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Comprehending Two Bible Truths
The Laver, Righteousness by Faith
The Heavenly Judgment Begins
The Altar and the Mercy Seat
The Ministry of Christ in His Sanctuary
Hebrew Chapter Nine
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The author uses the words differently
Explaining Hebrews 9:8
Transferral: In Fact or Symbol?
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This is Righteousness by Faith
This is Justification by Faith
This is Sanctification by Faith
The Israelite Sanctuary
Luther's calling
Our calling - Sanctification by Faith
Caiaphas' Influence
Overcoming Sin Preaching
The Path to The Throne of God
Explaining Galatians 3:19,20
Justified by Grace
A Recapitulation
The Short Version to Explain the Sanctuary
The Atonement & the Three Angels
The Power Promised
Notes & References
The Love of God - We don't Need to Fear
Aspects of Calvinism & the Bible
Three Questions & Their Important Answers
The Day of Atonement Bible Study
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Slightly modified 11 page printable version for handouts.
Slightly modified 10 page printable version for handouts.
Adv. vindicated

The Israelite sanctuary is a very significant topic to know and comprehend. In this paper we bring together information underscoring the above assessment. We shall try to present the subject matter in a form easy to understand for the readers of the large and varied internet community. We shall find out that the science of redemption is the science of all sciences. The whole universe will be the field of study of the redeemed, Psalm 104:24. They, having eternal life, will be able to visit all the worlds around, Psalm 91:16; Isaiah 45:11,12.

Basic Information

Originally it was not God's design to have a Levitical priesthood, for we read,

"... Ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel." Exodus 19:6.

And through the Apostle Peter we know,

"... ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should show forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light." 1.Peter 2:19.

What kind of light was supposed to shine through God's people? If it wasn't for us being sinners, the `shekinah glory' was to shine in our life. "Wherefore Jesus . . . suffered without the gate. ... by him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually." (Hebr. 13:12-15). Originally man was to have dominion over the earth (Gen. 1:26); because of sin, man lost that dominion, his kingdom. Christ came to live in a body like our body, to restore us back to that original plan, "Then said I (Christ), Lo, I come . . . to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second. By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all." (Hebr. 10:7-10)

Whenever you think about these scriptures and concepts and of the events on calvary, repent of your sins and always end your time of contemplation on a proper note. Do that by rejoicing in what Christ accomplished on the cross; that victory was obtained and because of it your sins were forgiven. And now you stand justified (pardoned), before God as if you had never sinned! Whenever possible, when giving praise to God, do it out loud for that is of vital importance, "Let the words of my mouth, and the meditation of my heart, be acceptable in thy sight, O LORD, my strength, and my redeemer." Psalm 19:14. "O bless our God, ye people, and make the voice of his praise to be heard." Ps. 66:8. ". . . Oh that men would praise the Lord for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men! And let them sacrifice the sacrifices of thanksgiving, and declare his works with rejoicing." Ps. 107:21,22; 47:1; 51:15.

For we may know,

"When Adam came from the Creator's hand, he bore, in his physical, mental, and spiritual nature, a likeness to his Maker. . . . It was His purpose that the longer man lived the more fully he should reveal this image--the more fully reflect the glory of the Creator." {FLB 29.7}

"The coin, though lying among dust and rubbish, is a piece of silver still. Its owner seeks it because it is of value. So every soul, however degraded by sin, is in God's sight accounted precious. As the coin bears the image and superscription of the reigning power, so man at his creation bore the image and superscription of God; and though now marred and dim through the influence of sin, the traces of this inscription remain upon every soul. God desires to recover that soul and to retrace upon it His own image in righteousness and holiness." {COL 194.3}

You find more on the priesthood of believers here.

The Book of Hebrews compares and contrasts the Day of Atonement services with the sacrifice of Jesus Christ on the Cross (Calvary, Leviticus 9:10-22), because of God's love for the human race. The sacrificial service was designed to open the heart of believers to the Lord God in Heaven. It argues that by His once-for-all death He accomplished what Israel's repeated offerings could never achieve and that is why aiming to start up such services in our time does not achieve anything, instead, our eye of faith is to be directed on studying the Scriptures on what is being accomplished in God's sanctuary in heaven, "For he hath looked down from the height of his sanctuary; from heaven did the Lord behold the earth . . .", Psalm 102:19. The importance of this topic is shown in that the Lord had John put the account in the very heart of Revelation (ch. 10-11), in the episode about the little book, sweet in the mouth, bitter in the stomach, followed by the opening of the Most Holy Place. - Jesus is the reality symbolized by the Day of Atonement sacrifices, as He was by all the ancient services. The Day of Atonement is not a day where forgiveness figures prominently, because it goes beyond forgiveness which has already been received (Lev. 16:30 in context), to moral cleansing, to self-substitution even until the tears flow and hair turns grey. [1]

Thus we recognize that, "the sanctuary is the very center of Christ's work in behalf of men. It concerns every soul living upon the earth. It opens to view the plan of redemption, bringing us down to the very close of time, and revealing the triumphant issue of the contest between righteousness and sin. It is of the utmost importance that all should thoroughly investigate these subjects, and be able to give to every one that asketh them a reason for the hope that is in them.[2]

Comprehending Two Important Bible Truths

In this section we speak about actual events and activities going on around the world. We must be able to discern spiritual things to comprehend what the Bible teaches and how it applies to God's special people who are the only ones who are called to warn the world that time is soon up and Christ comes again in might and power to save those who show an interest in His truths and who would otherwise be lost unless they hear and take note of the word of God.

Above we spoke about that each Christian, God's endtime believers, are spoken of as being like kings and priests in the circle of their influence. So we ask, What do kings do and what do priests do?

1) What does the Bible mean when it talks about kings and priests?

7:1 "And after these things I saw four angels standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree. ...
7:4 And I heard the number of them which were sealed: and there were sealed an hundred and forty and four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel."
7:14 And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.
7:15 Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them."
Rev. 7:1,4, 14, 15.

Vers 1 reminds us that today we live in the end of time, in the last days of the reign of sin on earth, because it seems the winds are starting to blow. On the matter of kings we read,

"For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:
2:29 But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision [is that] of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God."
Romans 2:28,29.

Paul says, believers in the truths of God are spiritual Jews, not by birth. But what do kings do?

"And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood, And (He) hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen. ..." Rev. 1:5,6.

It says, since Christ is the king of His followers, they too are kings, because they do what?

"When thou art come unto the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee, and shalt possess it, and shalt dwell therein, and shalt say, I will set a king over me, like as all the nations that are about me ... do." Deut. 17:14.

The world wants an earthly king; God wants to make us another kind of king whom we read about next.

God's type of kings will be able to" stand" - another term we need to know what it means.

"For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?" Rev. 6:17.

The next scriptures we must shorten to make this not too long:

6:10 "Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might.
6:11 Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. ....
6:14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness;
6:15 And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace;
6:16 Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked.
6:17 And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:
6:18 Praying always . . .
6:24 Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. Amen."
Eph. 6:10-24.

In short we may say, that `kings' in the Bible means, such people are daily students of the word of God (2.Kings 22:8,9); but not so that their hearts be lifted up to their brethren. We are all part of the family of God. Daily Bible study then makes us to be kings; it will enable us to be able to stand against the wiles of Satan - the destroyer through the Holy Spirit being now in our heart. And stand "... on the mount Sion, and (be) with him (among the) 144,000, having his Father's name written in their foreheads." Rev. 14:1.

About this kind of God's people it is said, "And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an 144,000, having his Father's name written in their foreheads - they stand on Mt. Zion.
And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and so that day come upon you unawares."
Rev. 14:1; Luke 21:34.

2) God's people are to be like the faithful priests of God's tabernacle sanctuary were they live a circumspect life, not a worldly oriented life, but a spiritual life, as they work real jobs to make a living.

3) "The restoration and uplifting of humanity begins in the home. The work of parents underlies every other. Society is composed of families, and is what the heads of families make it. Out of the heart are "the issues of life" (Proverbs 4:23); and the heart of the community, of the church, and of the nation is the household. The well-being of society, the success of the church, the prosperity of the nation, depend upon home influences." [MH 349; PaM 119.3]

What do priest's do? - They offer gifts, the gift of the Holy Spirit to let us know God's will; while kings are our implementors (get us to study our Bible), to let us know how to do the will of God.

In these last days then, we have ...

  1. people who know that Biblical truths are like windows into the very heart of God while traditions bring no assurance of salvation
  2. The children of Israel are like virgins, they have let go of sinning, are forgiven and live a God oriented life.
  3. they are redeemed
  4. they can stand through all types of situations without falling, caving in or despairing.
  5. They will be on the mount of God with the lamb.
  6. The Father's Name is Written on their forehead - they belong to God - they are the apple of His eye.

They will dwell with God in His ... sanctuary (Rev. 21:3).

01) The Israelite sanctuary was erected inside a fenced court of known dimensions.
02) The court was a proportional rectangle. Each long side was made of twined cloth hangings suspended from 20 pillars (posts) to a length of 100 cubits / 171.6 feet [Egyptian Royal Cubit = 20.6 in.; 1 meter = ca. 1.908 cubits]. Each short side was made of the same type cloth hangings suspended from 10 pillars to a length of 50 cubits (ca. 85.8 feet).

The dimensions of the court were accordingly to be

ca. 172 x 86 feet calculated from 100 x 50 ancient Egyptian cubits, Ex. 27:18; this was also the size of the Temple of the Lord according to Ezekiel, Ez. 40:15.
The court consisted therefore of 2 equal size squares measuring
ca. 86 x 86 feet each, Ex. 27:9-19, or 50 x 50 cubits, Ex. 27:13, just like Noah's ark was 50 cubits wide, Gen. 6:15.
The tabernacle length, width and height likely measured
36x12x12 cubits, the holy 24x12, the most holy 12x12 cubits and the gate (4 pillars, 4 gospels, Ex. 27:16, 4th commandment - 4 points to Christ) to the court 20 cubits wide.

Looking at the rear of the tabernacle, these measurements left a comfortable distance of 19 cubits between the rear wall of the tabernacle and the western fence of the court enclosure.[3]
Sanctuary view Looking at the front of the tabernacle, these measurements also left some 25 cubits from the entrance to the center of the forecourt (outer court), or 22.5 cubits to the edge of the `Altar of Burnt Offerings' [5x5 cubits], Ex. 27:1; 1Kings 8:64; 2Chr. 7:7. This altar had a sloping, ramp-like-side toward the south, on which priests could descend from placing the wood and sacrifice, Lev. 9:22.
Looking at the space between the altar and the entrance to the tabernacle, these measurements left 17.5 cubits, a comfortable space, for the laver between the altar and the entrance to the tabernacle.
From the eastern entrance of the forecourt (or outer court) to the entrance of the tabernacle was 45 cubits. Please note that the floor space of the Most Holy was 12 x 12 = 144 square cubits. This helps us to understand that the 144,000 is a symbolical number. In Greek it is written as, ekaton (100) tesserakonta (40) tesseras (4) xiliades (1000). - We chose 12 cubits (20.6 feet) because, if you make it larger, especially the space where the laver stood becomes more confined. Others state the sanctuary was 55 feet long, 18 feet wide and high. The Bible does not state the size of the tabernacle tent.

03) In the forecourt the central place was were the altar of burnt offerings stood (central: by drawing lines from opposite corners), 1.Kings 8:64.
04) In the other court stood the tabernacle/tent, (Gr. `skene', Hebr. 9:1).
05) The central point of this square was where the Mercy Seat was situated inside the Most Holy of the tabernacle and the golden censer inside which was used with some burning incence. [5]
06) This central placement of the `Altar of Burnt Offerings' and `the Ark of the Covenant' topped by the `Mercy Seat' was to teach the interaction of the cross (altar) and the Throne of God (Mercy Seat) as central aspects we shall address later in more detail. Inside the `Ark of the Covenant' were the two tablets of the `Ten Commandments' and the `rod of Aaron' which had budded. In a side pocket on the outside of the box of the ark Moses placed the handwritten law book regulating the sacrificial and social laws to be followed in Israel, Dt. 31:26.
07) The significance of the rod that budded is this:
By divine instruction each tribe prepared a rod and wrote on it the name of the tribe. The name of Aaron was written upon the rod from the tribe of Levi. The rods were laid up in the tabernacle, "before the testimony". The blossoming of any rod was to be a token that the Lord had chosen that tribe for the priesthood. The next morning, "... behold, the rod of Aaron for the house of Levi was budded, and brought forth buds, and blossoms, and yielded almonds." It was shown to the people, and afterward exhibited in the tabernacle as a witness to succeeding generations to settle the question of the priesthood. [8]
There is no indication that the budding rod is symbolic for the resurrection of Jesus Christ, though very important. Some interpreters seem to use such side issues to draw attention away from the center of it all, the Ten Commandment Law. [10]
08) The altar of burnt offerings was 5 cubits wide and 3 cubits tall (Ex. 38:1) but the brass grate inside was installed at half this height making the platform on which the sacrifice was placed of equal height to the Mercy Seat inside the Most Holy which was 1.5 cubits in height. (Exodus 27:1-4; 25:10-22) This too has symbolic significance.
09) The Laver, Righteousness by Faith Message

Nearby stood the laver, between the altar and the entrance to the sanctuary, Ex. 30:18; 40:29. The laver was a large washbasin made of brass. Here the priests washed their hands before offering a sacrifice or entering the sanctuary, Ex. 30:17-21; 38:8. The water represented baptism, repentance, the cleansing from sin, or the new birth, Acts 5:31; 2,Cor. 3:3; Titus 3:5.[15] But before going to the 1st station, the laver, we must understand that going in to the presence of the Lord, requires a clean heart. We cannot approach God still in our sins. As we hear the gospel of salvation through Jesus Christ, the Holy Spirit convicts us of that truth once we realize that our sins nailed Jesus to the cross; my sins and those of each one of us. But understand, you can be convicted by the Holy Spirit of your sins, but remain unrepentant, by saying in effect, `oh, I haven't done anything wrong - since some use Romans chapter 7 as to what the definition of sin is. That causes some to imagine that sin is who we are. We can do nothing about it. But remember, God created us in His image, sin separated us from God, Christ's sacrifice can restore the image of God in us again at the end of the reign of sin - first in our own life, and last, and then in the whole world. The true definition of sin is found in 1.John 3:4. Sin is always an act of our own choice, not one of our sin nature. No one can force us to sin, if we are determined to serve God only.

It was within the precincts of the Herodian Temple where Jesus stood between the altar of sacrifices and the large laver supported by 12 oxen, three on each side and with 10 smaller lavers nearby on the day described by the apostle John, "And early in the morning he came again into the temple, and all the people came unto him; and he sat down and taught them." John 8:2. Looking upon the water filled laver Jesus caused those present to see in it the water of baptism for the forgiveness of sin. So the scribes and Pharisees found themselves a woman in order to divert Jesus' attention away from themselves to her, who they claimed, was caught in adultery, not knowing Jesus could read their heart (Jh. 8:6,9; Jer. 17:13; Dt. 6:5,6). He knew, that they wanted to stone him, not the woman. Subsequent events happening are then related after which Jesus walked over to the treasury (v. 20). Not until later the water represents the humble kneeling down and the washing of the feet by God in Jesus, John 13:2ff.

10) Before the entrance to the Solomonic Temple sanctuary stood two pillars named Ja'chin on the right and Boaz on the left side. 1.Kings 7:21; 1.Chr. 3:17.
11) These pillars represented the pillar of the cloud during day time hours and the pillar of fire during the night, Ex. 13:21; 40:38.
12) The extended symbolism of the Solomonic pillars then was that next to Ja'chin's pillar was the location where priests were anointed for service in the sanctuary and Boaz' pillar [100] was the location next to which kings were anointed, in other words Israels spiritual and political leaders, Lev. 8:3ff; 2.Ki. 11:14; Psalms 99:7.
13) The priest would enter the first/holy compartment of the tabernacle-sanctuary by going first toward the 7 branched candlestick (menorah), from there to the altar of incense before the vail leading into the Most Holy, then he would turn back and approach the table of shewbread located on the north side. Some point out that, if one could look from the `altar of burnt offerings' toward the `ark of the covenant' that would be the upright post and looking from the `7 branched candle stick' to the `table of shewbread' would be the horizontal post of a cross. It means by blood (accepting Christ's sacrifice) and by incense (prayer) God was to be approached (PP353). The meaning of the menorah is addressed in Zech. 4:1-6, 11-14; Rev. 4:2,5; 11:4; The seven Spirits of God (the Holy Spirit's multiple operations; the seven churches) are mentioned in Rev. 1:4; 4:5 and Zech. 4:6 relates the menorah to God's ("my") spirit. The two olive trees (Olea europaea) may be thought of as the royal and priestly kingdom of Israel whose representatives were Zerubbabel and Joshua, the two anointed heads of Israel. The oil represents the Spirit of the Lord, as the Son of God was anointed, Zech. 4:6; Isa. 61:1; Also compare John 6:63; Gal. 3:2; Phil. 2:15; Rev. 1:12f, 20. Today the two olive trees may be the witness of the OT & NT. As the Levites were consecrated and dedicated to the Lord's service, we are to seek that too in our daily sacrifice (Rom. 12:1), our daily living. True Christians have a high calling, Phil. 3:14; Num. 8:16, 19. The Levites making an atonement for Israel, in the light of the cross is addressed in Rom. 5:11; Hebr. 9:25-28. - Since the Lord God was so close to Israel in His tabernacle, to protect the people from the Divine wrath, the Levites accomplished something the people could not do for themselves, Num. 8:19.

The Significance of the Altar of Burnt Offerings and the Mercy Seat

Christianity is centered on the substitutional death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ suffered this death just outside the gate, near ancient Jerusalem to offer redemption to individuals from the consequence of sin (the second death) in our lives. Above and beyond God's love and forgiving attitude toward us, He wants to actually heal us from the sin itself and from its consequences.[130] In this sense His achievement on the cross was complete, finished - as far as the forecourt (or outer court) symbolism was concerned! (John 17:4; 19:30) But was it completed as far as the `throne/ark/mercy seat' is concerned? It is the book of Hebrews which opens up to our understanding the work which Christ began after His blood was shed on calvary and after He ascended to heaven (Hebr. 8:1-2; 9:1-28;) to make application of His sacrifice.

Tabernacle lay out not to scale And so we found that the architectural layout of the Israelite sanctuary put the symbol of the death of Christ on the cross in its very center. In the forecourt we find the `Altar for Burnt Offerings'. Most Christian churches have a working knowledge of this part of the antitypical meaning of this aspect of biblical teaching. However, the significance of the second central spot, where the `Ark of the Covenant' topped by the `Mercy Seat' stood (Exodus 25:17-22; 26:34; 2Sam. 7:2), is perhaps not given adequate time and insightful study in the width and depth of this featureful architectural arrangement filled with spiritual meaning. And so we find that many Christian churches stop at the cross and do not proceed to understand the place where at times God set up His throne between the covering Cherubim angels on the Mercy Seat/Throne, Ex. 25:22; Numbers 7:89. Saying it another way, they profess to believe advanced truth; but it is evident that they keep it in the outer court; for it has no sanctifying power on life and character. In the Jewish Temple in the days of Christ, the outer court was a center of unholy traffic.[144] Since both, altar and throne, are biblically emphasized, `centrally located' topics we shall address as brief as possible, and yet hopefully adequate enough, the more immediate and extended meanings in the following part.



The Ministry of Christ in His Sanctuary According to the Book of Hebrews

The Jewish sanctuary, long ago, had two main offices, the priest and the high priest. The priests saw after the daily tasks of aiding the sinners, who came into the court to have their sins forgiven, by bringing the blood of their sacrifices from the altar of burnt offerings, to sprinkle it in the holy place of the sanctuary. Once each year, on the annual day of atonement (Yom Kippur), the high priest officiated on this day, and his task was not like the priest's daily work for the forgiveness of sins, but once each year the sins confessed in the daily services, needed to be removed from the sanctuary and all of its implements, in order to cleanse the sanctuary from the accumulated sins, before starting a new year's cycle of offering daily forgiveness.

But every once in a while it could happen, that a man participated in the daily sacrifices, but then did not appear on the day of Atonement, even though it was taught to every Israelite man. That meant he thought of that service lightly, he did not believe what God wanted His people to accomplish on that day, and he was cut off from the services and his daily sins were consequently still unforgiven and the sacrifice's (Christ's) blood could not wash him clean, for such a man did not accept the significance of what it taught. From such a turn of events we may definitely know, that there is no such thing as `once saved, always saved'. A man could cancel his `saved condition' by such demonstrated unbelief way back then, and even today, by disregarding these Biblically taught subjects.

We may ask therefore,

  1. Why would any understanding of the plan of salvation be incomplete, if it leaves out, or minimizes, the work of Christ as our High Priest?

    Because it would leave out our need to put away sinning, out of our life and thus leave us unredeemed.

  2. What does the sanctuary teach us about just how central the work of intercession in the sanctuary is to the total plan of salvation?
    Most of the content of the Book of Hebrews is dedicated to the work of Christ in the heavenly sanctuary. Since that is so,

  3. How important must His service in there then be today for us to properly understand and comprehend? It is very important because there will be a day, just before the close of Probation, before Christ's visible and trumpeted Second Coming, when we must live for a while without Christ interceding in our behalf, for the Bible says,

    "This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you. Moreover he (the earthly priest) sprinkled with blood both the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry. And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission. It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us: Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others; For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment: So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation." Hebrews 9:20-28.

Some time ago someone wrote, that the work of Christ, from His death to His ministry in the heavenly sanctuary, is simply part of "God's orderly method" of dealing with the sin problem in a way that will help to answer all questions regarding His justice, fairness, and love.

What implication may this writer's comment have?

In particular, how might such a view about `the great controversy' theme, i.e. about the tragic consequences what sin causes to happen among individuals and the whole universe, affect man's readiness to be cleansed from his sins, before Christ comes again?

Does it not make light of sin, Christ's death on the cross, and salvation and such a person will not be ready and saved?

Yes, it certainly does glitch over the most tragic effects of sin (Jh. 9:41), and therefore seems to be an idea out of the mouth of the devil himself. It says basically, oh, don't make too much of salvation, it is just a method of God to straighten things out which does not need to concern us at all for Christ does it all.

Only couch potatoes think like that, not those who still believe that Christ, the Son of God, came into this world to make us one with God, and to save us from eternal death under the condition that we cooperate in our own salvation and sin no more (John 5:13; 8:11), and anchor us in Christian principles and love so that sin will not ever happen again.

The Mercy Seat

The Mercy Seat represented the connecting link between heaven and earth. The two cherubim guards both faced the center of the chest made of acacia wood, in token humility and reverence bowing and in symbol representing the entire heavenly hosts and how they intently regard the law of God, which was first broken by Satan, and the plan of redemption after man fell.[148] How intent the angelic hosts are observing everything having to do with salvation and the resolution of sin in this world is brought out several times in the Bible especially during the time of the birth and ascendance of Jesus Christ back into heaven and is presented in all four gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. We read words like

"The angel of the Lord appeared unto Joseph ... And the angel answering said unto him, I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God; and I am sent to speak unto thee, and to shew thee these glad tidings. ... And Jesus said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Hereafter ye shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of man. ... And he was in the wilderness forty days ... and the angels ministered unto him." Matt. 1:20; Luke 1:19; John 1:51; Mark 1:13.

Or how the angels of God are worshiping the firstbegotten in great submission and allegiance where it says,

"And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship (`proskuneo') him." Hebr. 1:6.

The presence of these angels emphasizes the importance of these events and goings on, also double emphasized by Jesus using the word `verily' twice. Who was the angel Gabriel (Dan. 10:21; Rev. 1:1)? We may not be far off to say, that the angel Gabriel who stood in the presence of God, holds now the position which Satan forsook when sin was found in him, for God gave all living beings the freedom to choose. We do well to take heed of the instruction presented in these passages in their entire context, for the angels wanted to witness how the problem of sin was going to be resolved and apparently aid in its resolution somehow. For this reason alone we probably should not leave one facet of this great theme unnoticed and proclaimed for we were created just a little lower than "Elohim", it says in the Hebrew, which has come down to us as "angels" by the translators, Psalms 8:4-5. So, was man created just a little lower than the angels or a little lower than God? Well, I never thought of this before but the latter would explain quite a number of things. For instance, (1) why at the creation of man there erupted such an uproar of a war in heaven, (2) why Lucifer sinned at the creation of man, (3) why he hates man especially, (4) why Christ loves man especially.- Yet, no, we were created just a little lower than the angels, a new order of beings, and Christ had to be born lower than the angels, so that He could suffer death, for in order for people to be saved, Jesus had to die, so that He could rescue God's children from the slavery of death, from the devil, from the fear of death, even the second death, and to qualify Jesus to become a "merciful and faithful High Priest." Hebr. 2:17. In short, the Cross had to precede the Crown.

