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The Hittite Empire was that of the Chaldean/Kassites and was located in the region marked for the Medians, a little later people.

Israelite influence under King David & Solomon and their alter ego's stretched far for a time.

Approximate Locations of Regions and States largely based on information by Herodotus. Regions of the Middle East

01) Turkey is a land of rich contrasts between ancient and modern. It is a land where much history took place related to Biblical and post biblical times. The Apostle Paul in particular traveled through it establishing Christian churches. The Apostle Peter mentions Bithynia, Pontus, Galatia and Cappadocia, a land of unique dwellings. These dwelling are rocky looking, pointed of various detail shapes and are made of tufa and volcanic ash. While underground cities like Derinkuyu and Kaymakli are the best known, Ozkonak and Saratli make also great places to see. Derinkuyu could give shelter to up to 10,000 inhabitants over eight levels. Christians found refuge here during times of persecution beginning from the time of the apostles to just 100 years ago. The city of Göreme, in the 4th century AD, adopted the teachings of Basil, Bishop of Caesarea (Kayseri).

02) The region of Bythinia (1.Peter 1:1) is usually identified with northern Turkey bordering on the `Balck Sea.' The district of `Galatia' is located in central Asia Minor (Acts 16:6; 1. Peter 1:1). Therefore, those who state that, based on 1.Peter 1:1, the Apostle Peter went to Rome and lived there for some 25 years, seem to have to strife hard to make that scripture say that. What they seem to confuse is Simon Peter with Simon Magus, the latter of which went to Rome in 45 AD.

(3) Nicomedia was a later period region in western Asia Minor.

(4) Anatalia: Anatolia should be located in the yellow region bordering along the southern shore of Turkey and reaching in the east into Syria/Carchemish area. Some others may locate Anatolia's western border around Carchemish and the rest of it not bordering on the Mediteraenian See but stradling between Turkey, Syria towards Ararat. This location would put the land and city of Malatya to its north, Tarruga to the west of Anatolia, closer to the Mediteraenean Sea. A Hittite Stele written by Hittite king Ura-Tarhuis was discovered 2 miles away from Darende on the Tohma Su which then should be the location of the "city of Tumana" which some identify with Sapidduwa. The stele reads in part, "Ura-Tarhuis, grandson of . . . .wandas, the king, son of Sulumeli, ruler in the land of Malatya. I settled the town of Tumana as . . . for it.; and this stele I set up for the gods."
A List of locations provided by Prof. del Monte, points out that list issued by Arnuwanda I (KUB, XVII, 21 ii, 20ff), quotes Zalpuwa as well as Taukka (Tarugga) in a list of lands brandsacked by the Kaskans. Others questioned his identifications though.

  1. the land of Zalpuwa
  2. Katahha
  3. Hurna
  4. Dankusna
  5. Tapapanuwa
  6. Kazappa
  7. Tarugga
  8. Ilaluha
  9. Zihhana
  10. Sipidduwa
We must also mention that the Halys River flowing in a long, sweeping curve and emtying into the Black Sea, is also know as the Kizil Irmak River.
(5) Other Items of Interest: Someone reported that the 400 km trip, on horseback, from about Silifke north to Zalpa, travelling light, takes five days. That would mean 80 miles a day.
Shrubia was located SW of Lake Van. It had a city named Upumu. BAR, Jan 1992, p. 57.

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