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Comparing the Tombs of Ras Shamra with those of Trachonas on the Peninsula of Karpas the archaeologists observed, "Those in Cyprus are considerably later and continue down to the 8th and 7th centuries, according to the Swedish excavator." [E. Gjerstad and others, `The Swedish Cyprus Expedition', 1927-1931 (Stockholm, 1934-37), Vol. I, p. 405.]

Other names of Cyprus itself are `Chittim/ Kittim' according to Isaiah 23:1,12; Jer. 2:10; Dan. 11:30; and some of its cities: Paphos, another name for Palaeokastro; Soli, near Morphu; Kazaphani and Palekythra, near Kyremia and Amathous, another name for Kalavassos.

West of Cyprus are the two locations of rocky islands: Orophorous Island and the (at least) two rocks of Moulia Rocks where the cave of the amphoras was found. [Robert Hohlfelder, The Cave of the Amphoras in BA, Mar 1995, p. 49-51.]

Map of Cyprus

Other locations: 1) The area north of Morphou is also labeled Toumba Tou Skourou on some drawn maps. 2) Near Kyrenia was Lapithos. 3) Souskiou, hidden valley.

01) For an image of the bee-hive shaped dwellings of the people of the location of Khirokitia on Cyprus see L.Casson, `The Earliest Cities', in `Discovery of Lost Worlds', American Heritage 1979, p. 17.
02) To see the medieval fortified castle of St. Hilarion on Cyprus see Eretz, Jul/Aug 2001, p. 28.
Rock cut ancient catacomb or tunnel was discovered on Cyprus at least ?? yards under the surface. 03) Image from Duncan Mackenzie, `The Megalithic Monuments of Rabbath Ammon at Amman' in the Palestine Exploration Fund, 1911, p. 39. The bowl is said to belong at the latest to the 6th century BC. The author does not explain its origin.
04) For images of the castle of St. Hilarion, the village of Margo, Famagusta and Kyrenia harbor see The forgotten Jews of Cyprus in Eretz, Jul/Aug 2001, p. 26-38.
05) The Troodos Mountain range follows the southern coast at Kalavassos.
06) The history of artificial mounds or tumuli, found at Salamis and around Jerusalem, includes one excavated near Salamis which was constructed in 311 BC apparently for a memorial ceremony for King Nicocreon.[See Gabriel Barkay, Mounds of Mystery in BAR, May 2003, p. 32-39,66,68.]
07) A rock cut catacomb (tunnel), dated to the late Middle Bronze age, was discovered at a depth of at least ?? yards below the surface.
08) A fragment of a marble plaque fount at Paphos on Cyprus, may contain part of the name of the apostle Paul. For the image see BAR, Jan 2000, p. 14. Reconstructed by Filippo Giudice as `PAULOY APOSTOLOY', `Paul apostle', in which the underlined letters show in two rows of the inscription. A besieged fortress with round towers on a silver bowl from Amathus, Cyprus.



Names of Kings of Cyprus

Pumiathon - 4th century BC - PSBA, Mar 1881, p. 72, A Phoenician inscription from Lanarca, Cyprus.


Notes & References
[01] What is described as a 5 foot tall votary figure of ca. 500 to 450 BC was found in the sanctuary of Golgoi. For the frontal B&W image see BAR, Mar/Apr 1983, p. 10.
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