Above the Mercy Seat, between the cherubim angels on a few occasions, the `shekinah' glory of the presence of God was revealed in order to make known His will, Psalm 80:1; Ex. 25:22; Num. 7:89. Moses had gone into the sanctuary to speak to the Lord, instead the Lord spoke to Moses. Our question may be, how open are we to hearing the voice of God when He is speaking to us? (Hebr. 4:14-16). What things keep us from a fuller communion with God? - Divine messages were sometimes made known to the high priest by a voice from the pillar of the cloud. Other times a light would shine upon the angel on the right indicating approval or the angel on the left, indicating disapproval, Ex. 25:22 (implied). Likewise we are to shine here on earth, "in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation." Phil. 2:15. How? We must be there all the time `washing their feet,' Lk. 22:27; Jh. 13:14; Mk. 14: 8,9, for as long as they do not drive you out of the city.

"Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, because the cloud abode thereon, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle." Ex. 40:34.

"And all the children of Israel murmured against ... `Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt ... let us return ...' ... then Moses and Aaron fell on their faces ... rebel not ye against the Lord ... But the congregation (of the Israelites) bade stone them with stones. And the glory of the Lord appeared in the tabernacle of the congregation before all the children of Israel." Num. 14:2,5,9,10.

"... the glory of the Lord appeared unto all the congregation." Lev. 9:23; Num. 16:19,42; 20:6.

Hannah's prayer incidentally mentions ... "He raiseth up ... to make them inherit the throne of glory ..." 1.Sam.2:8.

"... for the glory of the Lord had filled the house of the Lord." 1.Ki. 8:11; 2.Chr. 5:14.

"Now when Solomon had made an end of praying, the fire came down from heaven, and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices; and the glory of the Lord filled the house. And the priests could not enter into the house of the Lord, because the glory of the Lord had filled the Lord's house. And when all the children of Israel saw how the fire came down, and the glory of the Lord upon the house, they bowed themselves with their faces to the ground upon the pavement, and worshipped, and praised the Lord, saying, For he is good; for his mercy endureth for ever." 2.Chr. 7:1-3; Micah 7:18,19.

"And the glory of the God of Israel was gone up from the cherub ..." Ezekiel 8:4; 10:4.

Underneath the cherubim angels between which the glory of the Lord appeared, inside the arch, was enshrined the law of God. That law pronounces death upon the transgressor, but above the law was the Mercy Seat indicating or pointing forward to the sacrificial atonement provided by the death of Jesus on the cross, so that pardon could be granted to repenting sinners who would turn away from sinning and become obedient to the Lord.[180]

The Temple of the Lord in Jerusalem was the place where God's word shows that at least seven kinds of prayers were offered in the Temple, 1.Kings 8:31-53. They were:

  1. for seeking forgiveness, 1.Ki. 8:30.
  2. for oath swearing, v. 31,32.
  3. for supplication when defeated, v. 33, 34.
  4. for petitions when faced with a drought or other disasters, v. 35.
  5. for foreigners to pray there, v. 41-43.
  6. to petition for victory, v. 44, 45.
  7. a house of prayer for all people, Isa. 56:7.

And so for David, the house of the Lord, the temple, the pavilion, the tabernacle, the tent, was the place where he desired to be forever, Psalm 27. In his days the sanctuary made the difference to understand why the wicked had apparent successes while the faithful went through afflictions. It may help us to realize that the present conditions will one day change and justice will be done, Ps. 73; 63:2.

"Surely his salvation is nigh them that fear (respect, reverence) him; that glory may dwell in our land. Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed each other." Psalm 85:10.

There is no question that the crucifixion of Jesus Christ is a central point in biblical teachings and Christian beliefs; in putting Christ to death the Jews virtually destroyed their temple in Jerusalem and their spiritual temple inside, Col. 2:15. This is abundantly made clear in the Old Testament and especially also the New Testament. But the sacrifice of Christ on the Cross is in the past, God, at some point, wants to direct our attention to His Throne, before which we all must appear, 2.Cor. 5:10. The time for our attention toward His Throne in His Sanctuary is now! These are not new teachings. They were taught in the Bible all along, laity and clergy just did not faithfully study God's Holy Bible enough. The question, `Why was the sacrifice in the sanctuary not the end but the beginning of the sanctuary service,' is already answered here. Our first question may be this:

Is the centrality of the altar/cross imagery in the Old and New Testament also made clear on the subject of the centrality of the throne in the New Testament?

So we ask, for how long will Jesus Christ be our High Priest in heaven?

Is it forever? No.

But we must know the answer to this for it ties in with the resurrection of the saints of God.

"But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool." Hebr. 1:13.

Christ is here exalted as better than the angels. But what does it mean `to sit at the right hand?'

"Now the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens." Hebr. 8:1.

"Seeing that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God ..."

That Jesus, the high priest, is "Set" means it is a judgment scene.

This judgment in heaven, ... "Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us." Romans 8:34.

We know now that Jesus is our high priest and our intercessor.

Let us answer the question, `To which angel has God said, sit at my right hand?'

God said that to none of the angels; because none of the angels could be high priest or an intercessor for us.

For how long will Jesus be our high priest? ... until God will make the enemies His footstool.

The Bible says,

"Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power.
For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.
The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death."
1.Cor. 15:24-26.

Amen, Amen, to that.

But . . . when? At the special resurrection? or when? .. at the resurrection of the righteous of all ages? . . or at the translation of the living righteous who never will experience death?

How many resurrections are there? There are three - (1) a special resurrection of the righteous, (2) the first of the righteous, and (3) the 2nd resurrection of the wicked. But many times we may leave out the special resurrection and just count the other two.

From the Old Testament we know that the high priest would enter the Most Holy apartment of the tabernacle sanctuary once each year on the Day of Atonement, that means, the high priest served inside this Most Holy place rarely while he went inside the Holy apartment every day. [200] Since the inner veil separating the Holy from the Most Holy apartment did not reach to the ceiling, the glory of the Lord, when manifested above the Mercy Seat, was partially visible from the first apartment. When the priest offered incense before the Lord, he looked toward the ark; as the smoldering cloud of incense rose toward the ceiling, the divine glory descended upon the Mercy Seat and filled the Most Holy place, which may also be called `cleansing' or `glory' room, the `cleansing' of our soul temple, Jonah 2:7(implied). This burning incense, ascending with the prayers of Israel, represents the love, merits and intercession of Jesus Christ, His perfect righteousness, which through faith is imputed (accounted for) to His people, and which alone can make the worship of sinful beings acceptable to God. This was a time of intense interest to the worshipers who had assembled at the tabernacle. As they searched out in their minds their sins in silent prayer to confess them, their petitions ascended with the cloud of incense before the Lord, while in faith they laid hold upon the shed blood of the sacrifice as we do today in silent prayer at home or in church. We are to pray without ceasing (`proseuxomai'), Col. 1:9; for the purpose of prayer is to keep us close to God - pray without ceasing. It is dangerous to go over one hour without prayer. (Elijah's prayer)

While the burning of incense, slaying of sacrificial animals were done away with at the cross, we, who "nailed" Christ to the Cross by our sinning, still need to pray, search out our sins, exercise faith, confess and repent, but not to appease an angry God, No, but to satisfy the demands of the law before the universe of unfallen beings, who are interested to know that Satan will be forever conquered, so all who are thus reconciled citizens of God's kingdom are assured of peace and love forever. We ought to practice what we pray. Perhaps that may lead someone to show an interest in where you worship.

Putting this all together we may say that Christ paid the full price on Calvary. What did the cross pay for, and when is that achievement given to those contrite below the Cross?

1. While enormous progress in knowledge has been achieved on all levels, there is also corresponding, enormous increase in understanding the truths presented in the Word of God.[282] It is the Word of God which teaches that Jesus is the way, the truth, the life, personified, John 14:6. Believing the truth about what God teaches in His Word has to do with holding in one hand the Bible and in the other a hammer, a saw, a nursing license, a preaching permit, etc. Our faith must be practical, God's truth meets people's immediate needs (ADRA). This presenting of the Word of God must be done in all humility for it is a double edged sword (Hebr. 4:12), it cuts both ways, and ought to be applied to our own hearts first.
2. It is not the dusty, fragmented manuscripts found in the deserts which are increasing our knowledge, as much as it is the Bible itself and the good news it contains. Consequently these pages are alive and we update recognitions so as not to have a dead letter.
3. This good news is about Jesus, the Savior of the world (Jh. 4:42), what he has done, is doing and will finish doing - soon.
4. The Cross made possible the appeals of the Holy Spirit on human hearts, convicting of sin and drawing to Christ for the entire interval between sin entering Eden [290] and today.
5. People, all of us, do not know how to get out of the swamp that sin has made for us. Jesus came to lead us out of it.
6. Our Savior did not go back to heaven on an extended vacation, instead, He is employed full time in His heavenly sanctuary rebuilding human wrecks.
7. Jesus reaches down to all - the down and outers, addicts, teenagers, would be suiciders, lazy selfish "saints", `melting' prostitutes, the broken hearted, encouraging prisoners, abused children and parents - Jesus is very buzy.
8. Jesus heals all these maladies, hurts, even from childhood and before; problems they are not responsible for. But He never excuses us for cowardly going on in sin; He heals, forgives, cleanses, sets us free like an inmate walking out of jail, not mistrusted, but free. Jesus shows us God and how He can come down in the midst of us where he will save, he will rejoice over us with joy, He will rest in His love, He will joy over us with singing, Zeph. 3:17. Imagine, thus God is pictured as singing praises to bring happiness to the afflicted and ease the burdens of the heavy laden.
9. What is the catch? It is not this, that you first have to "do" something, it is rather that you must "see" something (in our now understanding mind). Each one of us is a sinner before we come "boldly" to the Savior. For Christ, it is sinners who are first-class citizens for He says, "I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners, to repentance." Mt. 9:13. Thus we look into the sanctuary in order to "see" that something. We may see that God wants us to be happy before He teaches us all his truths, especially those pertaining to the last days. That is the reason why none should delay to come back to God to learn to know Him, for this work cannot be accomplished in a couple of weeks. Come today. For true repentance, the kind that comes willingly from the heart, always will be followed by a determination to overcome and put away the things that we need to repent of.
10. The Cross, the eastern square, provided forgiveness and justification for those who accepted and remained in Christ. As they did so ...
11. the Cross provided enabling grace [300] for them to overcome sin and resist temptation, day by day.[301]
12. The Cross will make possible the resurrection, translation, glorification and eternal life of those finally redeemed.
13. The three steps:
The Court
The Holy Place
The Most Holy Place

represent
Justification
Sanctification
Final Judgment or regeneration

Present Truth - The Heavenly Judgment Begins

We may think of the post `Messiah (Jesus) on earth' to the time of the reformation, and then from the reformation and the return of Bible truths vs. traditions to the great awakening in 1844 as the first watch; and the second watch is then the period of Christ's ministry in the Most Holy and the fulfillment of Revelations emerging of the antichrist especially beginning his work after the wounding, and all the consequences that brings with it; today then we live in the time just before the three Sunday laws marked by the key event of the third watch, that of Christ finishing His intercessory (Hebr. 9:28), High Priestly work in the Most Holy of the Heavenly Sanctuary just before His Second Coming to end the reign of sin; for God's purposes know no haste and no delay (Gen. 15:14 implied). [Mt. 26:40; Mk. 13:35-37; 14:37; 2T 190-194]
In addition, the price paid at Calvary made it possible for Christ to minister thereafter on our behalf in the first and, later, in the second apartments of the heavenly Sanctuary.[305] It was by that ministry that He gradually gives the gifts, the pre-close probation benefits of His great service thus preserving individual, free choice in salvation. Thus the period since the reformation may be seen as the period of the first watch and two more follow. The cross was the gospel, salvation in reality, from the time after Christ ascended till the time when the door to the heavenly Most Holy would be opened, some 1800 years after preaching the cross. While the cross will always be important and must be preached, now preaching can expand the believers field of vision and also present the truths revealed in the Most Holy. For that we discuss now the centrality of the `Mercy Seat/throne of God' as it is addressed in Hebrews chapter 9 and also in our file on the thrones and sanctuaries, where the thrones of God are distinguished in the Bible this way: We observe that "round and before the throne" in the Sanctuary in Heaven, is the "sea of glass." About the second throne we read, "And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the lamb." Rev. 22:1. Carefully we take note that from the latter throne - "the throne of God and of the lamb" - proceeds the "river of life," whereas from the former, the sanctuary throne, proceeds the "sea of glass." .

These Bible facts establish that there are two thrones in heaven: on the one from which proceeds the "river of life," where Christ "sat at the right hand of God." This joint throne is therefore called "the throne of God and of the lamb." It is the "great white throne" at the river of life, in Paradise - God's eternal dwelling place. Whereas the throne in the sanctuary was set for the time being (Dan. 7:9,10) - during Christ's ministration in "the Holiest of all," thus making it the throne of Judgment - for the blotting out of sins and the granting of rewards. But the one which proceeds from the river of life is the throne of life and of eternity.

The extended significance of the symbolism taught in the sanctuary services relates in later times also to prophetic topics.



Hebrew Chapter Nine

A key chapter to a systematic understanding of the lessons one can learn about the sanctuary services is Hebrews chapter nine. In the past the lessons of this chapter have not been fully grasped. We endeavor in these few pages to present a brief point by point account on what we think is essential knowledge on this subject.

The 8 Major Principles embedded in Hebrew Nine:

I. There is a real sanctuary in heaven. (Hebr. 8:2) Just as certain as the outer court sacrifices prefigured Christ's death on the cross, the first and second apartment services also prefigured essential lessons.

II. We need to come to a better understanding of the Hebrew term `qodesh' and the Greek term `hagion/hagia' for they are used in the Book of Hebrew in a unique way. `Hagion' and its various forms appear some eight times in the Greek version of the Book of Hebrews where it is translated as shown:

(1) Hebrews 8:2 (`the sanctuary');
(2) 9:2 (`the sanctuary'),
(3) v 8 (`the holiest of all')
(4) v12 (`the holy place')
(5) v24 (`the holy places')
(6) v25 (`the holy place');
(7) 10:19 (`the holiest');
(8) 13:11 (`the sanctuary').

As shown above, the KJV translates the same word five different ways [355]. We need to understand and be able to give the reason why it never means `holiest of all' or `holiest'. For a long time 9 out of 38 Bible versions translate `hagia' incorrectly among them the KJV, the NKJV and the NIV. Correct translations may be found in the Murdoch (1855), Estes (1973), Jerusalem Bible (1966), New English Bible (1961), the New American Standard Bible (1960) and even in the New World Version of the Jehovah's Witnesses, to name a few.

Explanation of `hagion/hagia':

Important: We must remain in Neutral Gender (3rd column) of the declination tables. We also must remember that `hagion', `hagiwn', `hagia' are all declinated forms of the same root, `ta hagio-' or writing it without the `h', `ta agio-'.; singular cases are the whole sanctuary; plural one word cases are the holy apartment; plural two word cases (occurs one time only) are the Most Holy.

The correct translation of `ta hagia' (`the sanctuary of holy places') is the key to a better (correct) understanding of where Christ as our High Priest went to, after he ascended to heaven by 31 A.D. - 3 1/2 years after His baptism in 27 A.D. in the 15th year of Emperor Tiberius (Luke 3:1,21).

The Book of Hebrews is a very carefully arranged book.

Chapter 7 - The author establishes that Jesus is a priest.

Chapter 8 - first mention that Jesus has a sanctuary of His own in heaven in which he ministers; he mentions that this ministry is based on a Covenant of Fatherhood on God's part, and obedience by God's grace in faith on our part;

Chapter 9 - The author recognizes the need to define key terminology, i.e. sanctuary, first apartment, second apartment, veil.

Definitions:

a) Hebrews 9:1: "Eixe men oun kai e pr dikaimata latreias to hagion kosmikon." -- "Then verily the first [covenant] had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary." Hebrews 9:1 - The author gives us the word he uses for the sanctuary as a whole, the entire structure made up of two departments as `hagion', Singular Nominative (red*) for `holy', both apartments. Where "to te" is not an article, it means more like `and a'.

b) Hebrews 9:2: "Skene gar kateskeuasde e prte, en e e te luxnia kai e trapesa kai e prodesis t artn, etis legetai Hagia" -- "For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein [was] the candlestick/candelabra, and the table, and the showbread; which is called the sanctuary." Hebrews 9:2 - The author gives us the word he uses for the first apartment (holy place), `hagia' which is the Plural Nominative of `hagion' and literally means `holies' (Hebr. `qodesh'), yet, even though it is in plural, it refers to one apartment, the first, because of the contents of it.
This is a strange usage but used by the author of Hebrews, writing in Greek, when he places the word in the plural (green*). Instead of writing `holy (place)' he writes `holies (holy places)'. We remember from this verse that, after describing in verse 2 the furniture in it, he calls the first apartment `ta hagia.' We also know now from verse 1 that `ta hagia' can stand for the complete two-apartment sanctuary (in its declinated form; green*); and now we know from verse 2 it can also stand for the first apartment of the sanctuary.

One important question remains: "Can `ta hagia' ever stand for the second apartment - the Holy of Holies?"

We find the answer to that question in verse 3.

c) Hebrews 9:3: "Meta de to deuteron katapetasma skene e legomene Hagia Hagin." -- "And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all." Hebrews 9:3 - Here the author gives us the word he uses for the second apartment, (`Holiest of All'), which is `hagia hagin' (`' is the Greek letter omega, pronounced as a long `o'). This is also a strange usage but consistent with Hebrews 9:2 because both words are used in the plural (green* and blue*). He does not write `holy of holies' but rather `holies of holies'. (`skene' means tent or tabernacle)

The ordinary way to describe the sanctuary would then be, `holy places (holies)' for the sanctuary as a whole, `holy place (holy)' for the first apartment, and `holy of holies' for the second apartment.

But the author uses the words differently:

He uses (in a special, unique way) the singular word `hagion (holy)' for the sanctuary as a whole and the plural words `hagia' for the first apartment and `hagia hagion' for the second apartment. Why this is so is the question we endeavor to provide an answer for:

A Reasonable Answer: In the days of Paul and the early church the Greek version of the Old Testament, the Septuagint, was widely read. In the Septuagint `holy place' almost always refers to the first apartment, yet there was one important exception:

When Moses wrote Leviticus chapter 16, he consistently called the second apartment the `holy place (hagion)' when he contextual wise spoke of the `most holy' apartment. Moses did this never anywhere else in his writings.

Septuagint: Leviticus 16:2
Leviticus 16:2 Septuagint

"And the Lord said unto Moses, `Speak unto Aaron thy brother, that he come not at all times into the holy place within the vail before the mercy seat, which is upon the ark; that he die not: for I will appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat.'" Leviticus 16:2 [KJV].

The author of Hebrews may have thought that, if he uses `holy place' in the Book of Hebrews his Jewish readers might think on the basis of Leviticus 16:2ff as translated in the Septuagint, that he was talking about the second apartment. So he gave each apartment a different name in Hebrews 9:2-3 so that there may be no doubt for his Jewish readers on what he was talking about. In his account the author of Hebrews gave each single room in the sanctuary the plural word for it, as shown above, and for the sanctuary as a whole, a word written in singular. [410]

Other reasons could be inferred but we shall just present this one here for now. (Please click here for some additional explanations!)

Explaining Hebrews 9:8
Study on Hebrews 9

We found that in Hebrews 9:1-5, Paul explains the contents of the two apartments of the Hebrew sanctuary. In verses 6 and 7, he explains the work in those two apartments for it says in verse 7, "But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people:". Now in verse 8 he tells us that the pathway into the holy places of the heavenly Sanctuary was not to be opened while the earthly mediation had significance in the eyes of God, for it was in the earthly service that the morning and evening sacrifice took place to allow Israelites, who had traveled all day, to still be able to sacrifice a lamb just before night fall, Lev. 4:1-6; Numb. 28:3-5; Ex. 29:38-40, 42-44, 46. The individual Israelite killed the lamb, and the priest had to sprinkle it on the horns of the golden altar of incence and the veil before the Most Holy. Why? To symbolize that the intercession of Christ in our behalf in the sanctuary above is as essential to God's plan of salvation as was His death upon the cross. Insightful study shows that by His death He began that work which after His resurrection He ascended to complete in heaven. We must by faith enter within the veil, "whither the forunner is for us entered." Hebr. 6:20. - Adam failed his first probation (Gen. 2:16,17; 3:6), his sin plunged the men and women of his seed into hopeless misery; but by the sacrifice of the Son of God, a second probation was granted to man, Gen. 3:15; Rom. 5:14-15. In the plan of redemption a way of escape is provided for all who will avail themselves of it. God knew that it was impossible for man to overcome in his own strength, and he has provided help for him. [CTBH 15.3] Angels on probation had been deceived by Satan, and had been led on by him in the great rebellion in heaven against Christ. They failed to endure the test brought to bear upon them, and they fell. Adam was then created in the image of God and placed upon probation. He had a perfectly developed organism. All his faculties were harmonious. In all his emotions, words, and actions, there was a perfect conformity to the will of his Maker, Gen. 1:27,31. After God had made every provision for the happiness of man, and had supplied his every want, He tested his loyalty. If the holy pair should be obedient, the race would, after a time, be made equal to the angels. As Adam and Eve failed to bear this test, Christ proposed to become a voluntary offering for man. [Confrontation, 18.2]

Hebrews 9 verse 8 is the transition verse in this chapter. Most of that which comes after, repeats verse 8's essential thought - Jesus has entered the Heavenly Sanctuary on our behalf and we need no longer look to the earthly sanctuary as our doorway to God's forgiveness and help.

"The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing." Hebrews 9:8. How are we to understand this scripture? Does it mean that Jesus went into the Most Holy in 31 AD, the year He died on the cross?

When Christ ascended into heaven, His Father was waiting (Rev. ch. 4). Based on John 20:17, to be in the presence of God (although not in the most direct presence) can be the case in the Holy Place or in the courtyard. However, the hermeneutics of Hebr. 8:5 [580] compels the reader to the interpretation that Christ entered the Holy Place upon His ascension because that is where the priest went after sacrificing the lamb. Like we just said, in verses 1-5 we are being informed what the contents (furniture) of the two apartments are. Verses 6 and 7 tell us about the daily and yearly service that is carried on in these two apartments.

Next we find that Hebrews chapter 9 is a panoramic comparison of the heavenly Sanctuary with the earthly one. And this comparison begins in verse 8, and continues on through the rest of the chapter.

As to verse 8, the "the holiest of all" is another one of those nine times in which ta hagia is used by Paul, and we have seen that it can mean `sanctuary' or `first apartment' - but not `second apartment'. - - So, in order to see that Christ did not skip the first apartment (the holy) entirely and go directly into the second we must stick to what verses 1 to 7 say, which we did already, but let us emphasize it again: Skipping the first apartment would go against the theme of Hebrews 9:1-7, and the rest of the chapter. It also would go against all of the Old Testament types as well. Everything the priest did within the two apartments of the earthly sanctuary was a type of what Christ would later do in the heavenly Sanctuary. We have here two views of Hebrews 9:8. One of the views - Dr. Ford's - is based on the erroneous King James translation of Hebr. 9:8 (the `holiest of all').

Let us look at the Greek and how the KJV translated it, not using the definitions of verses 1 to 3:

"Touto delountos tou pneumatos tou hagiou, mepw pepsanerwsdai ten twn hagiwn odon eti tes prwtes skenes exouses stasin." -- "The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing." Hebr. 9:8. [See here and the definitions here for review.]

The New English Bible translates correctly,

"By this the Holy Spirit signifies that as long as the earlier tent (skenes) still stands, the way into the sanctuary remains unrevealed." [NEB, Oxford University Press, 1961, Hebrews 9:8, p. 381. It may be of interest that even the New World Translation has a somewhat better version than the KJV, saying, `... the way into the holy place had not yet been ...'] However, since we are still in Hebrews chapter 9 we must remember the above definitions, how `Hagin is used here in Hebrews 9:8 without `Hagia' preceeding it but the article preceeds the noun. That means, the omega appears because of the declination of the noun to make it sound right in Greek. (Please notice, in the Greek the correct article is the neutral, plural Genitive in this case.) To say, `tou hagis' would be wrong.[644] With respect to using the word "tent", it appears that Paul is here going easy on the Jewish believers by calling the sanctuary a `tent' when he meant the Temple in Jerusalem this way avoiding offending them. As long as that temple stood, it would be hard for the Hebrew Christians to look up to the sanctuary service in heaven which Jesus was just about to begin (since His ascension) in the first apartment, followed at a (much) later date by the service in the second. For we know, just like the Day of Atonement in the desert sanctuary had a fixed date, so we can expect the prophetically presented heavenly `Day of Atonement' to have a fixed date which occurred in 1844. It would have been difficult for the Jews (and some Christians today) to comprehend such a change from the Jerusalem Temple to one in heaven since we humans are often so sluggish in examining our own understanding from time to time. [In the German language we also must always be careful to use the right declination tables to express terms correctly. In the English that appears to be less of a challenge.]

