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Earth from Space According to NASA

Views of the Red Sea and Coast of Saudi Arabia

These images might help us to visualize the possible route Moses took to lead the Israelites toward Kadesh Barnea, todays region of Mecca, where they spend about 38 years of the 40 years of wandering in the desert. If the region of Mecca or some other coastal Arabian site with water for Israel was Kadesh Barnea this would explain why no solid evidence for the Exodus has been found in the Sinai itself. Mecca is just about 600 miles down the Red Sea coast. Enough distance for safety from another attack of the army of Egypt. That Israel had no encounters with Egyptian/Amalekite forces after the battle at Mt. Sinai may be due to the fact that they did not camp in the Sinai Desert.

If Kadesh Barnea was not located on the Siani Penisula, how are we to understand the following scriptures?

  1. Describing the southern borders of Israel, "And your border shall turn from the south to the ascent of Akrabbim, and pass on to Zin: and the going forth thereof shall be from the south to Kadesh-barnea, and shall go on to Hazaradar, and pass on to Azmon." Numbers 34:4.

  2. Travel Time from Horeb to Kadesh-barnea, "There are eleven days journey from Horeb by the way of mount Seir unto Kadesh-barnea." Deuteronomy 1:2.

The description of the borders of Israel does not seem to allow for an Arabian location of Kadesh-barnea unless there were two sites with that name.

Depending of where one would settle for the location of Mt. Horeb, 11 days journey away, at perhaps 18 miles per day, would be about 200 miles, too short for Mecca. Unless there was water further north of Mecca and only some tribal members went as far as Mecca while others stayed closer to Sinai, the logistics may be hard to explain.

Space Shuttle over the Red Sea with view of the coast of Egypt and Arabia
Space Shuttle over the Red Sea with view of the coast of Egypt and Arabia

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