Context wise, the true meaning of Hebrews 9:8 - is `ta Hagia', "holy places," not `second apartment' or `most holy places'; this way it allows the antitypes of Christ's Sanctuary work to be fulfilled - those pertaining to the first apartment according to Paul's definition (b) of `hagia'. This work of Christ was to stretch from the time after Christ's ascension until, in the providence of God, it was time to begin to fulfill the `Day of Atonement' figurative services in reality in the heavenly Sanctuary. Since the anti-typical `Day of Atonement' had a fixed date each year, we can expect for the typical `Atonement' to also have a fixed date on which it would begin to occur. That date is 1844, or if you will October 22, of 1844. - This interpretation allows all earthly, figurative services to find their heavenly, true counterparts and can therefore be spoken of as a more mature view compared to the less biblical view which others have ventured to teach. We ought not to blot out a major Old Testament type - the First Apartment Mediation of Christ, by saying He skipped that and entered straight into the Most Holy shortly after His ascension.[See here the review for the high priest's work.]

Going back to explain Hebrews 9:2, part b) [See here for I & II .]

III. The underlying meaning and fulfillments of the daily and the yearly services. The sanctuary underscores the lesson that atonement is much more than the death of an animal. That is why we do not only have an altar (which may be regarded as the only item needed for an animal sacrifice) but we also have a tent.[670]

IV. Additional services going on had to do with the terms `cleansing' and `cleanse' which are found 30 times in Exodus, Leviticus and Numbers.The Israelite Sanctuary Tabernacle showing Jebel al Lawz The word `atonement' is found 77 times in these same books underscoring the lesson in the phases of the services going on, so we may understand that a great deal of prefiguring is taking place. Priestly functions are brought out which relate to how God deals with sin. For God's repentant people, the meaning of the day of atonement centered on preparing to meet God, it was understood as a judgment, an acquittal, vindication, and involved a cleansing of the heart, Lev. 16:29-31; Eze. 36, and was a day on which the people rejoiced saying, "As far as the east is from the west, so far has he removed our transgressions from us.", Ps. 103:12. [680] It is the `prince of hosts' (Dan. 8:11) who is shown in Joshua 5:13-15, to be the Lord Himself, ".. when Joshua was by Jericho ... he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua went unto him, and said unto him, Art thou for us, or for our adversaries? And he said, Nay, but as captain of the host of the Lord am I now come. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith my lord unto his servant? And the captain of the Lord's host said unto Joshua, Loose thy shoe from off thy foot: for the place whereon thou standest is holy. And Joshua did so." and therefore Daniel 8 has to do with the heavenly sanctuary. [See also here.]

V. The transfer of sin has to be studied in more detail. Many regard the slaying of a sacrifice on an altar and the substitutionary, vicarious death of Christ on calvary as the only instance of transfer of sin. Beyond that they do not appear to consider that the services reveal more pertinent information. So the question to be answered may be, can sin be transferred? If it cannot, then Christ cannot and does not bear our sins. We are then without hope. Christ is the Lamb that bears the sin of the world; he rose as the conquering lion. When the man who brought the sacrifice left the outer court, his burden of sin had been rolled away - selfishness, pride, covetousness, fantasizing (Mt. 5:28), sins of omission (Mt. 23:23; 25:45), deliberate sinning. It had been transferred to something else.

Transferral: In Fact or Symbol?

When Jesus forgives our sins, where do they go? Do they just disappear?

Day by day as we come to Jesus, as in the daily services in the eastern square, and, in sincerity of heart cry to Him for forgiveness, our sins are forgiven and sin has become hateful to us. What happens to those sins? We want to learn to forget to commit those sins of our old life.

In the earthly service, the sins were transferred, in type, to the tabernacle [700].

But in the heavenly service, the sins are transferred, in reality, to the Sanctuary above, Hebr. 9:24. The Bible presents a pattern of the judgment, enquiry, investigation; the verdict ends it; Assurance that those responible are known is ascertained, Gen. 3:8-20; Thus Hebrews 9:24, 26 and 27 provides a conceptual link to Daniel 8:14, for where Christ serves as High Priest there will always be a work of cleansing going on. While Verse 24 tells us that Christ is entered into the heavenly sanctuary, Verse 26 and 27 tells us when it occurred or when it shall occur, "... now once in the end of the world has he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself ... after this the judgment." Paul knew very well that the end of the world was not close to his time for the "man of sin" had not yet been revealed, 2.Thess. 2:3; 1.Jh. 2:18. The apostles were of course eager to see a fulfillment close to their time, but the 2300 day/ years prophecy of Daniel 8:14 was still a closed book to them. No one among them could envision such a long delay beyond their own time. Daniel's long term prophecy was not present truth in the early church. The Book of Revelation had not been written yet when John penned the referenced words in his epistle. The present truth message for today is that Jesus is in the most holy place, and He is about to begin the judgment of the living.

VI. In studying further into the Book of Hebrews a student will have to consider the first and second apartment services and would come face to face with the Ten `Devarim' (Hebrew for Commandments, 10 lines of words as laid out on the stones) law of God inside the `Arch of the Covenant'. The Law of God which is divided in two halves, the first of which reads, "I (will) visit the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me." The second half reads, "And show mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments." Ex. 20:5,6; Rom. 7:10. What does it mean? It means that the gospel which was given to save man from sin, will also be the means of destroying the earth. It is God that shields His creatures and hedges them in from the power of the destroyer. Only the pleading blood of Christ can shield the sinner from receiving the full measure of his guilt. The blood of Christ must never be separated from the lid of the Ark of the Covenant because that is where that blood was sprinkled on the very significant 10th day in the 7th Jewish month (Oct.), Day of Atonement (Le. 16:14,15). Once God removes His protecting care, the lid of the ark, from those who rebelled against His law, His blessings on earth are then withdrawn and all consequences of the broken law result, for Satan has control of all who God does not especially guard.
"A change is wrought which man can never accomplish for himself. It is a supernatural work, bringing a supernatural element into human nature. The soul that is yielded to Christ becomes His own fortress, which He holds in a revolted world, and He intends that no authority shall be known in it but His own. A soul thus kept in possession by the heavenly agencies is impregnable to the assaults of Satan. But unless we do yield ourselves to the control of Christ, we shall be dominated by the wicked one. We must inevitably be under the control of the one or the other of the two great powers that are contending for the supremacy of the world. It is not necessary for us deliberately to choose the service of the kingdom of darkness in order to come under its dominion. We have only to neglect to ally ourselves with the kingdom of light. If we do not co-operate with the heavenly agencies, Satan will take possession of the heart, and will make it his abiding place. The only defense against evil is the indwelling of Christ in the heart through faith in His righteousness. Unless we become vitally connected with God, we can never resist the unhallowed effects of self-love, self-indulgence, and temptation to sin. We may leave off many bad habits, for the time we may part company with Satan; but without a vital connection with God, through the surrender of ourselves to Him moment by moment, we shall be overcome. Without a personal acquaintance with Christ, and a continual communion, we are at the mercy of the enemy, and shall do his bidding in the end." [707]

VII. The two veils also teach important lessons. The Book of Hebrews does not use `veil' merely as a dividing `veil' Illustrating the Sanctuary veils or doorsbetween the two apartments in the sanctuary. The definition of `veil' in Hebrews 9:3 refers to a second `veil', the one before one gets into the second (most holy) apartment while Hebrews 6:19 never mentions the second apartment. By implication then, if there is a second veil there must be a first. On this basis Hebrew 9:3 defines the two veils, Hebrews 6:19 mentions the first veil (singular), the one covering the entrance to the `holy apartment' coming from the altar of burned offerings. Therefore the phrase "within the veil", speaks of that veil - in other words, the priest would be accomplishing his service within two veils, the veil to the Most Holy and the veil to the Holy apartment - that puts the priest in the holy apartment where the 7 branched candlestick stood, the altar of incense, and the Table of Shewbread.[720]

Lesson learned: The Bible teaches a change in Christ's ministry. After His resurrection Christ is represented to be "in heaven" (Lk. 11:2). After he rose He went to sit down at "the right hand" (Hebr. 8:1) of the Father, and lastly we read that He came, "near before" (Dan. 7:13) the Father. This represents a change in the ministry of Christ after His ascension. Hebrews 6:19-20 then says simply, that, when Paul wrote the Book of Hebrews, Jesus had already gone to some place in heaven and that place was within the veil - no more no less. He headed to the main entrance of the sanctuary and went in through that veil to be within the veil - the first apartment to give us free access to the presence of God. It does not say that Jesus went through the first and then the second veil. He lifted only one veil and entered in on the day he began his priestly ministry after His resurrection.

The themes of Hebr. 6:19-9:5 may be summarized as follows:

  • 6:19 . . . Jesus begins his ministration within the veil (Gr. `katapetasmatos')
  • 7:25 . . . Jesus as our high priest
  • 8:1-5 . .. Jesus ministering in the heavenly sanctuary
  • 9:1-5 . .. the heavenly sanctuary has two apartments, the definitions
  • 9:6-7 . .. the earthly priest ministers for a long time in the first apartment and then later, briefly in the second
  • 9:8 . . . . a) with the death of Christ, the earthly sanctuary and its services had no meaning to God: (Mt. 23:38; Lk. 13:35; Mt. 27:51; Mk. 15:38) In other words, entrance into the heavenly sanctuary could not be made until God rejected the earthly sanctuary and its services. b) The probation of the Jewish nation closed 3½ years later at the stoning of Stephen, Daniel 9:25-27.
  • 9:9 . . . . is parenthetical added information that the sacrifices by the earthly priests were greatly inferior to the sacrifice of Christ. "At the time of reformation" (9:10) is when type meets antitype! Once again, Paul hesitates to break the wonderful news until the groundwork is laid for it, and so in 9:11 he repeats the earlier stated truths that Christ is the priest of something much better, and that He is the priest of a greater and most perfect heavenly Sanctuary.
  • Now Paul is ready for the terrific announcement we find in Hebrews 9:12.

    "Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by His own blood He entered in once into the holy place ("hagia"), having obtained eternal redemption for us."

  • 9:12 . . . Christ has entered the first apartment ("hagia") of the heavenly Sanctuary! And two new facts are given to us: (a) He entered it by virtue of His own blood, not animal blood (the priest must minister with blood). (b) Entering it, He has "obtained eternal redemption for us." [750]
  • VIII. The `sitting of Jesus Christ in the Sanctuary' (Hebr. 8:1,2) shows that Christ's functions in the sanctuary are not like those of the earthly priests who were daily on their feet going here and there during the services. Christ is pictured as `sitting' to illustrate that he entered once to mediate his blood and intercede for his people, Hebr. 9:25-28. But it is true, the sanctuary teaches us that we cannot know what Christ is going to do until we know what He has done already.

    Do we need to know about the sanctuary, judgment and all that to be saved? No - but, there is such a thing as bare-bones religion.[754] If a person based his faith on only one biblical principle, lets say on John 3:16, - and he trusts completely in Jesus, living out all he knew about Jesus, he would be saved. That is so, because our salvation is a process, not an event. There are at least three steps involved. These are,

    1. I am saved.
    2. I am being saved, and
    3. I will be saved.
    As to the first point, we may say, `I am saved namely from the guilt and punishment of sin because accepting Christ we are justified by faith as it says, "... He that hears my word, and believes on him that sent me, has everlasting life . . ." (John 5:24) Believing God's Word brings us peace.

    As to the second point, we may say, `I am being saved from the power and slavery of sin - it is an ongoing process. Why? Because being justified by faith changes our status and standing before God but it does not change our sinful nature. [763] We still have tendencies to sin. So what must occur? In a genuine Christian experience, in this time of the cleansing of the sanctuary, we are experiencing a constantly deepening repentance, Eze. 36. The "broken and contrite heart" never becomes completely whole again - like Peter, we have always a tear glistening in our eye as we see ourselves in the light of Calvary. The blessed, heart-humbling experience of the first love is never lost. Subconscious roots of evil selfishness heretofore unknown to us are day by day exposed to view. !!But to indulge today the thought that one is saved, is to render us in fact insensible to the deeper conviction of sinfulness which must come tomorrow, Rom. 3:10-18. The danger to think we are saved can gradually cause us to trust in the assertion rather than the power which brought us to the cross as we find it explained in Revelation. The danger to feel safely saved, this side of heaven, may cause us to think we are secure against temptation. We are not secure in that respect. No Christian is beyond the reach of temptation. We read, "Many shall be purified, and made white, and tried" (Dan. 12:10), but only he who endures the trial receives the crown of life, Lk. 21:36; James 1:12. A person surrendered to Christ realizes that subconscious sins are to be overcome as well as the obvious.

    So we consider our probationary life which is provided by Calvary. Overcoming is a life long battle. Obedience is not a fruit of a salvation already accomplished by Jesus on the cross, it also involves transformation, sanctification, restoration of God's image in us. While we can rejoice in having started on this road, we must have holy living, that U-Turn we wrote about. But also read the article on Adventism vindicated which addresses the issues a bit different, like mentioning our carnal nature, etc., which we have not done. My understanding is that we are in full agreement with the booklet by the Standish brothers.

    As to the third point, we may say, `I will be saved from the nature and presence of sin.' Our human nature is innately sinful. But God gives us His Word to remind us to keep resolutely looking upon Him and His great, free gift of salvation.[770] Jesus did it all. He as our Saviour (Tit. 3:5,6) and Example (Jh. 13:15; 1 Peter 2:21) who died for all already. It is an accomplished mission He completed on the cross. We must believe that we are accepted of Him already and follow Him now, because our sinful nature will not be changed until when? --- until the day of His Second Coming! ... the Blessed Hope.

    The question which should be asked is not so much, `How do I know that Jesus loves me?' We know He does. What the world needs to see is this, that God's people are united by one interest - the desire to have gatherings of truth where God shall be exalted. The truth among all of God's people, the one that really matters, is, that we demonstrate this:

    "I can love you like Jesus loves me." For we know that He loves us to the end.

    What is it that we can expect to happen? What are we looking forward to?

    Since we have been adopted by God already and by faith believe God's promises and admonishens, we look forward to the day we can move in with God. Our whole, live, physical body will be redeemed into heaven, for we are His and not our own by creation and redemption (Rom. 1:20; Hebr. 9:12). What is going to happen to our body?

    When Jesus comes again, the Bible says, He will change our sinful nature and change our body from a corruptible to an incorruptible body.

    Where does it say that?

    "Behold, I show you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory." 1.Corinthians 15:51-54.
    On that day of His Second Coming Death will be conquered and not effect us ever again.

    "For our conversation is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ: Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself." Philippians 3:20,21.
    So - - we learned just now, that our hope is not limited to hopes in this life, but our main hope, the one which makes life worth living, is the one from above - that our bodies will be changed to incorruptible bodies. That will put all doctors, nurses, hospitals and pharmacies out of business - Amen.

    Will that be painful?

    God, who made man, changes us. It is not some surgical intervention. It will be without any ill effects. Only not being changed will be painful.

    The Bible admonishes Christians growing in their faith to study the scriptures daily. Today that may be understood to mean more than just the Bible, today it may also mean issues of creation/evolution, ancient history, so we may be able to answer for the reasons of our faith when asked. May be being able to answer questions of our own children as they grow in understanding. If mom and dad cannot answer their questions, they will find them in places which may not balance replies with faith in God. So, those of us who understand these issues, are aware of the need for addressing today's intellectual challenges. But these ancillary studies ought not to replace Bible study, they are additional work. Christians need to sustain a culture of daily Bible study in their homes and when opportunity arises help the needy if they are serious about their faith.


    This is Righteousness by Faith
    And what is it to believe? Two things, it is to believe that we are accepted of Jesus Christ already, that He died as our sacrifice; that He became the curse for us [796], took our sins upon Himself, and imputed unto us His own righteousness. Therefore we claim this righteousness of Christ (Acts 17:31), we believe it, and it is our righteousness (See here on Jeremiah's message). Secondly, it involves the act of Christ imparting His righteousness to us so we are enabled to live a different life. We may call that "sanctification," or sometimes living holiness which is never forced on man, it is a choice, 1.Peter 1:2.[800]
    The thought that the righteousness of Christ is imputed to us, not because of any merit on our part, but as a free gift from God, is a precious thought. The enemy of God and man is not willing that this truth should be clearly presented; for he knows that if the people receive it fully, his power will be broken. If he can control minds so that doubt and unbelief and darkness shall compose the experience of those who claim to be the children of God, he can overcome them with temptation. {GW 161.1} Righteousness by Faith is more than a doctrine - it is a - way of life, including the conduct and administration of the Church. [R&H, July 1888, p. 7. Written prior to the opening of the GC that year.] Righteousness by faith is not without conditions for we must cooperate with God. In the Bible and writings of EGW it is always presented in the context of obeying the gospel and God's law and how Jesus strengthens us to surrender our will. (See Rom. 1:17,5; 2:13; 3:22,31; Gal. 5:5,6; 6:2; Phil. 3:9,20; Hebr. 11:7; 12:14) God's reverence for liberty demands that sin not be removed unless it is voluntarily relinquished. This is important because we as Adventists have historically denied the idea of a "finished atonement" on the cross because it is not Biblical. Such a theology teaches the involuntary forgiveness and reconciliation of every human being to God at Calvary, whether they like it or not. Reconciliation is not something we accept, it is something we must experience. What was "finished" at the cross was Christ being sacrificed for sin and no more animal sacrifices are needed. - Notice neither the word "atonement" nor "reconciled" are used in Hebrews chapter 10. We find it in chapter 2 as part of His high priestly ministry, which the book of Hebrews repeatedly identifies with His intercession in heaven (Hebrews 4:1-16; 6:19, 20; 7:24-26; 9:11, 12). What is most significant about the earlier passage from Hebrews 10 is that only the sanctified are depicted as saved because of Calvary. Never is the whole world described as being involuntarily saved because of Calvary.
    In order to meet the requirements of the law, our faith must grasp the righteousness of Christ, accepting it as our righteousness. Through union with Christ, through acceptance of His righteousness by faith, we may be qualified to work the works of God, to be colaborers with Christ. If you are willing to drift along with the current of evil, and do not cooperate with the heavenly agencies in restraining transgression in your family, and in the church, in order that everlasting righteousness may be brought in, you do not have faith. Faith works by love and purifies the soul. Through faith the Holy Spirit works in the heart to create holiness therein; but this cannot be done unless the human agent will work with Christ. That is why we are not to forsake the assembling of our fellow believers, Neh. 10:39c. We can be fitted for heaven only through the work of the Holy Spirit upon the heart; for we must have Christ's righteousness as our credentials if we would find access to the Father. In order that we may have the righteousness of Christ (Acts 17:31), we need daily to be transformed by the influence of the Spirit, to be a partaker of the divine nature. It is the work of the Holy Spirit to elevate the taste, to sanctify the heart, to ennoble the whole man. {1SM 374.1}


    This is Justification by Faith
    Being justified by faith simply means personally being made a keeper / doer of the law by faith. What the law cannot do, the grace of God does - it justifies the obedient man or woman. Although the judicial verdict of acquittal for all men was made at the cross (Jh. 12:32,33; Rom. 3:23,24; 5:15-18) , it does not mean it glosses over a man's faults, so that the man is counted righteous, even though he is still wicked [809]; it means anything accomplished on the cross cannot be restricted or denied to anyone because Christ's sacrifice is universal; it means that God makes that man a doer of the law. This shows that there can be no higher state than that of justification by faith. To be justified is the opposite of being condemned, it means such a person is righteous, right with God. It does everything that God can do for a man short of making him immortal, which is done at the resurrection.{Signs of the Times, May 1, 1893}
    Does too much grace then undermine the law? The Apostle Paul says that nothing but the "grace of God" can teach us to "say no to ungodliness, and wordly passions, and to live self-controlled, upright, and godly lives in this present age," Titus 2:11 paraphrased.
    This is Sanctification by Faith
    The Word of God contains the statement, "I am the Lord that do sanctify you" if you observe the Sabbath, Ezekiel 20:12. This is the only true sanctification in the Scriptures -- that which comes from God because of obedience to His commandments. Then we may know that the little companies assembled together to worship the Lord on the day which He has blessed and made holy, have a right to claim the rich blessings of Jehovah for the Lord "giveth, the Lord "taketh", blessed be the name of the Lord, Eccl. 5:18; John 21:13. . He who has declared that His words are spirit and life, should have their faith in strong exercise that the Lord Jesus is an honored guest in their assemblies. "Where two or three are met together in My name, there am I in their midst."(Matt. 18:20). If He is there, it is to enlighten and bless. Therefore as we assemble together, we all have a solemn sense of the presence of God, and know that the angels of God are in the assembly. The messengers of the gospel know by experience its truth, power and excellence. It is the hours of the Sabbath that are sacred and sanctified and holy, and every true worshipper who keeps holy the Sabbath, should claim the promise, "That ye may know I am the Lord that doth sanctify you." (Ex. 31:13). Sabbath keeping does not make holy, the Lord God makes his faithful people holy. {4MR 347.2}
    God's plan for sanctification begins with faith and ends with love. Satan's counterfeit plan begins with self and ends with emotionalism.[830] Satan's plan develops hindrances, obstacles, that prevent the Christian from developing the character of Christ without which they will not receive the outpouring of the Holy Spirit, Jh. 7:39; Eph. 1:13. These characteristics become stronger, thus preventing divine love from being attained to. In its place come deceptive substitutes we call emotionalism which holds millions of people in its spell. To hold people in darkness and impenitence till the mediation of Christ in the Most Holy is accomplished is the object which Satan seeks to accomplish (See also here).

    First an Explanation of some of the Terminology of the Israelite Sanctuary
    There is some confusing, or shall we say for our day and age unusual terminology, even in the Bible, about the Sanctuary. A difference between the holy and most holy is addressed in Ex. 26:33,34. We find that the same word does not always mean the same thing. If you look back in the writings of Moses, then go forward in the Bible and study what it says about the Sanctuary, you will find something interesting. There are two different terminologies in the Old Testament for the two different apartments of the Sanctuary.
    I) In one terminology the tent is called the Tabernacle of the Congregation. In the Bible, that is a name for the first, the Holy Place or apartment, Ex. 29:30.
    II) When the first is called the Tabernacle of the Congregation, then the second apartment is called the Holy Place, Lev. 16:15-17.
    But there is also another terminology;
    1) ... in which the first apartment is called the Holy Place and
    2) ... the second apartment is called either the Holy of Holies or the Most Holy Place, Ex. 26:33,34.
    So when you are reading in the Bible about the Sanctuary, you have to pay attention to which set of terms is being used:
    a) the Tabernacle of the Congregation and the Holy Place or
    b) the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place.

    Luther's calling and the Sanctuary
    Dr. Martin Luther came out of Roman Catholicism where the common people believed in the `doctrine of indulgences'. In fact, Tetzel said, "As soon as the coin hits the bottom of the bucket, the soul will be released from Purgatory."[823] And so they taught a system of indulgences which, actually, they still teach today. If you look in a Roman Catholic Catechism, they still teach and they still believe in the doctrine of indulgences. Therefore, in the Roman Catholic Church, the people believed that when you paid money, the souls of your relatives were released from purgatory. If you paid money, anything could happen. You could have your sins forgiven by paying money. Let us think this through, if you can get your sins forgiven by paying money for a high mass, what is the difference between that and righteousness by works? There is no difference. That is righteousness by works. Now technically, the Roman Catholic theologian would say to you, `Well, no, we really do not believe it that way, we believe that you are saved by grace and the Church dispenses the grace.' Of course, if the church will not dispense the grace unless you pay money, what is the common person going to think? What conclusion is he going to make? Technically they would say, `No, we believe in salvation by grace,' but if you have to pay money to get the grace (except tithe and offerings), the average person on the street cannot tell the difference between that and salvation by works, or righteousness by works. That is what Martin Luther attacked, this idea that you could be saved by works. We must remember that the church is not ourselves, it is the body of Christ.

    The following poem by Hans Sachs gives an idea (of the sway of the gospel - even touching on contrite obedience) of the times:

    Luther teaches that we all
    Are involved in Adam's fall,
    If man beholds himself within,
    He feels the bite and curse of sin.
    When dread, despair, and terror seize,
    Contrite he falls upon his knees.
    Then breaks for him the light of day.
    Then the gospel may have sway.
    Then sees he Christ of God the Son,
    Who for us all things has done.
    The law fulfilled, the debt is paid,
    Death overcome, the curse allayed,
    Hell destroyed, the devil bound,
    Grace for us with God has found.
    Christ, the Lamb, removes all sin.
    By faith alone in Christ we win.
    Our calling - Sanctification by Faith
    Bringing together the meaning of the Hebrew Sanctuary
    So, when the common people were able to obtain and read Bibles in their own language, they could see that the Word of God does not teach anything about indulgences, instead they read that our sins are forgiven by grace alone through faith. That is righteousness by faith (Gal. 5:5). It comes to you through the grace of Christ, but it comes to you, not when you pay money (indulgences) to the church, but when you exercise faith in the Lord.
    When that happens, the sinner is outside of the Sanctuary, in the court; the sacrifice was made outside of the Sanctuary on the altar of burnt offerings and he may say, "Christ our passover is slain for us." [855] The sacrifice was made in this world and when the sinner has faith in Jesus and puts his trust in Jesus, his guilt is taken away. Where does his guilt go? The guilt is transferred to the sacrifice. That is why the lamb had to die. [In the Hebrew language the word sin offering and the word sin is the very same word (`chattath'). You have to look at the context to tell which way to translate it.]
    Paul says, concerning Jesus, that God "... made Him to be sin for us, who knew no sin, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him." (2.Cor. 5:21). -- The Tabernacle surrounded by the Israelite Camp
    What does that mean? When you come to Jesus as your Saviour from sin [860], you confess your sins and you put your trust in Him for our Saviour lives, Job 19:25. Your sin, your guilt, is taken away from you, forgiven, and transferred to Him and His righteousness is taken and transferred to you. -- When you come to Jesus, your sin is transferred to Him. How is it transferred to Him? It is transferred through His blood. Without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness, Hebr. 9:22; Lev. 17:11. -- The guilt of the sin comes into the Sanctuary where the priest would touch the horns of the altar of incense with the blood every morning, Lev. 4:7.[900]
    Pre-planning forgiveness: The evening and morning sacrifices took place by the altar of burnt offerings in the court of the sanctuary and point forward to what Jesus would accomplish on calvary, Lev. 9:17; 2.Ki. 16:15. Their meaning includes that everything is forgiven and we are to forgive others like that, Mark 11:25; Lk. 11:4, for God forgives us to win us back, Rom 2:4, so that we reciprocated the same to our neighbor. It was the gospel, the present truth for Israel up to the time when Jesus died on the cross and for the Christians it was the especial gospel until 1844 and beyond, Tabernacle sanctuary cut away view - Click to printnow in parallel with the gospel that presents Christ's ministry in the Most Holy. Coming to the temple, attending church, means to pre-plan forgiveness of all sins. Pre-planning forgiveness means that we do not nurse anger and admit that people at issue may be innocent, John 9:16,24; Lev. 19:17; 1.John 3:15. The problem of the Jews in condemning Christ was that they set themselves up for the transgression of anger and hate which led their fathers to kill the prophets and which led the Jews to kill Christ. They did not recognize their participation in the spirit of the sins of their fathers even since Cain and thus set themselves up for murder, Rom. 2:1. This is important for the last generation not to harbor such a spirit, Mark 14:29; Eph. 4:32..

    So far we have mentioned in the above paragraph 2 phases of the atonement: confessing sin and forgiveness. The third phase, cleansing, is explained a little later. These three phases are based on the scriptures where it says, "If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness…. My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous." 1.John 1:9; 2:1; Titus 3:4-7; Ps. 51:7-10; Isa. 55:7.

    But some Christians say, `Those Seventh day Adventists do not have any assurance of salvation. They believe that all their sins are written up in heaven.'
    How should we respond to that? We should know that this knowledge on what happens to sins is our greatest comfort and assurance of salvation. Why? Because if our sins are not in the sanctuary in heaven then they are still in us. For it is true that Christ will always be our Saviour first of all, our Example, Advocate (1.Jh.2:1) and High Priest, who diligently goes about the task to save who would be lost. If, however, our sins are in the sanctuary, the Bible teaches, they will be blotted out. This belief teaches us that we do not have to worry if our sins are in the sanctuary covered by His blood, Ex. 29:16; Lev. 16:15; Col. 1:14. We do have to worry if they are not in there covered by His blood. That is why the Bible says, ".. he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for us."
    Hebr. 7:25. The lesson to remember is this, we need to be in perfect harmony with the work being carried on and accomplished in heaven.
    But then other critics had come up in the past saying, How can I have assurance to be saved if I have to wait till my name comes up in the judgment call? Apparently they confuse that with a roll call in grammar school. Such a situation never arises since it all takes place in heaven, "... we must all appear before the judment seat of Christ ...", 2.Cor. 5:10. Is that a literal appearing in our physical body? Reading the previous verses we can tell that the Apostle Paul speaks of it in context in a spiritual sense, saying, "For we walk by faith, not by sight." 2.Cor. 5:7. God does all that, we just are to live our life according to His directions in His word. But we must remember it is only those who appear now before the judgment seat of Christ who will be resurrected in the first resurrection of the just, for that is what this means. It means only those who have cooperated with the Holy Sprit cleansing us from all unrighteousness (sins), will be ready to be judged in the heavenly tribunal, in session since 1844. Therefore, all those who make light of this, and have not gotten ready, have not experienced the transformation of their character by the indwelling of the Holy Spirit to change us, to obtain the glory - the character of Jesus (2.Thess. 2:14) - will not be resurrected until after the Millennium. - Thus the acceptance of this message must take place now (since we don't know how long time will last) while the three angels messages are still being preached. Once that is over, there are no more days of grace left.

    We see from Titus 3:4-7 that it is by being justified by His grace that we are made heirs. We also know from Rom. 3:24,25 that this justification by His grace is through our faith in Christ; but Gal. 3:26 tells us that faith in Christ Jesus makes us children of God; therefore, we know that whoever has been justified by God's grace - has been forgiven - is a child and an heir of God.
    This shows that, in the beginning, there is no ground for the idea that a person must go through a sort of probation, and attain to a certain degree of holiness, before God will accept him as His child. He receives us just as we are. It is not for our goodness that He loves us, but because of our need. God receives us, not for the sake of anything that He sees in us, but for His own sake, and for what He knows that His divine power can make of us. It is only when we realize the wonderful exaltation and holiness of God, and the fact that He comes (think `came') to us, in our sinful and degraded condition, to adopt us into His family, that we can appreciate the force of the apostle's exclamation, "Behold, what manner of love the Father has bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God." 1 John 3:1. Everyone upon whom this honor has been bestowed, will purify himself, even as He is pure. God's kingdom is portrayed as a place where all can mature to their full stature and maturity without defects. [935] All be it, it is God's kingdom on earth still.

    Caiaphas' Influence

    While the Jewish council was at the height of its perplexity, Caiaphas the high priest arose. Caiaphas was a proud and cruel man, overbearing and intolerant. Among his family connections were Sadducees, proud, bold, reckless, full of ambition and cruelty, which they hid under a cloak of pretended righteousness. Caiaphas had studied the prophecies, and although ignorant of their true meaning, he spoke with great authority and assurance: "Ye know nothing at all, nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not." John 11:49,50. Even if Jesus were innocent, urged the high priest, He must be put out of the way. He was troublesome, drawing the people to Himself, and lessening the authority of the rulers. He was only one; it was better that He should die than that the authority of the rulers should be weakened. If the people were to lose confidence in their rulers, the national power would be destroyed. Caiaphas urged that after this miracle the followers of Jesus would likely rise in revolt. The Romans will then come, he said, and will close our temple, and abolish our laws, destroying us as a nation. What is the life of this Galilean worth in comparison with the life of the nation? If He stands in the way of Israel's well-being, is it not doing God a service to remove Him? Better that one man perish than that the whole nation be destroyed.

    In declaring that one man should die for the nation, Caiaphas indicated that he had some knowledge of the prophecies, although it was very limited. - He was condemning One whose death would end the need for types and shadows, whose death was prefigured in every sacrifice made. But the high priest's words meant more than he, or those who were combined with him, knew. By his words he bore testimony that the time had come for the Aaronic priesthood to cease forever. Caiaphas was the one that was to be in office when types and shadow were to meet the reality, when the true High Priest was to come into office. - But John, in his account of this scene, takes up the prophecy, and shows its broad and deep significance. He says, "And not for that nation only, but that also He should gather together in one the children of God that were scattered abroad." John 11:52, for the prophet Isaiah wrote, "And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth." Isa. 49:6. How blindly did the haughty Caiaphas acknowledge the Saviour's mission!

    On the lips of Caiaphas this most precious truth was turned into a lie. The policy he advocated was based on a principle borrowed from heathenism. Among the heathen, the dim consciousness that one was to die for the human race had led to the offering of human sacrifices. So Caiaphas proposed by the sacrifice of Jesus to save the guilty nation, not from transgression, but in transgression, that they might continue in sin. And by his reasoning he thought to silence the remonstrances of those who might dare to say that as yet nothing worthy of death had been found in Jesus.

    At this council Christ's enemies had been deeply convicted. The Holy Spirit had impressed their minds. But Satan strove to gain control of them. He urged upon their notice the grievances they had suffered on account of Christ. How little He had honored their righteousness. He presented a righteousness far greater, which all who would be children of God must possess. Taking no notice of their forms and ceremonies, He had encouraged sinners to go directly to God as a merciful Father, and make known their wants. Thus, in their opinion, He had set aside the priesthood. He had refused to acknowledge the theology of the rabbinical schools. He had exposed the evil practices of the priests, and had irreparably hurt their influence. He had injured the effect of their maxims and traditions, declaring that though they strictly enforced the ritual law, they made void the law of God. All this Satan now brought to their minds. And so we may say that we can find such similar attitudes even today.

    Christ's work was finished (think fulfilled), when He expired on the cross, crying with a loud voice, "It is finished." The way was laid open; the veil was rent in twain; the words "... he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease ..." of Daniel 9:27 were fulfilled. Sinners could approach God without sacrificial offerings, without the service of an earthly priest. Christ Himself was a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek. Ceremonial practices were not necessary anymore, they were abolished, even though there is a future fulfillment in 1844, because the teaching mechanism nature of those practices is no longer needed and Christ would fulfill the day of atonement service only once at the very end of the age. Heaven was His home. He came to this world to reveal the Father. His work on the field of His humiliation and conflict was now done. He ascended up into the heavens, and is forever set down on the right hand of God . . . . {CTr 293.3} ... asking His Father to forgive us, Hebr. 10:12,13,18; 1.John 1:9. This text does not mean to say that Christ will always, forever engage in the priestly ministry; however, He will do those tasks until the objective is fulfilled, the day when He lays down His priestly robes and puts on His royal robes to come again and take His people to heaven. "Lift up your heads, O ye gates; even lift them up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in." Psalm 24:9. "I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world." Jh. 6:51.

    Christ as our mediator in the heavenly sanctuary also means that each believer can pray and be heard of Him directly for we know that `true prayer places man directly in the presence of God.' [955] In other words the prayer of a minister, pastor or friend, while they may be comforting, are not really any more effective than your own, that direct access to Christ for everyone is taught by the veil rending in twain. However, believers may derive great comfort from knowing that others pray for them.

    In God's providence Jesus death on the cross was the fulfillment of the slaying of the paschal lamb on the altar of burnt offerings in the court of the temple in Jerusalem in 31 A.D.; such being the case the Bible implies that every loaf of bread is stamped with His cross (Ex. 29:1-23-24 implied). But in the days of the Patriarchs, when Abraham ". . . stretched forth his hand and took the knife to slay his son ... the angel of the Lord called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham ... lay not thine hand upon the lad ..." (Gen 22:10-12; Lev. 1:4). God had tested the faith of Abraham, but Isaac, the at first intended victim in a small way forshadowing the sacrifice of Christ, `escaped' and in his place God provided "... a ram caught in the thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son." (Gen. 22:13). Similarly, we are told, when Christ called out, "It is finished", the heavy veil between the holy and most holy was rent from top to bottom and both apartments of the sanctuary were revealed through the open doors and the rent curtain to the gaze of the priest performing the annual paschal sacrifice in the court [1000]. The priest was so startled by the noise of the rending of the veil that he lost his grip on the lamb and it escaped like Isaac did as a type of Christ, for on that hill by the city the real sacrifice had died as the fulfillment of the centuries of offerings in the temple services. This rending of the second veil took place on crucifixion day at just the right moment and therefore does not apply to the shut door (or veil), spoken of in the Book of Revelation (Rev. 3:7,8) which was later to be opened and talks about what Christ, as our high priest, does in heaven. In the book of Hebrews and Revelation the symbolism of the veil and doors is retold with the purpose in mind to show the stages of the real priestly ministry of Christ first in the holy and then in the most holy of the heavenly sanctuary of which the earthly, Jewish services were merely a shadow to teach in picture lessons about how God would save the world from sin if they believed. But God's ancient people made these services into forms and customs they did not understand and cared not to inquire about to learn their true meaning from God, Ezekiel 20:3-8; Jer. 29:19; Isa. 30:9; Gal. 4:21.

    Daniel 7:9,10 talks about the Judgment, and it is an Investigative Judgment which takes place in the Sanctuary - that is where the books are opened - and those books contain a record. [1080] -- However, the reformers taught that our sins were transferred to Jesus, that He was our High Priest; that you did not need to go to a human priest, because Jesus was your priest and you could confess your sins directly to Him, [1110]. -- The reformers would quote to the people the text where it said that there is one God and one Mediator between God and man, the man Christ Jesus, 1.Tim. 2:5, who will "confess your name" (Rev. 3:5) before the Father. (In other words, no one stands in person before God in this judgment of Daniel 7. They all appear through their record). They taught, when that happens, my guilt is transferred from me to my Saviour. He bears my guilt through His blood (Lev. 16:15; Rom. 3:25; 5:9; Eph. 1:7; Col. 1:14). My guilt is in the Most Holy Place. The Bible teaches, when you read in Leviticus 16 about the cleansing of the Sanctuary, if you look at verses 16 and 19, you will see that it was because of the sins and the uncleanness and transgression of God's people (Lev. 16:16) that the Sanctuary had to be cleansed of the blood sprinkeled every day by the altar of incence before the veil (or vail), ". . . the priest shall dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle of the blood seven times before the Lord, before the vail of the sanctuary. And the priest shall put some of the blood upon the horns of the altar of sweet incence before the Lord. . .", Lev. 4:2-7, 17, before the veil (see image) that leads into the Most Holy. -- Therefore, let us remember, if there is guilt, if there is sin in the Sanctuary, sin and guilt defiles and makes something unclean. Therefore, it needs to be cleansed. --- In this Sanctuary in heaven, we are told, there are some kind of `books' (Mal. 3:16; 1.Tim. 5:24) which contain exact records - until our sins are blotted out just like the prophet Abraham's and Isaac's (Gen. 22:4,5; Ps. 69:28; 109:13,14; Isa. 44:22; Acts 3:19; 2:38)- those books contain exact records of every sin that we have ever committed. The record of our whole life is in those books. --- In order for the Sanctuary to be cleansed, the guilt has to come out - the sin has to come out - and how is that going to happen?
    This second step of the cleansing of the Sanctuary, please notice it, is the opposite of what happened in the first part of the service. In other words, what happens in the yearly service is the opposite of what happens in the daily service. At the end of the year, the forshaddowed cycles of sacred functions, as they represent the end of the ages, the Day of Atonement takes place, Rev. 15. People who do not understand that say, `Well, you Adventists, you do not believe at all what the reformers taught.' - We do believe what the reformers taught, but we understand that the Sanctuary service has two stages, they only understood the first part (See poem above), they did not understand what the Bible taught about the cleansing of the Sanctuary (Dan. 8:14; Hebr. 9:23).[1220] That was not the present truth yet for 1520. It was present truth in the nineteenth century, 2.Peter 1:12.
    How is the Sanctuary going to be cleansed? Notice, this is the exact opposite of what happens in the first part of the service, and both of these are taught in the New Testament as righteousness by faith. Let us use common language to explain this. In the daily service, the Sanctuary becomes dirtier and dirtier. As more people come and confess their sins and their guilt is transferred into the Sanctuary, it just keeps getting dirtier and dirtier, more and more defiled, Eze. 44:7; Numb. 19:13. -- That is what happens in the daily service - the longer it goes on, the more defiled it becomes. But in the yearly service, something different is going to happen. That which has become dirtier and dirtier is going to be cleansed. How much is it going to be cleansed? It is going to be cleansed to the point where there will not be a single sin, or guilt, or anything defiling left in there.
    Now let us look at this. Sometimes theologians talk about these things with such abstract theoretical terms that nobody can follow. So let us try to present this subject in very simple, concrete terms so that it is easy to understand. In Hebrews, the apostle Paul teaches very clearly that we are to come boldly, he says, unto the throne of grace, Hebr. 4:16. [1500]
    We worship down here in our churches today, but the church on earth and the church in heaven is all one and the same for it is the `body of Christ.' The Bible teaches, while we are down here in the body, we are in heaven in spirit. Paul said one time to the Corinthian Church, `I am absent but in the spirit I am with you." 1.Cor. 5:3.-- Although we are down here in the world, our faith reaches clear up to the Sanctuary in heaven. In fact, our faith reaches clear into the Most Holy Place. -- Let us think this through. God's Church, as you can read in Hebrews 12, is all registered in heaven. God's Church is registered in the Sanctuary. -- If you have professed faith in Jesus, and you are a Christian, your name is in a book. Underneath your name is every single detail, or record, of your life history. Every good deed that you have ever done; every kind and affectionate word you have ever spoken; every tender thought you have ever thought; every act of sympathy and courtesy that you have ever done, is all recorded in that book.
    So here is a record, not only of the good things that men and women have done and thought, but also of the evil, (1. Tim. 5:24; Ex. 32:31,32). -- We remember sin always defiles, therefore there is only one way that this heavenly Sanctuary can be cleansed from the blood that was sprinkled there, but it was sprinkled there only once on the basis of the perfect sacrifice of Christ. In the old covenant the blood was sprinkled every year, but Paul makes it very clear in Hebrews 10 that in the new covenant, the blood is only sprinkled one time at the end of the ages to blot out sin.

    "By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.
    And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:
    But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God;
    From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool.
    For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified." Hebr. 10:10-14; cmpr. 9:24-28.[1510]
    And once that is sprinkled, Paul says, there is no more forgiveness, no more blotting out, that all must take place before as far as the last generation is concerned who will be alive at the Second Coming. That is what is meant by `the close of probation.' In the days of Noah, the seven days he spent inside the ark before the Flood represent the close of probation. During these seven days Noah and the wicked knew not that their future was already fixed. On the outside the people continued their careless, pleasure loving life, steeped in unbelief on what was about to happen. Therefore, that sterling character Noah had must be that of God's endtime people, for the coming of the Lord is like a refiner's fire and who is able to stand? Only those who are spotless ... That is why today's preaching must include these messages of cleansing from all sin. Preaching which leaves out the sanctuary message is not from God. Often preaching is inadequate because speakers leave too many things unexplained especially for young people who want to know exactly how to overcome sin, how to get started on that, why some music is not appropriate in church, or anywhere. That must mean that ministers do not do their homework. They do not get feedback from their members (all ages) because they keep themselves aloof. They are too reserved and do not open themselves up to the sheep in their church. That is what I was told by young people. [However, some do so because of bad experiences. Lesson: Keep trying anyway.] We must hear messages which present (a) the spiritual law of God, study (Hebr. "lahag" Eccl. 12:12) of the Bible, which leads people to see their sinfulness in the light of God's holiness, (b) truths which present Calvary so the sinner can comprehend the pain and suffering that sin brought upon Jesus, (c) as a result there will be a great hunger and thirst for holiness and the heart is changed and transformed, (d) sinners realize now how horrendous sin really is and they repent, confess and are willing to turn away from all sin - before probation closes, (e) a life of holy and loving obedience to God's law and a life of sacrificial service through the Holy Spirit invigorates the end time people, (f) and results in a life of peace and joy.

    Dear reader, do not think that is too hard, do not think `I can't do it,' prepare yourself as the astronauts give it their all for the task at hand. Engage yourself as if for the Olympics. All of us with the promised help of the Holy Spirit can do it. Elder Loughborough counted all the promises in the Bible. He counted 3573 promises or cluster of promises. He read the OT 69 times and the NT 70 times. With all the divine assistance we are promised as Paul was, just do it, but salvation is all of God as demonstrated by Jacob's ladder, (Gen. 28:12-15; Jh. 1:51; SC p. 20). With Jesus in our heart, we abide in Him and in cooperation with the Holy Spirit He does it all for us. Now we cease looking upon ourselves, dwell in our thoughts on us and our needs and look up only to Jesus, Rev. 7:15. It is the best decision you ever made.[1600]

    But this man (Christ Jesus), after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God asking His Father to forgive us; From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool. . . . Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin." Hebr. 10:12,13,18; 1.John 1:9.
    Christ "sat down", ready to come again when `his enemies be made his footstool.' As our High Priest Christ is represented as accomplishing priestly services in the heavenly sanctuary. That would mean, He is continually on His feet ministering in that function. But eventually the atonement service in the Most Holy is finished and verse 12 highlights that moment when the `remission', the `pardoning', is accomplished and Christ sits down on the right hand of God until the moment He and all the angels descend to earth to end the reign of sin. That may be the period of the third watch (see `watch') since it is just before Christ comes again. This time span of our High Priest finishing the intercessory service until he comes again, we are without a mediator. That time is coming.

    Once our sins are blotted out, they will not be blotted out twice. They will only be blotted out once.

    "And Aaron shall make an atonement upon the horns of it once in a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements: once in the year shall he make atonement upon it throughout your generations: it is most holy unto the Lord." Exodus 30:10.
    In the shadowy service of the earthly sanctuary the cleansing of the Most Holy apartment of the sanctuary took place once a year.

    "And this shall be an everlasting statute unto you, to make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year. And he did as the Lord commanded Moses." Lev. 16:34.

    "For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself." Hebr. 9:26.

    That will be it. There will not be any more forgiveness; there will not be any more plan of salvation, (probation is over as shown by Rev. 8:3-5)[1710]. Once that is done, once this blood is sprinkled, at the end of the ages, the plan of salvation is over. It is only done one time. -- If that is the case, if the Sanctuary is going to be cleansed - just cleansed once at the end of the ages as Paul says. The work of salvation that began with great power must be finished with the great power of God so that "the mystery of God should be finished." (Rev. 10:7). That is the reason why the messages of the three angels are so important for they are the last messages given to the world before Jesus comes again. Then the temple will be closed; which means that everyone will have made their decision and there are not more days of grace after that. Where is that found in the Bible? We read, "And after these things I looked, and behold, the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened (Ex. 32:15,16). And out of the temple came the seven angels having the seven plagues, clothed in pure bright linen, and having their chests girded with golden bands." Rev. 15:5,6; "they come ... they come"; Ex. 28:42,43; Mk. 11:15,27.

    Are these angels going to pour out the wrath of God? Yes, they are.

    Has the world been divided into two groups? Yes. (I- Rev. 12:17; II- 13:12; Mt. 25:31,32; Rev. 20:11-13).[1714]

    "Then one of the four living creatures gave to the seven angels seven bowls full of the wrath of God who lives for ever and ever. And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from His power, and no one was able to enter the temple till the seven plagues of the seven angels were completed." Rev. 15:7,8.

    Now we still can enter the temple a little while longer to find grace in the time of need. We still can claim Jesus as our intercessor, as our great High Priest. But here in Revelation 15 we are told that after the third angel's message, the temple will be filled with smoke and no one can go in to claim Jesus as the intercessor, probation is over, because the messages of the three angels will have been proclaimed. The "go ye into all the world" is then done; and notice it says, "go ye", It does not say that they will be coming back. Some may die proclaiming these messages in far off or in difficult places, so we must continually pray for the gospel workers.

    The blood is sprinkled in the Most Holy Place, and as soon as Jesus is through sprinkling this blood, what does He do? -- He comes out of the Most Holy Place, sits down with the Father for a period of time and we are going to see Him in a very few days in the clouds of heaven. Let us think this through in concrete terms.
    My name and your name is in the Most Holy Place. Below our name there is the record of every sin we have ever committed. Now, if this Sanctuary is going to be cleansed, there are only two ways that this can happen.

    1) Here is the way that we do not want it to happen. There is the record of my name and all my sins, and as long as the record of all my sins is in the Sanctuary, it is defiled. So one way that the Sanctuary can be cleansed is by just tearing out my page. God can just take it out, tear out my page, take my name out. My name is not in the book any more. That is one way the Sanctuary can be cleansed. You see, the Sanctuary is going to be cleansed of all sin. Whether we overcome or not, the Sanctuary is going to be cleansed of sin. (Neh. 4:4,5; Ps. 69:26,28; 109:13,14)
    2) The other way, the way that we want it to happen, is that our name is retained in the book, but our sins are blotted out, Acts 3:19; Isa. 44:22; Rev. 3:5. So now your name is in the book (of life Phil. 4:3) and there is no sin there (Mt. 10:32; Lk. 11:8), and your name does not pollute or defile God's Sanctuary any more. -- Of course, it would not do any good to blot out your sins if you sinned again the next day. Does that make sense? Would it do any good to blot out my sins if I sin the next day? It would not do any good at all. The plan of salvation would have failed. So, before your sins can be blotted out, you must have an experience in living without sin, or overcoming sin, Jh. 8:11.[1720]

    ". . . And Jesus said unto her, . . . Go, and sin no more." John 8:11.

    That is why we are preaching so much about the necessity of overcoming sin, because we are living in the time, friends, when this is actually going to happen, and it is only going to happen once, Hebr. 9:26,28. One of two things is going to happen - either your sins are going to be blotted out (of the books of record), or your name is going to be blotted out (of the book of life). You see, God's goal for you and me is not clean books in heaven, but clean hearts here on earth which of course will mean clean books in heaven. That is also how we may obtain the grace of God, we obtain it by going into our closet and pray, "Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me." Be in earnest, be sincere. Fervent prayer availeth much. Jacoblike, wrestle in prayer. Agonize. Jesus, in the garden, sweat great drops of blood; you must make an effort. Do not leave your closet until you feel strong in God; then watch, and just as long as you watch and pray you can keep these evil besetments under control, and the grace of God can and will appear in you.

    Here is another place where this is taught in the Bible - see Revelation 3:5, 20. It says the one who conquers, the one who overcomes, this one will be clothed in white garments and I will most certainly not blot his name out of the Book of Life and "I will confess his name before My Father and before His angels." - Yet, often times we may wonder why he or she has not been an overcomer in his or her life, but such an individual needs to understand that it is a looking away from self that is needed to be done constantly. Thus such a person has to constantly look to Christ for strength to stay on the Christian pathway.[1844] This is due to the fact that only Christ's merits can truly justify us. His merits make up for our deficiencies. Having accepted Christ in our life, the Bible says, Christ overcame where Adam failed, His righteousness covers us and our name is in the Book of Life and we can "come boldly unto the throne of grace," Hebr. 4:15,16. This is the same throne which is referred to in Rev. 3:20 and which was symbolized in the sanctuary by the ark of the covenant ( , `eron', ark), topped by the mercy seat. So we see that the sanctuary message of atonement has something in common with God's message for Laodicea, namely His very throne. That is also the reason why Laodicea is being critically examined in love, judged by the record books in heaven, for they represent the church which will see Jesus come again. They have more light with respect to Bible truth than any other church before them and are for that reason held to a higher standard. God's message to the star or angel of Laodicea, is primarily God's message for its human leaders. (cmpr. Rev. 1:20; GW 13.2) Today especially we must remember "ye shall know them by their fruits." Mt. 7:16-20. The letters to the seven churches were addressed to the leadership of those churches, they are called to take stock of their doings and come to terms that true repentance (like those repented in Niniveh and Israel) will help them to get back in tune with God - leave their state of being lukewarm. Studying this we realize that a verse John wrote is translated as writing, "Behold, I stand at the door and knock, if any man hear my voice, and open the door . . ." (Rev. 3:20), when it really should say, "Behold, I stand at the door and knock, if certain men hear my voice . . .", for the Greek word "tis" means not only `any man' but also `a certain man,' (namely the leader(s) of the church, who received the letter), as it is translated in Mark 14:51. Context wise it is a fitting rendition for Rev. 3:20 too. Who is the certain one? Well, its the leaders. However, it is not their achievements which are in question; but when He compares the extent of His sacrificial devotion with the meagerness of our heart-response, He is acutely embarrassed before the watching universe. Is it hard for us (for we all lead something somewhere), to imagine how painful this is for Him? [That is why reading this sermon on God's amazing grace is very timely. You will not be disappointed.]
    Let us remember this, Jesus says, If you overcome; if you overcome the world, the flesh and the devil; if you overcome, then your name will not be blotted out, your sins will be blotted out, John 16:33; Rom. 12:21; 1.Jh. 2:13,14; Rev. 17:14; Isa. 44:22; Acts 3:19. With respect to the devil we have to remember that he and his agents make no difference between righteousness and sin, that is to say, listen to your spiritual counselor if they preach the truth and flee from them if not. [Study Malachi 2:17b; Isaiah 5:20; Prov. 23:23.]

    This `blotting out of sin', the hating of sin but not the sinner, is exactly what the reformers did not understand, and that is why, when somebody looks at the doctrine of righteousness by faith, they say, `Well, you do not teach what the reformers taught.' -- No, we do not. The reformers only taught that which had to do with the daily service. There was nothing wrong with that, but that is just a part of the plan. After the daily service, eventually there has to be a yearly service to cleanse the Sanctuary and to remove the sins and to remove all defilement.
    Remember, it is true that the yearly service does do something that is just the opposite from the daily service, because in the daily service, the defilement is constantly getting greater, but in the yearly service the defilement is going to be totally removed.
    Now, friends, this is the truth that God has committed to Seventh-day Adventists, which the rest of the Christian world does not understand. This is why the devil has contrived to have us called cults and every kind of other name imaginable of a hated sect [2000], because the devil hates the truth of the Sanctuary that God is going to deliver His people totally and completely from sin. The devil has persuaded the majority of other churches that pardon is all there is. There are a few `other' churches or congregations that understand Sanctification very similar to us, but not very many. Studying doctrines of some churches reveals missing verses, chapters and themes in their understanding of Bible truth. They do not teach all the Bible.[2005]

    Overcoming Sin Preaching

    The devil has persuaded people that they can be saved in sin and that they will just go on sinning and confessing their sins all of their lives and they lose totally sight of the Bible teaching that we are to overcome sin, 2.Peter 3:10-14. Now the doctrine of overcoming sin, my friends, is not something that was to be confined to the last generation.
    We understand it, perhaps more clearly today than it was understood in past ages, but if you read what Paul wrote to the Romans, or what he wrote to the Galatians - when the apostle Paul writes about righteousness by faith (Gal. 5:5), he always writes also about the necessity of overcoming sin. Our cooperation is part of it. Read Romans 6, Romans 8, Romans 12, Romans 9 and 10, Galatians 5 or 6, and you cannot miss it, Jh. 5:4, 5; Rev. 2:7, 11, 17, 26; 3:12, 21; 21:7. For Luther, "the center was the affirmation of the forgiveness of sins through the unmerited grace of God made possible by the cross of Christ, which reconciled justice and mercy, routed the hosts of hell, triumphed over sin and death, and by the resurrection manifested that power which enables man to die to sin and rise to newness of life. This was of course the theology of Paul, heightened, intensified, and clarified. Beyond these cardinal tenets Luther was never to go." {Roland Bainton, Here I Stand, 1950, p. 68.}
    We have no argument with the reformers, but our salvation involves more than they understood. (Check here for more on reformation history). It involves not only obtaining a pardon, being justified, it involves a transformation of life where the Holy Spirit gives you the power to overcome. As the Holy Spirit gives you the power to overcome, you can come to the place where the Lord can look down upon you, and He can say, This person is now, through the power of the Holy Spirit, living without sin and I am going to be able to blot out his sins for in heaven there will be no more situations where we seek Christ to say, `Pardon me, for having done wrong.'[2200]
    The whole record is going to be blotted out. The whole record of sin is going to be blotted out.
    This probably is also the time when the enigmatic vision of John the Revelator, as we find it described in Revelation 15:5-8, fits in. And we remember that the final events, as portrayed in the Bible, are brought about not by what atheism or paganism is doing, but what is being done among Christian denominations and to other Christians. The preaching of the three angels messages is closely tied to the preaching of the sanctuary and the Day of Atonement. On that note, it appears Revelation 15:5ff tells us that the law of God will be displayed by divine power in a way that all mankind will know it just before the seven last plagues are being poured out or brought on by Satan after Christ finishes His mediatorial service in the Most Holy and takes His seat at the right hand of God (Hebr. 10:12; Rev. 14:9,10), asking His Father to forgive us. Therefore, we must not forget the words of Christ where He says, `The Father Himself loves you.' [2205] We learned already that the spiritual aspects of the seven last plagues is primarily hate, Ex. 20:5.
    And, my friend, when you get to heaven - this to me is one of the most marvelous and amazing things about the character of God - throughout eternity, God is never going to hold up your sins before you! He is not going to do it! But know that "... all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do." Hebr. 4:13.
    He is not going to parade your sins out for other people to look at; He is not going to embarrass you by all the sinful things that you have done; He is going to have blotted it out. It is all taken care of, it is all finished.
    When we talk about this subject, and we show that righteousness by faith involves not only the first part, but the second part, people cannot believe it.
    One of the things that happens in our generation is that we are living in a pessimistic age. Since the development of the atomic bomb, the world has become very pessimistic. The world was optimistic until about World War I. People used to say, `We are getting better and better.' They are not saying that any more.
    We have just the opposite problem in our day. We have people who, just as soon as you teach that you can overcome sin and they are in bondage to some sinful habit that they have tried a thousand times to overcome and they cannot, they say, in effect, `I guess I will have to be lost.' Sometimes people are still worried about all the sins committed even after they prayed for forgiveness. It is Satan who uses fear and bondage as his leverage to keep us being sinners. But our physical and spiritual life are one (Rom. 8:13-15); they are not separate. After we pray for forgiveness we must believe by faith that we are cleansed and out of thankfulness to God and appreciation of so great a salvation, live that `clean' life and abstain from sin. Christ promised, "He will never leave you nor forsake you," Hebr. 13:5. You must believe that, come back to Him and remain in Him - always. God always cares for the weakest of His children. Those who have come through chastening, through fire and trials, how can they be recognized? Well, many don't want to pass through such experiences. They are afraid. Do fiery trials in the end time hurt? Not more than they hurt the three friends of Daniel. They can be recognized by noticing that they have lost quite a bit of individual harshness, their apparent go-aheadness for God. Instead they acquired something else, the exquisite beauty of the love of Jesus for the flowers, the birds, those steeped in sin desiring to be free. Where is the balance? that we notice more the unnoticed all around us before we get to work, so we will not leave any out. So pastors, elders, members, look out for the unnoticed and greet them before you greet each other. If you are one of the unnoticed, be patient, many do not know what they do. Work for your fellows. God's creation in the natural world, like the lilies of the field, is unconscious of its growing. What stands out is they are implicit, they are fairly to be understood, they are not expressed, they are unaffected. They are not explicit, distinct and clear, with all elements apparent. In the Christian life the implicit is never conscious; if it becomes conscious, it ceases to have the unaffected loveliness that was characteristic of the life of Jesus. We seek purity, not prudery. Prudery is the outcome of obedience to a principal, whereas, according to the Word of God, purity is the outcome of an implicit relationship, Mt. 18:3.
    Romans 4:6-20 teaches that trusting in God can save you and me. `Just trust and obey, there is no other way to be happy in Jesus.' Develop this trust and he can save you from all dependencies you now have, from eating unhealthily [2300], alcohol, tobacco and all these habits one can have. Jesus can make you clean. But remember, it says, `Trust and obey,' Psalm 31. For those who trust and obey, God's Word in many places and also through the Most Holy, the crown of gold surrounding the Ark of the Covenant represents the fulfillment of God's reward for the faithful flock - they shall receive a crown of gold for every overcomer, Rev. 2:10; 3:11; Rom. 8:30; Mt. 25:34. This is the path to the throne of God. '[2340]

    The Path to The Throne of God

    The event of sin in the universe of God in the end will result in such a great abhorrence of sin, that the inhabitants of all the worlds of God will never revert to it again, and the universe will be clean. To show that such an end result is true, God established the sanctuary. The jealousy and covetousness and the ensuing breaking of the law of God originating with Satan, will one day be of the past and be forgotten and peace and safety will reign in heaven about the throne of God. However, meanwhile, how can sinful man be reinstated in the perfect government of God? By afflicting himself to discover all the sinful tendencies and confessing his guilt and going into the court where the brazen altar stood - a symbol of the kingdom of God - and offering the innocent lamb, so that its blood would cleanse the sinner from his guilt and begin the path of restitution.

    From the court and altar then the priest entered the holy room of the sanctuary of sanctification and the power of God, and once a year into the Most Holy room, the glorification room, "For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe." 1.Thess. 2:13.

    In the Bible we find the path delineated in a series of scriptures. We read,

    "So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee." Hebr. 5:5.

    He who said that, also said this about Christ creating man,

    "But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him? Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands." Hebr. 2:6,7.

    What are we getting at?

    We are getting at the how the purposes of God for fallen man will be to restore once again to the glory and honour which he had lost because of sin.

    How can that be?

    "He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all . . . It is God that justifieth." because "... It is Christ that died, ... that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us." Rom. 8:32-34.

    What does that mean for us?

    It means God's faithful people will not only have victory over sin, they will reach a step higher, they will be conquerors, because Christ made it all possible, Rev. 6:2.

    These further gifts of God come into view in the sanctuary. And as we said before, salvation is not completed at the brazen altar, symbol for the cross, but it includes

    1. justification, our title for heaven, and
    2. sanctification, our fitness for heaven.

    Since Christ "... was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification" (Rom. 4:25) we have hope.

    To make sinful man holy, the plan of salvation included to give us transforming power over our body before glorification, for it says, "If Christ is not risen, your faith is in vain, you are still in your sins." (1.Cor. 15:17)

    But then we learn what the redeemed of God will receive in the end, "... the glory which thou (the Father) gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one; I in them, and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one; and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and has loved them, as thou hast loved me. - Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me ..." .. "O, Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was." .

    What Had Happened to Adam and Eve when they Sinned?

    Again, how can we ever reach such a state of glorification?

    We must form our character - be master over our thoughts and feelings by controlling them. "Even the thoughts must be brought into subjection to the will of God, and the feelings under the control of reason and religion. Our imagination was not given us to be allowed to run riot and have its own way, without any effort at restraint and discipline. If the thoughts are wrong, the feelings will be wrong; and the thoughts and feelings combined make up the moral character." - "Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ." [HP 164.2; 2.Cor. 10:5]

    Jesus was glorified so we too can be glorified according to what He wants to give us. We ought to know that `good sense makes one slow to anger, and it is his glory to overlook an offense.' Proverbs 19:11. That means, we forgive everything like we want to be forgiven.

    So we realize that we live today in the grandest era of world history, the time when the plan of salvation is to be concluded with victory for Christ for we read, "But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come . . . For if the blood of bulls . . . sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh: How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? And for this cause he is the mediator . . . that by means of . . . the redemption of the transgressions . . . (we) . . . might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. - It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. For Christ is ... entered into . . . heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for . . . them that look for him . . . unto salvation." Please read it in full in Hebr. 9:11-15, 23-28. [2400] This great salvation is ours as God brings up sins to us we never thought of before, because that shows He is going down to the depths and He will reach bottom at last and when He finds the last thing that is unclean or impure, out of harmony with His will, He brings that up and shows it to us and we say, "I would rather have the Lord than that." When that happens the work is complete and the seal of the living God can be fixed upon that character. The difference - if the sealing takes place at the beginning (Eph. 1:13) or end of the Christian life (Rev. 7:3) - is also important as it relates to a courtyard statement or a Most Holy Place statement. Similarlily, the word "salvation" can mean: saved from my past at justification through the righteousness of Christ, or saved forever on my personal day of atonement in the future - or the process between both times. Because we cannot understand our own hearts, God digs deep to remove all stains of sin from us. He tries our conscience and brings up the last vestiges of wickedness so we can surrender all to Him and His sanctuary can be cleansed forever. - We may understand now that the erasing of sin is the beginning of the blotting of it from our natures, the hating of sin, so that we shall know it no more as God's worshipping people are purged just once, Hebr. 10:2,3. Sin will be gone. It is removed from consciousness. Even though we may remember certain sins, we have forgotten the sin itself - we do not think of doing it any more. This is the work of Christ in the Most Holy of the Sanctuary in Heaven immediately before the Second Coming of Christ - it coincides with the complete cleansing of the people of God on this earth to prepare them for translation when the Lord comes so His great, exceeding glory will not destroy them but be a benevolent light to His people.[2430] Thus the first death (sin) is destroyed during the time of the investigative judgment and evidenced when people rise up at His Appearing, since they were judged faithful and worthy. That means the saints sins are cleansed, the removal of sins from the heavenly records, from God's mind and from your mind, covered by His blood, pardoned, forgiven and blotted out, as your name remains in the Book of Life and death has no more legal right over you and "He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still.", Rev. 22:11 is fulfilled, which means that they who died since the presentation of the first angels message (since 1844) and those who died in Christ throughout the ages must be resurrected first for the Bible says, "Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power..." Rev. 20:6. And this fulfills, ". . . this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory. . . .we shall all be changed, In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye." 1.Cor. 15:54,51,52. - The resurrected saints have victory because while still alive, sin was removed from their mind.

    Explaining Galatians 3:19,20.

    Another question asked sometimes is, `How are we to understand Galatians 3:19,20?'

    These two verses have not been clear for many Bible readers and we must tread softly. The writer would just like to present his understanding at this time followed by what Ellen White wrote.

    In the following scripture Paul differentiates between the two sets of laws as follows,

    "Wherefore then serves the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. Now a mediator is not [a mediator] of one, but Christ is one." Gal. 3:19,20.

    One can speak only of a mediator if there are at least two parties, problems or situations to be reconciled. If we take the position that the contrast here is between the promise of God made to Abraham and the Law of Moses, and, Nuweiba Red Sea Crossing point and Horeb/Dschebel al Lawz, Mt. Sinai, in Focus because the Law was never kept, the blessings were never received to the fullest, we might have a plausible explanation. On the other hand we might understand Verse 20 to mean that the Law of God was given and written on stone by God Himself on Mt. Sinai, whereas the Mosaic Law, the social, ceremonial and health laws, were given by God to Moses - two mediators, God and Moses in this case. Aaron was the mediator (atonement maker) in the sanctuary pitched by Moses on earth, and Jesus ministers in the sanctuary pitched in heaven, Lev. 16:33; Hebr. 8:1,2. As we read in 1.Tim. 2:5 the words which so impressed the reformers, we understand that God Father and Christ Jesus are one. Christ is both, God and man, he represents God to man and man to God, 2.Cor. 5:19; Acts 4:12. God gave those laws and had Moses write them in a book to be added to the Ark of the Testimony or Covenant in a side pocket (Dt. 31:26). Therefore we ask, the law entrusted into the hand of a mediator, not written by God Himself, which law is that characteristic of? Would it not more likely refer to the ordinances and bylaws and additional laws to regulate the services in the sanctuary, the laws addressing social issues and how to live healthy?

    The only Spirit of Prophecy statement found says,

    "The law given upon Sinai was the enunciation of the principle of love, a revelation to earth of the law of heaven. It was ordained in the hand of a Mediator--spoken by Him through whose power the hearts of men could be brought into harmony with its principles. God had revealed the purpose of the law when He declared to Israel, `Ye shall be holy men unto me' (Exodus 22:31)." {RC 67.4}
    But Israel had not perceived the spiritual nature of the law, and too often their professed obedience was but an observance of forms and ceremonies, rather than a surrender of the heart to the sovereignty of love. As Jesus in His character and work represented to men the holy, benevolent, and paternal attributes of God, and presented the worthlessness of mere ceremonial obedience, the Jewish leaders did not receive or understand His words. They thought that He dwelt too lightly upon the requirements of the law; and when He set before them the very truths that were the soul of their divinely appointed service, they, looking only at the external, accused Him of seeking to overthrow it. {RC 67.5}
    The words of Christ, though calmly spoken, were uttered with an earnestness and power that stirred the hearts of the people. . . . They `were astonished at his teaching: for he taught them as one having authority, and not as their scribes' (Matthew 7:28, 29, R.V.). The Pharisees noted the vast difference between their manner of instruction and that of Christ. They saw that the majesty and purity and beauty of the truth, with its deep and gentle influence, was taking firm hold upon many minds. The Saviour's divine love and tenderness drew the hearts of men to Him. . . . {RC 67.6}[2455]
    The Saviour said nothing to unsettle faith in the religion and institutions that had been given through Moses; for every ray of divine light that Israel's great leader communicated to his people was received from Christ. While many are saying in their hearts that He has come to do away with the law, Jesus in unmistakable language reveals His attitude toward the divine statutes. `Think not,' He said, `that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets.'"
    [Thoughts From the Mount of Blessing, pp. 45-48.] {RC 67.7}

    The bold print sentence seems to support what was suggested above that the ceremonial laws, the institutions, were given by Christ through Moses, the prophet, pastor or mediator between God and Israel. Thus a prophet is the means how God spoke to people (Haggai 1:1), while a priest was the means how people can speak to God (Hebr. 2:17).

    Justified by Grace

    How are we justified? We are justified, not by faith but by grace through faith, Eph. 2:8. We were saved before we had faith. It is our faith that grabs hold of this hope inspiring fact of our so great a salvation through Christ, and makes it come true in our own personal experience, Rom. 3:23,24. And so we take the words of Jesus seriously where He says, "Let these sayings (vers 22ff) sink down into your ears." Lk. 9:44.

    The truth is, we, "all" of us are "just", "justified." The entire human race has been justified. This ought to heal depression, despair, low self-respect. Believe it, and hold your head high from now on. How did this happen?

    "All" were justified "freely." It did not cost anyone anything. Christ paid it all. That means we can stop worrying if God has accepted us or not, He has - "all" of us, already. Come into His presence for you are already adopted into His family "in Christ." That is so, because such people have accepted God's condition of salvation, to live henceforth in obedience to all that God commands, Rom. 2:13b.

    "All" are justified "by His grace." Did you notice that the word `faith' has not shown up (in a Bible study used)? Why? Because your faith, or the lack of it, has nothing to do with Christ loving His own and having given His life for you, justifying you by His sacrifice - please remember that "grace" is not for good people but for those who do not deserve it. "To him who works, the wages are not counted as grace but as debt. But to him who does not work but believes on Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness." (Rom. 4:4,5; John 13:1) This accomplishment redeems everyone "in Christ Jesus."

    Are we saying, all this is given free to bad people? - Yes, the Bible says, to "all." If "... your Father in heaven ... makes His sun rise on the just and on the unjust" (Mt. 5:45), it must include bad people. That has to be the meaning of grace.

  • When the Father sent His Son into the world, He was given specific instructions that it was His assignment to "save the world" for He says, "I did not come to judge the world but to save the world, ... to give [My] life a ransom for many." (Jh. 12:47; Mt. 20:28)

  • And when He was about to die He prayed, "I have finished the work which You have given Me to do." (Jh. 17:4)

  • This the Samaritans of the village of Sychar realized because they said, "We ... know that this is indeed the Christ, the Savior of the world." (Jh. 4:42; 1.Tim 4:10) They got the right idea - Jesus is not only the Savior of the Jews or of a handful of Gentiles who believe and obey, but He is everbody's Savior - the Savior for all people on all continents! That is why we have missionaries. [2472]

  • When Jesus died in our place, He actually died as us. "You are completely in Him, who is the head of all principality and power." (Col. 2:10) You died "in Him," were resurrected "in Him," and will live eternally "in Him." (Rom. 6:3-6; 8:9; Eph. 1:3-12)

  • Jesus will not force anyone to be saved against their will. You can say "No" and forfeit your birthright, (Gen. 25:29-33). Many people will decide this way. But the "birthright" has been yours because you are a member of the human race. You are not an exception. Are you a sinner? You are the reason why He came to accomplish His mission to have you redeemed. It is a gift of heaven. That is what the word "grace" means, and it is given "freely" to God's faithful people.

  • Isn't there something that I must do? Yes, of course. Something big and very important: you must believe this Good News that you have read and heard and let it move your soul, your mind and body, "For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life." (Jh. 3:16) That is why the man with the possessed child said, "Lord, I believe; help thou mine unbelief," Mk. 9:24. God has taken the initiative; He has loved; He has given; He heals. Accept that He has loved you always and believe His great salvation.

    A Recapitulation

    When you are filling your mind with the Word of God you are putting yourself in touch with God Himself. Salvation comes from believing His word - how it teaches the great subjects of salvation; and so it is no wonder and it helps to always keep the sacrificial system in mind for it started in Genesis 3:15 and went from there to Cain and Abel, bringing offerings to the divinely ordained tabernacle services instituted at Sinai, and all the way to 31 A.D.[2490] It helps to recognize these threefold services (expanding a bit more) represented in the Jewish Temple and how they would picture what Christ would do in the heavenly "... till all be fulfilled" (Mt. 5:18; Lk. 24:44).

    1. The services pertaining to the altar (a) of burnt offerings in the forecourt,
    2. The services pertaining to the services in the Holy apartment (b) of the Temple, and
    3. the services pertaining to the Most Holy (c) apartment in the temple.

    All these prefigure what Christ would do. He would die on the cross and thus fulfill the forecourt services. After His ascension He would begin His priestly services in the holy The cross and its shadow reaching out to Eden to the Jewish temple services and the Cross. apartment of the heavenly sanctuary and at a certain point in time, close the door to the holy, put on His High Priestly robes, open the door to the Most Holy and judgment would sit and God's law exalted and divine truths revealed by means of the `three angels messages' and then the end would come, Rev. 14:14ff; Mk. 4:29; Mt. 13:39. In Matthew 28:20 we read that the end of the world would be when all of the world heard the gospel, Hallelujah. Only recently I heard ministers involved in world wide missions say that they think that the gospel is heard all around the world in our very days. Dear reader, do not hesitate. Make sure of your salvation and that of your family and friends, Hebr. 6:11.
    The important message to remember is that each of these three aspects of the temple complex teach important lessons. The first point made shows how God taught his representative people how the blood of Christ would cleanse from sins. For the people, their eyes were to be fastened on how priests performed the services and what they meant - it was the present truth for their time. The second point is meant for us to follow Jesus from the cross to His service in the holy apartment - this was the present truth for the time from the cross to the reformation and beyond to the next point, 1844.[2540] The third point is meant to direct the eyes of people to Christ and how he closes the door to the holy, opens the door to the most holy in order to reveal truths revealed in there to ready His people for His Second Coming. This is present truth for our time. - Therefore, the important message for us is, to keep our eyes on Jesus and follow Him to where He goes.[2545] Remaining behind prevents us from learning the truths He is trying to teach in each of these 3 stages. Not keeping our eyes on where Jesus is, means, our understanding of His work becomes unclear and darkness prevails as to understanding Bible truths, thus opening us up for Satan's devices. While we are not trying to minimize any of the stages, and their is a degree of back and forth between them, our mind must be directed to present truth which is intended to get a people ready for the climax of all history. Yet, at the same time, many are in their delaying still like Lot; and in their being unable to break with the comforts of Sodom, like his wife. In their desires and aspirations they are still too much a part of the world, instead of those, who desire to live a deeper spiritual life for we know very well, in this end time run, we must be wholly consecrated unto God.

    So are those critics right who say, this is the hard God of fundamentalism? Does the Bible doctrine of the investigative judgment make God into a hard official? No, not at all. That was Satan's lie, that God is hard to please. It is Satan who is hard The tabernacle spacial messageto please for he is a constantly negative force for his future is death for he constantly tries to make evil appear to be good and good evil. God is love; but He knows we cannot possibly be happy in heaven if we are not learning to be happy now in our totally surrendered Christian life on earth. For you see, eternal life is a pearl of high price.

    Explanation of the Image: #1 and #2 are the 2 squares which make up the court of the temple complex. #3 and #5 represent the central spots of these two squares. The central spot of #3 is occupied by the altar of burnt offerings, 1.Kings 8:64. The central spot of #5 is occupied by the ark of the covenant. Number 4 is the holy apartment which is twice as long as the most holy (#5) apartment. Thus the two central spots are occupied by key articles of furniture which explain very important aspects of Bible teachings about salvation from sin and the foundations of God's Kingdom. (Not exactly to scale.)

    The Short Version to Explain the Sanctuary

    In time the above became a lengthy, detailed presentation. But how can it be presented if you have only a few minutes? May the following help you with that.

    Rarely do people have an opportunity to present such an essential gospel message as we did above. In a case where you have only a few minutes, try starting with the following scripture,

    ". . . It is Christ that died, yea, rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us." Romans 8:34.

    That is this present truth as presented from the very throne of God. And so . . .

    ". . . We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens." Hebrews 8:1.

    It tells us that we repentant sinners have a mediator, an intercessor, interceding for us. It means there are cases before divinity to be judged and that is why Daniel wrote,

    "I beheld till the thrones were cast down (set up) , and the Ancient of days did sit whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool; his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire." Daniel 7:9.

    But, while we have cases to be judged considered by the government of God, we also are told that our adversary is before God accusing us. Satan continually tries to corrupt and cripple us. He does not want any of us be one day in heaven. And so,

    ". . . one of the four beasts (the cherubim angels) gave unto the seven angels seven golden vials full of the wrath of God, who liveth for ever and ever." Revelation 15:7.

    The vials containing the wrath of God indicate that sinning in God's universe will not go on forever; only God Himself is eternal. And so, consequentially, the mediation in behalf of us sinners will come to an end.

    "For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus." 1.Timothy 2:1.

    Thus, the judgment scene (Eccl. 12:14) necessarily ends once the work of intercession and mediation is completed and all who ever lived on earth have been judged and their cases closed and Christ comes again to end the reign of sin for in heaven, the cases of the candidates for heaven are of the highest interest, for they will live with God before His throne.[End of Short Version]

    The Atonement Message of the Sanctuary and the Three Angels Messages

    For these last days God has a message which will prepare a people to meet the Lord in reality. Who is going to present this message? We are to, those who know the message. What if we fail? Is God short on means to bring it about? No! Therefore, when we read in God's Word or hear of being (a) `under the law' and being `under grace' or of (b) justification and righteousness by faith, many times it may puzzle us what is meant by such expressions. We may ask, where is the simplicity of the gospel?

    (a) The first point is beautifully explained by the experience of Joseph when he said, "How then can I do this great wickedness, and sin against God?" Gen. 39:9. Joseph did not say, `I cannot do this because then I loose eternal life', or `It is just not right'; no, he said he cannot sin against God. Joseph loved God and the great salvation He promised His people. His motivation was to honor and glorify God by remaining loyal to Him. He wanted a clean conscience in order to be able to serve the Lord better rather than a happy life in the here and now, for as they say, happiness lasts only as long as something is happening whereas joy (in the Lord) lasts forever. We are to direct our attention to how God is glorified, not to the thought how we can improve our life today.
    (b) The second point may be described by realizing that justification is free and therefore available for all. The love of God which melted the heart of Joseph, can melt our heart too so that justification by faith can take place. Being justified, that means propitiated by the blood of Christ, a stone of guilt is rolled away from us and we can start in the newness of life to live in hearty appreciation of His love for Him for we accepted His free gift.

    Christ does it all. We accepted His free gift. He reclaimed us from sin. That is why "... then shall the sanctuary be cleansed" (Dan. 8:14) is such good news. Joseph's heart was clean because he had fortified his mind against attacks by evil, by resolving and purposing not to dishonor God, who had chosen him and given him visions when he was still living at home. Today, we too can use this principle from the experience of Joseph and remove all those things Satan can use as a hook, to make us think of him rather than Christ. We are to stay close to Christ.

    In our discussion of the Book of Hebrew, this truth from the pen of the prophet Daniel (Dan. 8:14) sees a successful conclusion to the problem of sin in the universe.

    Just as there is the cross, the altar of incense and the ark of the covenant, so God sends three angels at the time of the end to draw attention to these messages. The messages of these three angels are designed to let people know that salvation comes by grace through faith alone. It lets people know that, in a sense, the ultimate gospel fulfillment is reached when the words of Paul are fulfilled where he wrote, "And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly," (Rom. 16:20a) a clear reference to Gen. 3:15 on a cosmic scale. Not until Satan is no more, until believers in Christ realize their part in crushing Satan in their life, is the ultimate gospel fulfilled, and, knowing that is coming, we can say, ". . . the grace of our Lord Jesus be with you." (v. 20b). Finally, then, the church of Christ will be clean. Realizing this good news our response is to tell this to those around us. We discover that we can overcome our self-centeredness by beholding what Christ did on the cross. How He died that awful second death (but it could not hold Him for He was without sin), so this free gift of eternal life is available for all people on earth, 1 Jh. 5:11,12; 2 Tim. 1:8-10. Realizing that the whole world has been drawn through Christ's sacrifice, His righteous act (Jh. 12:32), we respond encouraged by the Word of God to make this truth of such a great redemption known to all. With this new life, which we experience through the new birth, we are now able to demonstrate that God's power indwelling is the power of the gospel over the sinful flesh, Rom. 8:9-11.

    In harmony with what we just stated, Ellen White always brought out the following two points in her presentation of the atonement,

    1. In Christ's great work of atonement there is a healthy balance between His justice and mercy - the great controversy theme.
    2. The atonement theme in the writings of Ellen White has a more cosmic scope rather than being a point in history - it models God's love and forgiveness.[2590]
    Therefore we praise God that the atonement did not end at the cross. The gospel is that God takes the initiative and seeks us, everyone, to draw us unto Himself (Jh. 14:6; Dt. 7:6; Tit. 2:14) if we just behold what Christ did and the great salvation He brought about, and in response and because of our love burning now inside of us, we choose to say, `Yes.' This love of God is the "width and length and depth and height" of gospel truth. His training ground were those thirty years living among his brothers and sisters - thirty years of absolute submission. So, if God is putting us through a time of submission, and you seem to be losing your individuality and everything else, it is because Jesus is making you one with Him, Jh. 17:11. We are in continual training for God's kingdom.

    The thus changed believer in this gospel exercises his faith inwardly and outwardly by reading the Word of God and obeying all that God requires. Those who follow God this way freely and gladly, are prepared for the second coming of Christ. - Yet, not all will be saved. Not because they were not clever enough or quick enough to seize the initiative and say `yes', but because they actively resisted and rejected such a great salvation and choose not to want to be with God.

    Christ's work in the Holy apartment prepared believers (those living before 1844) for death with the hope of resurrection. His work in the Most Holy apartment, prepares (end time) believers today for translation without seeing death. They will be sealed. Once depraved people are freed from the fetters of sin by the amazing grace of God, when appeals to self-centered religion cannot truly motivate people in the right direction to bring about a lasting change of heart, they are aided by the Holy Spirit to remain free.

    As the gospel of the soon coming of Christ is brought before all nations, thousands respond today in many places around the world. They accepted God's free offer and want to be heirs to the kingdom. They realize that time is running out and Christ will have finished His High Priestly ministry and His people will be sealed and the winds of strife are held in check for just a little longer to be followed by the seven plagues. They know now that when Jesus comes again He does not come to deal with the sin problem, He comes as Lord and Savior, as Lord of Lords and King of Kings, Rev. 19:16, and His reward comes with Him, the reward which was determined before His coming during the period of the Investigative Judgment, Mt. 16:27; Rev.22:12. But many Christians want Jesus to save them by His grace, but they don't want Him as King of all, and so they don't want to obey His royal Law, the Ten Commandments - yes, there are only 10 of them. But there are still billions (hopefully less now) who have not heard the message of salvation. Only the outpouring of the Holy Spirit can bring about conditions where all can decide whom they want to worship and obey and be master over their life.

    The cleansing of the sanctuary (the `books of record') in the final atonement, is a picture and experience of the cleansing of our hearts from all sins because enough comprehend and believe this gospel truth and unreservedly give their all to God. [2597] They saw that Christ had the same nature as we do, yet He never sinned. Being born as we were, but yet His Father is the Eternal one, Christ knows what we need, and He gave it for us as a free gift if we just accept the truth that we are accepted of Him already and follow Him. Therefore, the battle is whether our alienation from God can be resolved in "sinful flesh." It is evident that there is no problem with sin being conquered in sinless nature different from ours for Christ "took on .." for "..His sinless nature our sinful nature." (Hebr. 2:16-18) That battle was won in heaven long ago (Rev. 12:7-9). Since then Satan took up residence in our fallen human nature. He claims that sin can only be tolerated and lightly "pardoned", or God must continue to overlook sin or tackle the problem after death in purgatory (the Catholic view). Most Christians agree with Satan in one or the other of these views. They say, as long as we have a sinful nature, it is inevitable that we must continue sinning - which is Satan's argument.

    What does Christ say?

    Christ proved that human sin is willful and therefore unnecessary. So He created a new abhorrence of sin that leads to its final eradication, Dt. 7:25,26; Ps. 119:163; Rom. 12:9. Thus He set the captives free to say "no" to sin (Lk. 4:18), and through the faith of Jesus to become pure and holy, (Ex. 30:30,31,35; Eph. 5:27). We can become thus because Christ built a bridge over the abyss of human alienation from God caused by sin. His sacrifice is called the "atonement" - the making `at-one' those who were separated from God.[2600]

    This alienation is the reason for the reign of sin, their illicit desires, in the lives of so many young and older people. They hunger and thirst for acceptance by something they know not what. Only Christ can fill the abyss, the vacuum they feel inside, and make them whole. Our desire for God is perhaps a little like the homing instinct of some of God's creatures. Inside we know that God is the loving sovereign of the universe and that is why we pray to Him. Abounding sin needs abounding grace and we know that God's grace knows no limits. It is there for all.

    People wonder, how close they can come to God, that must depend on how close you believe He has come to you. It just may be that many have gone to church never expecting to actually meet God. Exercising that faith in the closeness of God helps us to identify with Him as His people. That is what the Bible means with being "crucified with Christ", Gal. 2:20. It is God's way of enhancing our self-respect. To be "crucified with Christ" means also that such are resurrected with Him for our justification, or as the Bible puts it, "it is no longer I who lives, but Christ lives in me", in other words, a true Christian `participates' in Christ and Him crucified.

    The Power Promised

    "God does not ask us to do in our own strength the work before us. He has provided divine assistance for all the emergencies to which our human resources are unequal. He gives the Holy Spirit to help in every strait, to strengthen our hope and assurance, to illuminate our minds and purify our hearts. . . . Christ has made provision that His church shall be a transformed body, illumined with the light of heaven, possessing the glory of Immanuel. It is His purpose that every Christian shall be surrounded with a spiritual atmosphere of light and peace." {8T, 16.1.3}

    "In describing to His disciples the office work of the Holy Spirit, Jesus sought to inspire them with the joy and hope that inspired His own heart. He rejoiced because of the abundant help He had provided for His church. The Holy Spirit was the highest of all gifts that He could solicit from His Father for the exaltation of His people. The Spirit was to be given as a regenerating agent, and without this the sacrifice of Christ would have been of no avail. The power of evil had been strengthening for centuries, and the submission of men to this satanic captivity was amazing. [For it is certainly true that "the power of temptation is always strengthened by a previous experience in sin." (Whidden, The Atonement)]. Instead we must ". . . bring into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ." 2.Cor. 10:4,5. Sin could be resisted and overcome only through the mighty agency of the Third Person of the Godhead, who would come with no modified energy, but in the fullness of divine power. It is the Spirit that makes effectual what has been wrought out by the world's Redeemer. It is by the Spirit that the heart is made pure. Through the Spirit the believer becomes a partaker of the divine nature. Christ has given His Spirit as a divine power to overcome all hereditary and cultivated tendencies to evil, and to impress His own character upon His church." {DA 671.2}

    "To us today, as verily as to the first disciples, the promise of the Spirit belongs. God will today endow men and women with power from above, as He endowed those who on the Day of Pentecost heard the word of salvation. At this very hour His Spirit and His grace are for all who need them and will take Him at His word." {8T 20.3; Roger Morneau, Incredible Answers to Prayer, p. 45,46.}


    Notes & References

    [001] We should clarify right at the beginning what is being atoned for. It is not "sin", a wicked deed, that is being atoned for. The truth is rather that sin (Hb. 12:1) cannot be atoned for - it is the very center of the problem, the disease. But the sinner, that is sins plural (character, transgression of God's law, the symptoms of the disease), can be reconciled to God's righteousness by Jesus dying on the cross and thus be delivered from the power of sin, which God still hates, and therefore is not reconciled to, Isa. 55:7; Hosea 14:4. The disease of sin itself we must crucify with Christ on His Cross, it must die in us because it is incorrigible. Forgiving my sin nature, or carnal nature, does not change me. I would still go on sinning. That sin nature must be completely dead, and I must become a new person. Thus the sinner is atoned for to sin no more, Jh. 5:14; 8:11.

    [002] R&H, November 9, 1905 par. 11.

    [003] The desert tabernacle tent was set up in rectangular, fenced enclosure called the court, or as some later authors called it, forecourt. It is also referred to as outer court, however, the later Jerusalem Temple had an outer (large) and an inner (small) court, Ezekiel 8:16; 44:27. In the outer court non-Jews could be at (Rev. 11:2), but not in the inner court. We talk about the original desert sanctuary. The symbolism of the court has separate as well as inclusive meaning with respect to the sanctuary.

    [005] See also Sarah E. Peck, The Path to the Throne of God, N.Y., 2002, p. 52.

    [008] Who is part of this priesthood? We read, "But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should show forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light." 1 Peter 2:9. Who are those referred to? Many of the believers to whom Peter addressed his letters, were living among the heathens, and much depended on their remaining true to the high calling of their profession of faith.[2650] Essentially Peter wanted to poke holes into the darkness so people can see the light of the gospel. Originally of course "ye" was Israel for sure, the `woman' which God had married at Sinai, which later on, however, became unfaithful to the Lord. This woman, God married at Sinai, was later on referred to in Revelation 12 as the woman on the moon. She, like old Israel, had a special, exampliary role to play in history. From her was born the `man child (Jesus)'. She was the woman which is characterized by "keeping the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ" (Rev. 12:18), which is the "Spirit of Prophecy", Rev. 19:10. These characteristics are also referred to in the epistle of Peter. There we wonder who the "ye", the "chosen generation" is. We read, they are "elect", "through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ . . ." to deliver us from sin, 1.Peter 1:2; Luke 2:8-11.
    The Completion of the Atonement: To be sanctified means to believe the truth taught in the Word of God and to practice it, Eze. 18:31; it can be the work for as long as we live - under the influence of the Holy Spirit, think of the holy men of God. The other characteristic of the "ye" is that they are "obedient". `Obedient' to what? To something that has to do with the `sprinkling of the blood of Christ.' What could that be? What made the cross necessary? Of course the event of sin made it necessary. This shown by Aaron, as he sprinkled the blood of the bullock in the Most Holy to make an atonement for the holy place (think Most Holy Place, see terminologies) because of the uncleanness and transgression of Israel; after returning from out of the Most Holy, sprinkled the bullocks blood in the `tabernacle of the congregation', to atone for his own sins, his household, and for Israel, and emerging from there he sprinkled the blood finally on the horns of the outside altar, the brazen altar, for the sins of Israel, and not until then was the atonement completed, the "end of reconciling" all three stations, Lev. 16:14-20.

    Since sin is the transgression of the Ten Commandment Law of God, `obedience' necessarily refers to keeping them. And we repeat again that what God "blessed" in Genesis (Gen. 2:3) is still `blessed' in Revelation (Rev. 22:14).
    "And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made."
    "Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city."

    The crowds around Jerusalem knew Jesus was the "blessed . . . that comes in the name of the Lord" (Mt. 20:9), the name of the Lord which is deeply buried inside the 4th commandment. - That Jesus had to die because these 10 laws were violated, indicates that they are unchangeable, they are eternally valid and stand still exactly so written in stone today, as they were written by God at Sinai. God's faithful people are also spoken of as priests in the Bible, 1.P. 2:9.

    [010] For example see the Pentecostal Bible Study Course, Vol. One, Hazelwood, Missouri, 1966. We need to remember that the memorial for the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus Christ is baptism. Romans 6:4,5; Colossians 2:12. Instead, the extended lesson from Aaron's rod that budded is that it had been cut off from a living tree, cut to length and was dead wood, yet blossomed and bore fruit, because it was `attached' to God. This is the great miracle and we read about the same imagery in John chapter 15 on the vine and the branches.

    [15] We have nothing to recommend us to God; but the plea that we may urge now and ever is our utterly helpless condition that makes His redeeming power a necessity. Renouncing all self-dependence, we may look to the cross of Calvary and say, "In my hand no price I bring; Simply to Thy cross I cling." The Jews had been instructed from childhood concerning the work of the Messiah. The inspired utterances of patriarchs and prophets and the symbolic teaching of the sacrificial service had been theirs. But they had disregarded the light; and now they saw in Jesus nothing to be desired. But the centurion (Mt. 8:5ff; 27:54), born in heathenism, educated in the idolatry of imperial Rome, trained as a soldier, seemingly cut off from spiritual life by his education and surroundings, and still further shut out by the bigotry of the Jews, and by the contempt of his own countrymen for the people of Israel, --this man perceived the truth to which the children of Abraham were blinded. He did not wait to see whether the Jews themselves would receive the One who claimed to be their Messiah. As the "light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world" (John 1:9) had shone upon him, he had, though afar off, discerned the glory of the Son of God.[DA, 317]

    [100] For two drawn images, purportedly of these pillars painted in the tombs of Tell Sandahannah near Beit Jibrin in southern Palestine, see W.F. Albright, `Two Cressets from Marisa and the Pillars of Jachin and Boaz' in BASOR, Feb 1942, p. 18-27.]

    [0130] Listen to what Jesus offers us as treatment for the damage that Satan has done to us through sin:
    "Are you tired? Worn out? Burned out on religion? Come to me. Get away with me and you'll recover your life. I'll show you how to take a real rest. Walk with me and work with me - watch how I do it. Learn the unforced rhythms of grace. I won't lay anything heavy or ill-fitting on you. Keep company with me and you'll learn to live freely and lightly." Matthew 11:28-30 (The Message).

    [144] On the day of the first cleansing of the temple Jesus announced his mission as the Messiah and entering upon his work, John 2:12-22. He purified it from the defilement of the long history of human trespasses, Mal. 3:1-3; 1.Cor. 3:16,17; 2.Cor. 6:16; Micah 7:19; Eph. 2:21,22.
    The second temple cleansing is reported in Mt. 21:12-16, 23-46; Mk. 11:15-19; 27-33; 12: 1-12; Lk. 19: 45-48; 20: 1-19. In the OT it is rooted in 1. Sam. 15:22; Isa. 1:10-12, 16,17; Ps. 118:26; Zech. 9:9.

    [0148] No redemption, no salvation for Satan and his evil angels, for they knew God and His kingdom personally, unlike man, for they served and stood before our God and thus have no excuse.

    [0180] Real repentance is available for everyone. What does `real or true repentance' involve? Let us read a few scriptures, "For thus says the high and lofty One that inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones." Isa. 57:15. The word `dwell' reminds us of the words, "And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them." Ex. 25:8. God's word says that the humble and the contrite, repenting person are candidates for revival, for rejuvenation of true faith. We also read, "Him hath God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness (aphesií) of sins." Acts 5:31; 16:31, that God through Jesus' sacrifice gives repentance. And Paul says, "Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?" Rom. 2:4, that the goodness of God leads to repentance. We must repent and be converted for our sins to be blotted out, Acts 3:19. Last but not least we read, "Therefore say unto the house of Israel, Thus says the Lord God; Repent, and turn yourselves from your idols; and turn away your faces from all your abominations." That means we must make a U-Turn from all that has even the appearance of sin, for we are told that every idol is a devil, 1.Cor. 10:19,20. We must not anymore indulge anything that in the remotest can lead us into sin. It is well illustrated in the story of the soap merchant who went to church once and said to the pastor, `Pastor, its not working ... all that preaching, holding meetings and all those revivals. The world is deeper in sin than ever before.' The pastor was downcast and set down to think what he was told. Next day he met the soap merchant again and he said, `You know what? Its not working selling all those soaps. The world is just as dirty, if not dirtier than before.' `You are right,' replied the soap merchant, `you have to apply the soap.' The pastor then said, `My friend, just the same it is with preaching the gospel. You have to apply it to your life.

    [0200] The three components of human beings have their parallel to the sanctuary of the OT which was symbolic of Christ, Jh. 2:19-22; 1, Cor. 6:19. The Mosty Holy place corresponds to the Spirit. This is where God dwells. The Holy Place is parallel with the soul. Just as the priest functions in the holy place of the earthly sanctuary, so God functions in our soul through our mind. The courtyard represents the body. The courtyard was "visible" to all and the place where sacrifice took place, Rom. 12:1 (visible, because at one time or another, they had offered sacrifices there). These parallels do not negate the truth of a literal sanctuary in heaven. The Bible is clear that God functions and dwells in heaven as well as in the heart of the believer, Isa. 57:15.
    Aaron and the high priest's work: Also, we must remember that the word "high priest" is used only once in the Old Testament, that is in 2.Chronicles 24:11. This passage gives us no pertinent information as to what the high priest did. Lev. 16 tells us that Aaron was to perform the work on the `Day of Atonement'. That was the yearly work. Who was to do the daily work? The daily work could only be done by the high priest or his immediate male descendants (Ex. 27:21; 28:1,35,43; 29:29,30; 30:30; 40:12-13, 31-32; Num. 8:2,3; 18:8; 1.Chr. 6:49, etc.). There are very few instances where we have actual stories that describe Aaron and his sons at work in the daily service. Lev. 10 is one of the only ones. Here we are told that Aaron and his two sons were at work in the daily service outside of and within the first apartment (Lev. 10:12-20). Only the high priest or his sons could carry on the work in the outer court or within the first apartment. - Is Jesus in heaven not to perform any antitypical work in the first apartment because He has no `sons' there to do it for Him? Such an idea is not to be taken seriously. We could then carry the thought a step further, `Was Jesus on earth not to perform the supreme sacrifice at Calvary, Himself the priest, Himself the victim, because as such interpreters claim, He could not do such work? -- Such strange views always result in untrue consequences when thought out. Let us not fall for them! Let us remember that Calvary leads us into the sanctuary. Wherever Christ has gone, we are to go; wherever He leads we are to follow, Rev. 14:4. What is presented confirms that we need Christ's heavenly ministry just as much as we need His earthly sacrifice. The two go together. These are the pioneer views of the Seventh Day Adventist Church and shown here to be Biblically established.
    Uzziah was smitten when he tried to enter in the pride of his own heart (2.Chr. 26:16-23), but in contrast, the year that he died . . .
    Isaiah by faith clearly saw into those sacred chambers (Isa. 6). And now, by faith, we are invited to personally enter within not the earthly but the heavenly tabernacle where God Himself awaits us!! - - But one cannot enter for another. Each must for him/herself make their own decision. `I will go in unto the King.' (Esther 4:16). And we may come in boldly (Hebr. 4:16). -- Most do not realize the true meaning of this word. It does not merely mean or indicate boldness or courage in moving from one place to another. The Greek word means boldness in speech. We are invited - we are encouraged - to enter the great throne room of the King of Kings, and the promise is given that we will be strengthened with a holy boldness in speaking that we may present our needs to our High Priest.

    [0282] Along this theme take note of this important quote: "Without the Spirit of God a knowledge of His word is of no avail. The theory of truth, unaccompanied by the Holy Spirit, cannot quicken the soul or sanctify the heart. One may be familiar with the commands and promises of the Bible; but unless the Spirit of God sets the truth home, the character will not be transformed. Without the enlightenment of the Spirit, men will not be able to distinguish truth from error, and they will fall under the masterful temptations of Satan.
    The class represented by the foolish virgins are not hypocrites. They have a regard for the truth, they have advocated the truth, they are attracted to those who believe the truth; but they have not yielded themselves to the Holy Spirit's working. They have not fallen upon the Rock, Christ Jesus, and permitted their old nature to be broken up. This class are represented also by the stony-ground hearers. They receive the word with readiness, but they fail of assimilating its principles. Its influence is not abiding. The Spirit works upon man's heart, according to his desire and consent implanting in him a new nature; but the class represented by the foolish virgins have been content with a superficial work. They do not know God. They have not studied His character; they have not held communion with Him; therefore they do not know how to trust, how to look and live. Their service to God degenerates into a form. "They come unto thee as the people cometh, and they sit before thee as My people, and they hear thy words, but they will not do them; for with their mouth they show much love, but their heart goeth after their covetousness." Eze. 33:31. The apostle Paul points out that this will be the special characteristic of those who live just before Christ's second coming. He says, "In the last days perilous times shall come: for men shall be lovers of their own selves; . . . lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God; having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof."
    2 Tim. 3:1-5. {`Christ's Object Lessons,' 408.3-411.1}

    [0290] What happened when sin entered? "The sin of our first parents brought guilt and sorrow upon the world, and had it not been for the goodness and mercy of God, would have plunged the race into hopeless despair. . . . After their sin Adam and Eve were no longer to dwell in Eden. They earnestly entreated that they might remain in the home of their innocence and joy. They confessed that they had forfeited all right to that happy abode, but pledged themselves for the future to yield strict obedience to God. But they were told that their nature had become depraved by sin; they had lessened their strength to resist evil and had opened the way for Satan to gain more ready access to them. In their innocence they had yielded to temptation; and now, in a state of conscious guilt, they would have less power to maintain their integrity." {PP 61.4} - We learn that EGW taught that man's nature had less resistance to overcome evil. Today we might be even weaker, but it is not so that we have no strength at all to overcome according to the above quotation. This also means that we did not sin corporately in Adam. Sin is not passed on genetically. Each person is accountable for his own sin, not Adam's (Eze. 18:20). We can break the cycle of sin. The "guilt we get from Adam is the depraved nature we inherited from Adam, which was the result of his disobedience. This depraved nature makes us prone to sin, but not sinners. We are not sinners until we choose to sin (Dt. 30:19). The corporate death sentence was passed on all (1.Cor. 15:22) as the result of Adam's disobedience, not for his disobedience. The first death, which is the curse of sin, should not be confused with the second death, which is the wages of sin. - The question begging for an answer is, `If we sinned corporately in Adam, how can we account for the truth that little infants and children will be in heaven, no doubt, some without their mothers to meet them, for we read, "But Jesus said, Suffer little children, and forbid them not, to come unto me: for of such is the kingdom of heaven." (Mt. 19:14). Surely they could not be in heaven if they were sinners! The teaching of corporate sin has led some churches to baptize infants, to insure their entrance into heaven.
    While individual sins are not corporate, leadership responsibilities cover more ground. The king, the priests, heads of families, each one of us, are responsible for more than them or ourselves. If they actively mislead people into sin, they have guilt besides their own, private guilt - our works or wages of sin have consequences. Thus Jonah's mission to Niniveh and Daniel's repentance for the sins of his people, were in that sense corporate.

    [0300] `Grace' has different aspects to it. a) Grace convicts man of sin, and seeks to draw him humbly before Christ. b) Grace moves man to repent, and for those who repent, it becomes forgiving and enabling grace. c) But for those who constantly reject God's grace, committ sin against the Holy Spirit and grieve Him away. - - Thus, grace starts out unconditionally to everyone, but then, gradually, it is rejected or accepted. Those who yield to the working of the Holy Spirit are enabled to live godly lives. If we do that we will be regenerated into God's image.

    [0301] How can we overcome, that is separate from sin? Since we commit sin ourselves, we cannot separate us from sin. Shall we cast it upon the Lord? Yes. But how? Can we separate even a fraction of an inch? If we could, in that case we would not need Christ, for if no sin could be found in us, it would make no difference, it would be away from us and we would be clear of it. But we also know there is nothing we can do that would save us. Therefore all our efforts to separate us from our sins are unsuccessful. What now? Each one of us may conclude, when Christ bears my sins he must come there where I am, He must come into me. This is just what Christ does. Christ is the Word, and to all sinners who would excuse themselves by saying that they cannot know what God requires of them, He says, "The Word is very near to you; it is in your mouth and in your heart, so that you can do it." Deut. 30:11-14. Since the resurrected Jesus Christ is in you and since He is the crucified Christ, our Savior, He alone can save us and strengthen us and send us the Holy Spirit so we are enabled to say no to sin and be saved; we are being regenerated into Christ's image. All is contingent on that we "dwell" in the Word of God day by day so it can fill us with heavenly thoughts; so that we reflect God's character gradually more and more - for His character is reflected in His Word. At the same time we know not to take the limited, narrow position that any of the works of man can help in the least possible way to liquidate the debt of our transgression. This is a fatal deception. If we would understand it, we must cease haggling over our pet ideas, and with humble hearts survey the atonement. {6BC 1071.4; adapted} We do not look at or study our own emotions, for then we would take our eyes off of Jesus, so turn away from a study of yourself.

    [0305] Here is a list of a number of references in the Bible to the `Heavenly Sanctuary': Hebrews 8:1-2; Psalm 102:19; Jeremiah 17:12; Psalm 11:4; Isaiah 6:1-6; Revelation 15:5-8; Hebrews 9:11.

    [0355] Some seem to want to suggest that the KJV is the perfect translation of the original Hebrew/ Aramaic/ Greek Bible text, also referred to as the `received text.' When it comes to translating, a translation can hardly ever be so `perfect' as the original. Such statements undermine Bible faith because if someone does find an inconsistency the damage is done. The KJV was produced during the time of the English poet and dramatist William Shakespear (1564-1616). The KJV translators managed to put his name into the biblical text. We read: "Though the waters thereof roar and be troubled, though the mountains shake ... he maketh the bow, and cutteth the spear in sunder ..." Psalm 46:3,9. The NEB and NIV use the words, `quake' and `spear'. The NAB uses `shaken' and `spears' (plural). The Living Bible uses `tremble' and `weapon'. The German language Dr. Martin Luther Bible uses `die Berge sinken/ sänken' und `Spieß', die Zürcher Bibel uses `die Berge taumeln' und `Speer' following the KJV. While we believe the KJV is a very good translation, we would refrain from using perfect in the sense of without the possibility of conveying a word in a sense which could not be better expressed equally or better with another word. This writer prefers the KJV for memorizing Bible texts, because using too many different translations may destroy one's ability to memorize Bible texts.

    [410] The situation between Paul's Hebrew believers and the Gentiles (of Galatia for instance) was, that the Hebrew Christians, who still observed ceremonial feast days, needed help in relating to the crisis of faith what the temple's imminent destruction would entaile for them. That was no problem to Galatian believers. Paul's Galatian argument is universal, applying as surely to the moral as to the ritual law that Judaizers sought to impose. Any attempt to assure salvation by any kind of obedience denies that the promise of life is only in Christ. But both laws direct us to Christ. (1) The moral law drives us to Him as our only righteousness. Every ritual points us to Him and dramatizes how He saves by His righteousness. The moral law announces eternal death as the result of sin; while (2) the ceremonial law portrays His death and depicts His transfer of our guilt to Himself, the innocent Victim. Neither law has any power to save. But the principle behind each was designed to direct us in its own way to the promise of Him Who is our life. The ceremonial law, of course, was intended to remain only until that which it foreshadowed became a historical reality in the life and death of Christ, Dan. 9:27. However, as we study the "law," by which Paul referred to the Torah, the first five books of Moses containing both the ten commandments and the ritual system, its principles still draw us to Christ in the two ways mentioned above.

    [580] The scripture reads, "Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern showed to thee in the mount." Hebr. 8:5.

    [644] Showing Declination of the Greek Article which corresponds to our "the".


  • Singular // sabbaton masculine feminine neutr Plural masculine feminine neutr
    Nominative Plural
    Genitive Genitive *
    Dative Dative
    Accusative Accusative

    Adjectives of the declination of `hagios', `hagia', `hagion' = "holy".
    Root . . masc. . . fem. . . neutr hagio- hagia- hagio-
    Singular Nominative hagios hagia hagion*
    Singular Genitive . . . hagiou hagias hagiou
    Singular Dative . . . hagi hagia hagi
    Singular Accusative . . . hagion hagian hagion
    Singular Verb . . . hagie hagia hagion
    Plural Nominative . . . hagioi hagiai hagia *
    Plural Genitive . . . hagin hagin hagin*
    Plural Dative . . . hagiois hagiais hagiois
    Plural Accusative . . . hagious hagias hagia
    After speaking of the `Holy Ghost', `tou hagiou', the important thing to see is that the Greek uses the phrase "tn hagin"*, which is the Neutral, Genetive Plural of "ta hagia", meaning according to the definition `holies' or `holy places', the first apartment since it is the plural of `ta hagia'. Now, while `hagia (holy)' is an adjective, it declinates the same as if it was used as a noun. This declinated form of `ta hagia' therefore does not refer to the Most Holy which, according to the definition, would have to be preceded by "hagia" (`hagia hagin'), which we do not find in this verse (Hebr. 9:8). Thus the colon, ":", at the end of verse 7 ought to be a period because the thought presented in verse 7 ends right there. Vers 8 is not a continuation of the thought on the `second' apartment in verse 7.
    Once again, how are we to handle `(h)agiwn'? We must remain in `neutral' gender in the declination tables. We also must remember that `hagion', `hagiwn', `hagia' are all declinated forms of the same root, `ta hagio-' or writing it without the `h', `ta agio-'. There we find `(h)agiwn' as Plural Genitive. That means `hagiwn' should refer to the `holy (first)' apartment in chapter 9. Yet in numerous Bibles we find it has been translated as `most holy". That, we would like to point out, is in error.

    [670] Hebrews 9:15: "And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions [that were] under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance." -- When God established the covenant relationship with man after the first sin, He also gave them a system of substitute animal sacrifices. The Sinai covenant with Israel likewise gave instructions in the way an Israelite could rid himself of sin through the offering of sacrifices, thus he could be forgiven and restored to covenant relationship with his God. So we may know that the animal sacrifices really worked in OT times for there was a day when you could be forgiven because of the shedding of the blood of an animal in view of what Christ would do later. - - The Letter to the Hebrews gives us here primary and basic evidence about Jesus Christ as a minister in the sanctuary and true tent, which was set up not by man but by the Lord. The total biblical testimony gives a picture of Christ's two phased ministry in the two parts of the heavenly sanctuary (1.Tim. 2:5; Hebr. 9:15; Rom. 8:34; John 16:26; 1.John 2:1), in that it paralleled the two parts in the earthly. The testimony anchored in the Bible is well expressed in Romans 1:16, as prefigured in the sanctuary, and by the Spirit of Prophecy. This testimony ministry began with Christ's ascension. (He was doing something different before). It shows what Christ gained for us on the cross, was typified by the altar outside. These benefits are applied in His priestly and high priestly ministries in the heavenly sanctuary. An understanding of Christ's work in these functions makes it possible for us
    1. to enter into a richer relationship with our Lord Jesus Christ (Jude 1:20,21),
    2. to proclaim Christ's complete gospel of the Cross (1.Cor. 1:17-21) and resurrection in the past (Rom. 1:4,5) and the mediatorial (1.Tim. 2:5,6; Hebr. 9:15), judicial and cleansing ministries in the present (Dan. 8:14),
    3. to bring people into the total life of the plan of redemption, including the cleansing of the sanctuary (Dan. 8:14; Hebr. 9:12) to be followed by the Second Advent (Hebr. 9:26-28),
    4. to refresh his people's memory of the prominence of God's Law in the `Ark of the Covenant', so we have time to write it, as an expression of our free choice and as a cooperative, willing response to His love, into our heart, Hebr. 8:10; 10:16.
    5. to create an awareness of the importance of God's judgment hour (Rev. 14:7), that there will be a time when probation closes, Isaiah 55:6.
    6. thus to prepare a people to meet the precious Lord in the clouds of heaven very soon (Rev. 14:14).

    What does Jesus himself say, what he does in the presence of the Father?
    "These things have I spoken unto you in proverbs (figures, symbols, metaphors, figures of speech, parables, very guardedly): but the time cometh, when I shall no more speak unto you in proverbs, but I shall show you plainly of the Father. At that day ye shall ask in my name: and I say not unto you, that I will pray the Father for you. . . . His disciples said unto him, Lo, now speakest thou plainly, and speakest no proverb." John 16:25, 26, 29.
    What should we do with a scripture like this in the light of all the other scriptures which speak of intercession, priestly ministry, sanctuary with apartments, sacrifices, furniture ...? It is our policy to understand difficult passages in light of the clear ones. Which is the more difficult, what John says or all the other references?
    We must remember, that man's difficulty in remaining true to God, is the problem which brings about more illustrative lessons for us to follow so we may know that God does want to save us. We could be saved just by knowing that God loves us and we are His friends and live accordingly, but persistent sinning makes it mandatory that man needs more picture book lessons to follow and to realize, what a great salvation has been provided for our rescue. And sadly, there are some who reject even all these additional study aids designed to teach the love of God. Gladly, however, God lets us know just enough about Himself so we can love Him.
    The Love of God! When some say, God cannot save us? What does that mean? To stand before an angry administrator or mighty person who is threatening us, what can we do? Do we hope he will get over it, can we buy him off or make a deal? May be he will cool down in a while? Thinking this, standing before him then is not that fearful. But to stand in the presence of our heavenly Father, who, if He can say one good thing about us, He will say it. He who is so gracious and has waited all these years and who is not willing that any should perish, and who would give His life again if it would do any good. When He says, with tears in His eyes, `You know, there is nothing that I can do for you. Not even I.' And He still cries. That is the most fearful thing of all. It is not that He is temporarily angry or that you could buy Him off, He is on our side already. He is going to lose another child. Is He sentimental? No! That is the way God runs His universe. And the most terrible thing to hear is, when He, the loving One, and Jesus confirms it and the Spirit of love and truth confirms it, when the three members of the Godhead say, as they said to Israel (2.Chr. 7:14ff), `Even we, the Creators, cannot heal you. You are beyond remedy. You are bent on leaving us. You are a chronic cheat. We cannot save you. Even we can't.' And the Godhead is not angry! They obviously want to say something else. Then you know, that's it. That was the problem we read about when God gave up Israel, "Moreover all the chief of the priests, and the people, transgressed very much after all the abominations of the heathen; and polluted the house of the Lord which he had hallowed in Jerusalem. And the Lord God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes (early), and sending; because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling place: But they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of the Lord arose against his people, till there was no remedy." 2.Chr. 36:14-16. - - There was no healing.
    Like when Israel at Sinai was so afraid of God, Ex. 20:18. What does God do? He sends someone who is very gentle. And so the gospels tell us, when the people looked at Jesus, no one was ever afraid of him. There was no need to be afraid, and yet He was the one who stood upon Mt. Sinai when the people went afar off. The ultimate gospel is to teach the truth about God, that God Father, God Son and Holy Ghost are our friends and we do not need to fear them. What we fear is ourselves. How we so easily fall for the traps of Satan. Yet, God is ready to receive us and strengthen us in the hour we most need Him, so we look for Him and listen to what we know He says.

    [0680] Yes, we are aware that some theologize, that is filter biblical teachings, when it comes to the nature of sin. We must insist that we cannot be afraid to call sin by its right name. Why would anybody be afraid to do that? The reason is, calling sin by its right name among people who want to sin, and do not want you to call it by its right name, can be dangerous. We desire not to be taken in what Paul warns about in 2.Cor. 4:2. Therefore, when we read new books besides the Bible we must be on the alert. We must understand that some try to introduce thoughts which might not mesh with what is taught in the Bible. Many times this revolves around what sin is. The OT uses about three words for "sin". They are (a) "asham" or "ashma" (guilt, guilt offering), (b) "chet" (sin, error, failure), (c) "chataah", "chattaah" or "chattath" (sin, sin offering). - If a message we read or hear comes out to be, `We cannot stop sinning. God understands that we cannot stop sinning. He does not hold us accountable. He does not impute all those sins to us. He just says, 'I will fix that up by and by.' When we encounter these thoughts our `alert button' ought to set off a siren inside. Why? Because Cain's sin of slaying his brother Abel was such a "chataah" sin. So was the sin of Sodom and Gomorrah, Gen. 18:16-20; 19:20. So was the sin Potiphar's wife tried to entangle Joseph with, Gen. 39:6-9. The man who cursed God committed a "chataah" sin, Lev. 24:11,15. Jeremiah tells us that pagan human sacrifices are "chataah" sins, Jer. 32:30-35. More examples could be cited. We ought to see that "chataah" sin is something we do not want to keep in our life. We want to disengage us from those sins - for ever. Keep committing them is completely unsafe. That river of sin must dry up; we are sending them up to the sanctuary. The Bible teaches that God's people will at last know His voice (Jn. 10:1-6), and the fullness of His Spirit will be shown to actuate His people, so we will resolutely turn away from sin and do His goodness and sin no more (Ex. 20:20; Ps. 4:4; Jn. 5:14; 8:11; 1Cor. 15:34; 1Jn. 2:1), as we live by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God (Dt. 8:3l); `Mount of Blessings, p. 71.2. At last God's people will get the victory over the "chata-ahs," and be completely saved from sin, Mt. 1:21; Zech. 3:1-5, for Jesus has purified His people by the special outpouring of the Holy Spirit, Acts 3:19, and there is no longer any need to forgive sin in His people, even ignorant sin, because no more sin will be there and His people can live in the sight of a holy God, because of Jesus Christ's imparted righteousness, without any blemish of sin whatsoever contaminating their thoughts or actions. That is our high calling, Phil 3:14. It means that Christ's substitutionary life was for our days of disobedience but never once does His perfect life substitute for our required Christian obedience, 2.Cor. 4:10; 1.John 2:6; 3:3,7; Mt. 5:48.

    [0700] The mediation (according to the sanctuary types and shadows) or transfer of sin is indicated by several terms and occurrences in the sanctuary services. Terms like "make an atonement" (Lev. 16:6,10,11..), "the blood of Jesus", 1.Peter 1:2; 1.Jh. 1:7; to name a few. The transfer of sin or the substitution of the blood of the lamb for the blood of the sinner, the blood of Christ for the sinner, is taught in the Bible and was made possible because Christ was "made flesh", (Jh. 1:14; Gal. 4:4; 2.Cor. 5:21). That means, "Christ took upon His sinless (divine) nature our sinful (human) nature, that He might know how to succor those that are tempted" ["Medical Ministry", p. 181]. So Christ did actually assume our condemned (Rom. 5:18), sinful nature which is at "enmity against God" and "not subject to the law of God" (Rom. 8:7). But our Saviour defeated "the law of sin and death" (Rom. 8:2) that resided in that human nature, and then He executed that condemned nature on the Cross symbolized by the eastern square of the tabernacle court, 1 Kings 8:64; Hebr. 9:23ff. This qualified Christ as the second Adam (1 Cor. 15:45), the second representative of mankind, 1.Cor. 1:30; Eph. 1:3-6. - It also may be helpful to suggest that Christ became the Saviour of the world (1.Tim. 4:10) in the sense that He became the Saviour of all sorts of men in the world - of men and women of all nations, cultural backgrounds and religions (1.Tim. 2:4,6,7) as long as they accept Him or His still small voice or offer of salvation for He is seeking men to save them. For you see, Christ's death is not God sending someone to die in our stead, but God Himself died so that we might live. That means we are accepted already when we were still a prodigal son, not a stranger.
    The atonement has not much to do with moral reconciliation. `Morality' or `moral' is a word not found in the Bible. It has to do with conforming to accepted (cultural) criteria. It was a good word to use when our country was largely Christian, but today, many religions are represented in the USA and in most other countries in the world whose views on morality may not compare with a Christian world view at all. So we may want to clarify first to whom we speak. While morality is a good characteristic, it has nothing to do with the saving grace of God since it can be fake obedience. Satan embarked on a moral slide which could occur in heaven because there is sanctity in moral freedom.

    [707] See "Desire of Ages", Read the entire Chapter on `Who Are My Brethren,' 324.1 for the Biblical foundation. Unless we are connected with the fruit bearing vine (Jh. 15:1-8), we cannot truly live the Christian life since we have no sap.

    [0720] The Greek of Hebr. 6:19, where its says, and which "enters into that (apartment) withn the veil", reads as follows, "eiserxomenen eis to esteron tou katapetasmatos", which means literally, `going in inside the veil,' meaning inside between the two veils. / The Greek of Hebr. 9:3, where it says, "and after the second veil", reads as follows: "meta de to deuteron katapetasma", which literally means, `behind the second veil'.

    [0750] In some very definite respects, Hebr. 9:12 Is one of the high climaxes of the book (along with Hebr. 1:8, 2:9, 2:17, 3:6, 3:15, 4:9, 4:14, 5:5, 6:1, 6:19, 7:25, 8:1, 8:6, 9:8, that preceded it, and some others that will follow, such as 9:24, 10:7, 10:16, 10:19, and 10:22.) This is Paul's manner in Hebrews. He builds to a point and then springs it upon us. Hebrews is a most wonderful book. - Only 4 out of 16 Bible versions, not translations, use `holiest' in Hebr. 9:12.

    [754] What about this bare bones religion? Check this out, "The message from God to me for you is "Him that cometh unto me, I will in no wise cast out" (John 6:37). If you have nothing else to plead before God but this one promise from your Lord and Saviour, you have the assurance that you will never, never be turned away. It may seem to you that you are hanging upon a single promise, but appropriate that one promise, and it will open to you the whole treasure house of the riches of the grace of Christ. Cling to that promise and you are safe. "Him that cometh unto me I will in no wise cast out." Present this assurance to Jesus, and you are as safe as though inside the city of God." {10MR 175.1} This was written to a sister in the faith who experienced hardship like many do. Ellen White wrote to her to encourage her to stay firm in her faith like we should. So what happens when someone comes "unto me"? Will they follow Christ in all that He requires? Sure they will. Coming unto Christ is not getting into a position of standing still or motionless or action-less. As long as there is breath in one, it will lead them to study His Word because they thirst for all the truths He has in store and witness when opportunity comes. Those who stop with such a statement are limiting the power of the gospel to transform us.

    [763] Christ at his birth assumed man's sinful nature, he did not have a sinful nature. Just like someone who is being asked to deliver some money to another person is not guilty of stealing it as he makes his way to that person, so Christ too, assumed our nature. Only when the conveyor of the money keeps it, is he a thief. Our sinful nature was in the possession of Christ when He assumed it at the incarnation, but that nature was not His and therefore did not make Him a sinner. Christ had to meet, head on, the law (constant force) of sin in our members. This law, according to Paul, makes us slaves to sin. It makes holy living in and of ourselves, impossible, Rom. 7:14-25.[Notice v. 6-24: Christ or H. Spirit mentioned 0 times, law=13; I, me, my=42times] That is why we must be daily "in Christ" and "Christ in us", to be overcomers. Christ conquered our sinful human nature during His life on this earth and finally executed it on the cross, Rom. 8:2,3. That is how Christ took to heaven a glorified humanity, which He is reserving for all believers at His Second Coming (Rom. 8:22-25; Phil. 3:20,21). This is the good news of the gospel. Summation of chapter 7: We are lost except for verse 25 - Jesus Christ saves us. Summation of chapter 7 & 8: Confess your desire to follow Jesus; Admit your utter helplessness to keep from sin; Pray right away for forgiveness; Ask for victory, obey right away (Ps. 18:44); Open your heart to the power of the Holy Spirit. - Love to occupy your time with studying His Word.

    [0770] We read, "Money cannot buy it, intellect cannot grasp it, power cannot command it; but to all who will accept it, God's glorious grace is freely given, as we read five times in Romans 5:15-18. But men may feel their need, and, renouncing all self-dependence, accept salvation as a gift because you were accepted already while still a prodigal son or daughter. Those who enter heaven will not scale its walls by their own righteousness, nor will its gates be opened to them for costly offerings of gold or silver, but they will gain an entrance to the many mansions of the Father's house through the merits of the cross of Christ." {AG 179.2}

    [0796] Understanding the curse. In Christ God reconciled mankind to Himself. `Christ is the "Yes" to all God's promises.' 2. Cor. 1:20 GNB "The Lamb of God (that was slain) is represented before us as in the midst of the throne of God. He is the great ordinance by which man and God are united and commune together. Thus men are represented as sitting in heavenly places (figure of the tabernacle) in Christ Jesus. This is the appointed place of meeting between God and humanity." (MS 7, 1898){7BC 967.5}. "When the right time finally came, God sent His own Son. He came as the son of a human mother and lived under the Jewish Law, to redeem those who were under the Law, so that we might become Christ's sons." Gal. 4:4,5 GNB. Then we read, "Those who depend on obeying the Law live under a curse. For the scripture says, `Whoever does not always obey everything that is written in the book of the Law is under God's curse!" Gal. 3:10 GNB. So we ask, `What is this curse?' It is being abandoned by God, for we read, "At noon the whole country was covered with darkness, which lasted for three hours. At about three o'clock Jesus cried out with a loud shout, `Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?' which means, `My God, my God, why did you abandon me?'" Matth. 27:46 GNB. The "curse" is being cut off, having no contact, a seemingly hopeless situation, which Christ experienced, see Isa. 53:4-10.
    In Paganism man provides the sacrifice to please an angry God. In Christianity God becomes the sacrifice, punishing His own Son, which is explained some more in the link about the wrath of God. That is why we read,
    "In order to fully realize the value of salvation, it is necessary to understand what it cost. In consequence of limited ideas of the sufferings of Christ, many place a low estimate upon the great work of the atonement. The glorious plan of man's salvation was brought about through the infinite love of God and Father. In this divine plan is seen the most marvelous manifestation of the love of God to the fallen race." {2T 200.1}
    "Justice demands that sin be not merely pardoned, but the death penalty must be executed. God, in the gift of His only-begotten Son, met both these requirements. By dying in man's stead, Christ exhausted the penalty and provided a pardon.
    Man through sin has been severed from the life of God. His soul is palsied through the machinations of Satan, the author of sin. Of himself he is incapable of sensing sin, incapable of appreciating and appropriating the divine nature. Were it brought within his reach there is nothing in it that his natural heart would desire it. The bewitching power of Satan is upon him. All the ingenious subterfuges the devil can suggest are presented to his mind to prevent every good impulse. Every faculty and power given him of God has been used as a weapon against the divine Benefactor. So, although He loves him, God cannot safely impart to him the gifts and blessings He desires to bestow.
    But God will not be defeated by Satan. He sent His Son into the world, that through His taking the human form and nature, humanity and divinity combined in Him would elevate man in the scale of moral value with God."
    {1 SM 340,341} The God we worship is not the God of the Middle Ages where He was perceived as sitting at the head of a long table which facilitated the presentation of the gospel as increasing the domination of Christianity, as in a conquest. The establishment of a new Christian kingdom was the goal. Our brothers and sisters of the time often thought, "The more power we accrue, the better of God's mission in this world will be." In later times, however, came thinkers who sought to liberate the people from oppressive religion by reforming the faith. These again were followed by scientists who banished religion and press Christianity to the sidelines thus losing the seat at the head of the table. So, we ask, can Christianity produce good people? What is the answer? Are we meek enough and do we humbly learn of God when we present the gospel? That we want to do, but when the words pierce our hearts, we let them out for all to share and think of the matters before us.
    We must remember that salvation is always interactive. The value of each soul is infinite, 1.John 3:1. Man must show his gratitude by spiritual, that is mindful, understanding worship, Rom. 12:1,2; Gal. 2:20. We glorify our Creator God. How do we glorify God? We live for Him to the same degree He lived and died for us. That means our witness for God must be careful. We cannot bring "strange fire," because God presents His message to the world through the members of His church, Lev. 10:10; 2.Tim. 2:16-21. Using "strange fire" destroys faith in God. Minds become confused and moral perception is impossible. The shortness of time we have, forbids us to be sidetracked from following Christ.

    [0800] If a believer chooses to read the Bible and follow its instructions and teachings to cooperate with God he opens himself up to experience the sanctification of the Spirit. He will become a good citizen on earth as he prepares for life in God's kingdom. That is available to every believer. At this juncture, however, as it always happens on matters of faith, divergent opinions may come in, the theories made by men and gospel reality.
    Men may interpret "foreknowledge" as used in the Bible by presenting their own ideas about predestination, while God links the fate of man to sanctification of the Spirit.
    The converted heart is a rare find. It has been offered that only one in twenty is converted among God's professed people, making such a one a peculiar person. Yet sinners are to be converted from the breaking of God's law to the obedience of God 's law. And yet the world is sprinkled with thousands and thousands of churches, mosques, temples, synagogues and places of worship. Many, many obtain higher education to divide the Word of God rightly, but will they be part of God's kingdom because of that? There is a theological system for every one of them. Why so many doctrines among men? Is it because they desire a method of forgetting God which passes as a method of remembering him? Do they want merely the benefits of religion without its moral demands? And so it is that at one end of the street stands a church where biblical standards are upheld and where gospel transformation is preached, and at the other end of the street men and women are told that they belong to Jesus although Bible claims are not pressed. One church goes by the Bible; another is the setting for spiritual snake oil.
    The whole of the race has made commitments to sin. Few are committed heart and soul to moral renovation. False assumptions lead to non-gospel outcomes. All the world groans, waiting for the manifestations of the sons of God, the conclusive demonstration of the power of the gospel which Heaven has promised and which will put sin out of business and redeem man.
    Christians are elect unto obedience and the sprinkling of the blood of Christ (1.Peter 1:2). It is God's intention, through sanctification, to enable our present obedience (1 Tim. 1:12). - And so it is true, we learn a great deal of independence in the world but where do we go to learn how to cooperate with God's keeping power? We know Jesus is willing to make us clean, but are we wondering whether He thinks us personally worthwhile of making us clean? Where then are the results? Why do we not feel clean? Why do we think sinful thoughts consistently? - The answer comes when we recognize that we are subject to a radical misunderstanding of the Bible. In quite a general way, the power of faith is misunderstood. - God's miraculous power is revealed in His creation and we may discover that the miracles of Christ are not accessories or appendages to creation, they are examples of God's core intention for man: to make free, holy beings.
    Beings who are willing to enter through that narrow gate and difficult path (Mt. 7:14). God's word says, "... he who sins against me wrongs his own soul; all those who hate me love death," Prov. 8:36; Dt. 6:24. Yet, while faith is the central feature of monotheism, it is one of the most poorly understood elements in western Christianity. What is the difference between faith and presumption? The latter is being disobedient while still expecting God's blessings. Presumption always has to do with sin, but not a life based on faith. Rome's legal emphasis set men towards a `salvation by works plan.' In Protestantism arose a reaction to that Catholic imbalance, but some of its central thinkers counter-balanced too far; they sharply diminished the role of works. Calvin and Luther, who all studied as lawyers, laid their emphasis on the plan of salvation - not as physicians, but as jurists. Therefore, all roads do not lead to salvation. To disregard any part of God's word leads away from God and His kingdom. The principles of God are written into our nervous system, glands and mind - when ignored, they result in shattered nerves, diseases, and unhappiness of every kind.
    How is the person made whole (Mt. 9:22; 15:28; Mk. 5:34)?
    Jesus says many times to people that their faith made them whole. How so? While faith can never be a solitary matter - it has to have an object - it is not to be understood as being made whole in our body cells only, but rather the whole person is to made whole, cells and spirit, our thinking mind. So we realize that faith is an acid, it burns through our cold heart and barriers, which sin has put up in us, Galatians 5:4-6. No one is made right by an independent obedience to the law. If it is done apart from God then it is done apart from transforming power. It is hollow and unwatered by grace and love. The Spirit must accomplish work inside us, an inner work. It is not by wearing certain types of clothing or beards, being Jewish or any other ethnicity that recreates us. It is faith which works by love. Real faith works. It cannot be idle or sit inert in a jar. Head knowledge can condemn but it is unable to transform. We must believe in Jesus, Acts 16:31. We must embrace, appropriate, have joy, transact with Him. We must have His merits, but it is not just a lawyerly thing. Saving faith puts us in a covenant relationship with God. It brings life to us. It helps us to have more spiritual vigor, more confiding trust in God. By these `your soul' becomes a conquering power.
    In what way? In the exercise of faith.
    Salvation must be larger than our giving intellectual ascent to what Jesus did for us on the cross. - A development of our faith takes place, a demonstration of the gospel, that only reaches its fullness in the last time, the time of the end, 1.Peter 1:5.
    So we ask, `But what can the gospel do? Can the gospel keep men from sinning? When the plan of salvation is unleashed in the lives of believers, what will be seen?
    God is ready. He has brought His people to this time. He has something for the world and the universe ready to be revealed in the last time. The Reformation is not yet finished. More needs to be reformed. There is a need to go further back in the search for true gospel - to the Bible. We are not to be merely reformers but restorers. We are to throw away the traditions and practices of man that are found to be unbiblical, and restore Bible standards. We have not been radical enough in following God - not willing enough to say, `I don't need that anymore, all I want is Jesus.' We have become contented without having drilled-through the truth so we can, with God's help, go deeper. [After thoughts by L. Kirkpatrick]

    [809] Satan uses also this argument to discourage followers of Christ who want to obey His Word. He says in effect, "Jesus fulfilled the law, thereby doing away with it, so you do not need to worry about it any more." What does the Bible say?
    "For if the first covenant had been FAULTLESS, then should no place have been sought for the second. For FINDING FAULT WITH THEM, he says, Behold, the days come, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant." Hebrews 8:7,8. (also here.)
    For the Jews as well as many Christians, words were written in their heart, but not love of God and a knowledge of true salvation. They had it all figured out, or so they thought. A Jew could walk only a mile on the Sabbath day, he could only do this or that much, not more. The rabbinical laws were plentiful. Formalism was rampant in the Jewish nation. By virtue of being born a Jew they thought they had a place in the kingdom of God. Refusing light from heaven, however, led to the situation that the true gospel was a secret, a closed book to them. But what was a "closed" system of salvation for the Israelites, is now open to all for God wants us to know all these truths about His good news for us. The deep down `agape' love meaning of the words of the law were to be written in their hearts and minds from now on. Did that change the wording of the Ten Commandments? Of course not, they were now to be kept by faith - including the 4th commandment. The aspect of `fault' therefore has to do with faulty interpretation of the intent of the Law, the promises, on the part of the Jews. The Law of God, the transcript of His character, cannot be called `faulty'. Our relation to it is `faulty'. Therefore, when Paul writes, "if the first covenant had been faultless" he does not mean to say that the Law of God was not faultless, that is faulty, but the relationship of the people to the covenant was not faultless because of a mistaken application and interpretation of Its intend by the Jews having to do with the promise, Hebr. 8:6,7.
    Therefore, we may read the above scripture in a free rendition this way, `For if the first covenant had been faultlessly obeyed by you (the Jews), then should no place have been sought for the second. For FINDING FAULT WITH THEM (the Jews), he says, Behold, the days come, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant.' In other words, we should never suppose that a perfect God sets up faulty stipulations or laws. Sinful man is full of faults, not God. That is why fault finding is a great sin because they would find fault with God if such would be in heaven.

    [0830] God's method of imparting the divine nature on man is righteousness by faith (Gal. 5:5; Acts 17:31). God influences man always from the inside out (Prov. 23:26; Rm. 8:9-11; 1Jn. 4:12; Ga. 4:19), while Satan always comes from the outside in, (Ja. 1:3-15; Mt. 4:1-3). How Satan works today among God's professed people is well put in these lines, "The enemy is preparing for his last campaign against the church. He has so concealed himself from view that many can hardly believe that he exists, much less can they be convinced of his amazing activity and power. They have to a great extent forgotten his past record; and when he makes another advance move, they will not recognize him as their enemy, that old serpent, but they will consider him a friend, one who is doing a good work. Boasting of their independence they will, under his specious, bewitching influence, obey the worst impulses of the human heart and yet believe that God is leading them. Could their eyes be opened to distinguish their captain, they would see that they are not serving God, but the enemy of all righteousness. They would see that their boasted independence is one of the heaviest fetters Satan can rivet on unbalanced minds." {5T 294.1} We could think of a list of things people occupy themselves with today for illustration.

    [823] In German that was like, "Wenn die Münze schon im Becher klingt, die Seele aus dem Fegefeuer in den Himmel springt."

    [855] Ever since the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple of the Jews, their passover was held in their homes and acquired the name "seder." On such a day the head of the household would say something like, since there is no sacrifice of a lamb at the temple anymore, the family has "no sacrifice to make them righteous." That means, those participating in such `seder' feasts, participates in a tradition which rejects Christ and His great sacrifice on the cross. For this reason no believing Christian should participate in such ceremonial feasts which repudiates Christ as our sacrifice and mediator.

    [0860] Some Aspects of Calvinistic views compared to What the Bible Teaches to show that the love of God, the gospel, can be expressed in many ways, but God has only one church on earth.

    Total Depravity: Sin is not total depravity, it is total corporate guilt in crucifying Christ. When we reject Christ, we are like the Jews who rejected the Savior. That is our corporate guilt. Calvin was trying to express that idea but could not quite find the right words to say it with.
    Unconditional Election: We are not decreed in advance to be either elected of God or elected to be lost. In effect it revises the Lord's Prayer to say, not "Thy will be done in earth like it is in heaven," but "Thy will must and will be done ..." The Bible teaches God has "elected all men" to be saved and they will be, unless they interpose a rebellious will to contradict His election. But this greater truth does not encourage disobedience. Faith in the Lord's "election" motivates to total harmony with Him in obedience. If we let the Lord have His way, He will lead us all the way into His eternal kingdom. All hell cannot keep one out of heaven unless he chooses to reject His (God's) "election." In restoring to us our freedom of choice. Christ permits us to nullify and defeat God's purpose of love for us if we choose. "The sinner may resist this love, he may refuse to be drawn to Christ, but if He does not resist, he will be drawn to Jesus." {SC 27}.
    Limited Atonement: This ends up to mean that Christ did not die for every one of us, but only for those few who are the "elect" in the understanding of the successors of Calvin. The truth is that Christ has purchased the gift of salvation for "all men" and has given the gift to them "in Himself," which is described as a thorough investigation followed by a "judicial ... verdict of acquital ... for all men", (Gen. 3:8-19; Rom. 5:15-18). God's Judgment results in:

    1. The Son of man is crowned, Dan. 7:14.
    2. The saints receive the kingdom which lasts forever, Dan. 7:22, 27.
    3. The rebellion is defeated and destroyed, Dan. 7:25, 26.
    4. The absolute justice of God has been demonstrated, Ps. 51:4; Rom. 3:4.

    God wants all to be saved and before the foundation of the world He predestined all to be saved (Eph. 1:3-6). That means the initiative to be saved comes from God. But "God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto Himself, not imputing their tresspasses unto them", all this was done at the cross before anyone of us were alive, (2.Cor. 5:19). He became "the Savior of the world" (Jh. 4:42), "the Savior of all men, especially of those that believe", (2.Tim. 4:10 Demas chose the world). Not merely would-like-to-be-saved. - Those who are lost have chosen to sell their birth-right since they despised the free gift. (Gen. 25:34; Hebr. 12:14-16). What Christ did is free, full atonement is given in a legal sense to "all men," but we have a probationary life to live nevertheless.
    Though the wages of sin is death, this reconciliation purchased time for all of fallen humanity and is the reason why we are not struck down immediately upon sinning. Jesus, by His death, purchased time, time for us to live out our lives and choose either to accept His substitutionary death personally or not; time to decide whether we want to be part of God's eternal family or not. For every person who ever walked the face of this earth, Jesus purchased probationary time with the blood He spilled at Calvary's cross. Every breath we take has been purchased by that blood, and for this reason, our lives are not our own, but have been bought "for a price" (1.Cor. 6:20; 7:23) of infinite value. Jesus' death released the tension that existed between God and man, reconciling the two. Father God, God Son and the Holy Spirit were only once separated. Only once was the everlasting bond among them severed. Only once was one of the eternal trio forced to experience the total abandonment and separation from the others; a separation that literally broke the heart of the Son of God, Ps. 22:1; Mt. 27:46; Zech. 13:7 deep down it means to say that. [Rick Howard, The Omega Rebellion, p.65.]
    The only alternative is a `limited atonement.' If Christ did not truly save you when He "saved the world," then you have been short-changed by a "limited atonement"! Only thing left to do, `Move on into unlimited grace!'
    Irresistible Grace: When it comes time to go to church or prayer meeting, for many the temptation to stay home seems strong. But the problem is not the strength of the temptation; it is rather that we do not see how much stronger God's grace is. When we present the law of God, we are not trying to "frustrate" God's grace, Gal. 2:21. Frustrated `grace' turns into lukewarmness which permeates churches everywhere. But our true love of what Jesus did when He became the `Savior of the world,' motivates us to endless devotion.
    Perseverance of the Saints: The Calvinistic idea is that once you are saved, you can or will never fall. The sanctuary tells us not to look at the `perseverance of the saints' but rather at the `perseverance of Christ'. Akin to such teachings is that when some say that the Lord got us started in a "relationship" with Jesus, but then He drops us and it is up to us to "maintain it" by three duties: (1) prayer, (2) Bible study, and (3) witnessing. These are all excellent things a Christian does, but not as acts of works-righteousness. Jesus, like a doctor who helps bring a child into the world and then does not walk away but places it into the arms of the mother, so Jesus; He not only initiates the saving relationship, He maintains it as well. That is often hard to understand because we cannot quite understand His great `agape' love for each one of us - His love never fails, 1.Cor. 13:8. The idea that it is hard to be saved and easy to be lost is not true for it neglects to remember God's great love for you.

    [0900] More than that, when an offering was made, the blood would be sprinkled "round about upon the altar" (Leviticus 1:5, 11; 3:2, 8, 13; 7:2; 8:15, etc.). The blood was also sprinkled before the vail (Leviticus 4:6, 17). On Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement) the blood was actually taken within the vail and sprinkled upon the kapporeth, the "atonement piece," the lid of the ark, often called the "mercy seat."

    [0935] E.J. Waggoner, Christ and His Righteousness, Glad Tidings Publishers, p. 76,77.

    [0955] "True prayer, offered in faith, is a power to the petitioner. Prayer, whether offered in the public assembly, at the family altar, or in secret, places man directly in the presence of God. By constant prayer the youth may obtain principles so firm that the most powerful temptations will not draw them from their allegiance to God." {`Youth Instructor,' Febr. 15, 1900, par. 1; Col. 1:9}. That statement is not given to ignore Christ's heavenly ministration as mediator in the heavenly sanctuary. It works hand in hand. God the Father loves us just the same as Jesus does. There is no difference in that love.

    [1000] In God's providence the slaying of the paschal lamb coincided with the Passover in that year, 31 A.D., exactly with Christ dying on the cross. When Caiaphas rend his cloths (Mt. 26:65) conviction, mingled with passion, caused him to do this. He was furious with himself for believing Christ's words, and instead of rending his heart under a deep sense of truth, and confessing that Jesus was the Messiah, he rent his priestly robes in determined resistance. The rending of the veil also teaches that from then on, the shadowy sacrifices, rites and services in the Jewish tabernacle, sanctuary were fulfilled and over, never again to be performed. To start up such services again would deny the all sufficiency of the sacrifice of Christ on the cross. Christ's first words after they had gathered about the table were "With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer: for I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God.". . . Luke 22:16.

    [1080] When you read Daniel chapter 7 one verse after another you should notice a change in subject from verse 8 to 9. Verse 8 talks about the earthly level, the little horn and verses 9 to 10 about the heavenly level, the throne of God and the setting of the judgment.

    Earthly Level Heavenly Level
    Dan. 7:1-8, 11-12, 15-21, 23-25, 28. Dan. 7:9-10, 13-14, 22, 26-27.

    - But notice, in verses 11 to 12 Daniel coontinues talking about the earthly level and the horn. Then, in verses 13 and 14 Daniel sees again the heavenly realm. -- This is typical Hebrew writing. As you can tell the events of the earthly realm are dotted with two inserts about the events in the heavenly realm coming up. - In other words, we should not read this chapter as presenting events in strict chronology. If you read Daniel 7:1-8 followed by 11-12, you read the history of the horn power. Next, if you read then Dan. 7:9-10, followed by 13-14, you read heavenly events.

    [1110] That was so because the reformers dealt primarily with the priests as they were doing their work in the RCC system.

    [1220] Which Bible is the best version? It would be the Bible Jesus used, wouldn't it? Well, in the English language, before the 1611 King James Bible, there were other Bibles: The Bischop's Bible, Wicklif's Bible (14th cent.) translated from the Vulgate, Geneva Bible plus others. But where does the word "cleansed" in Daniel 8:14 come from? We find it already in Wickliff's Bible of the 14th century. Where did Wickliff get it from? Well, he got it from the Latin Vulgate which was put together by Origen. The Latin word for `cleansed' is "mundabidur". Of course we know that the oldest translation of the Old Testament was the Septuagint. In the Septuagint, which word do we find for cleansed? It is the word "kataristhesetai". But the Septuagint translation of the Book of Daniel is a very poor translation. There are only 2 manuscripts known of this version. However, in the Aramaic language the word used for cleansed in Daniel 8:14 is "tsadaq". In Leviticus 16 we find the word "taher" for cleansed. There are only four Bible texts which use that word in parallelism. These are: "tsadaq" in Job 4:17 (2891, pure);17:9 (2891, taher) and "zakah" in Job 15:14 (2135, zakah, clean); Job 25:4 (2135, zakah). "The word "taher" is related to "zakah" and is related to "tsadaq" and the idea of cleansing is inherent in these words." [Prof. Helmer Lindgreen?, University of Berkley and Upsala, fr. a recording.] In fact there are 209 examples known in the Aramaic literature in which the Hebrew word `sadaq' is translated into the Aramaic word `zaqar', which means "cleansed". That is why we can trust the translators of the Septuagint when they translated `sadaq' in Daniel 8:14 with "cleansed." They were not coining a new word nor making a new translation, they were simply using the term in harmony with one of its well known meanings. - We can conclude that in Daniel 8:14 the idea of `cleansed' is certainly present. But even more is present: the idea of vindication, restoration and justification. That means that in Daniel 8:14 a cleansing activity of the sanctuary takes place, a vindication activity, a restoration activity and a justifying activity takes place. What is the sanctuary that is being cleansed? Elder Ludwig Richard Conradi (FYI: 1856 at Cochem -1939 in a convent; schrieb: `Weissagung & Weltgeschichte, 1922) said, "The word sanctuary in Daniel 8:14 means truth. What happened in 1843 (to use his date) is that the `truth' was cleansed." Was he right? Other authorities said, `No, it does not mean truth, it means God's people.' That means that in 1844 God's people on earth were cleansed or are in the process of it since then. Still other interpreters said, `No, it doesn't mean truth or God's people, it means the altar. The altar that was defiled by Antiochus Epiphanes with his pagan sacrifices.' The majority, however, say, `No, this world is the sanctuary (Hebr. `qodesh' vs. `miqdash') which was cleansed. But it was not the sanctuary in heaven but the temple on earth defiled by Antiochus Epiphanes.' - How can we know which of these are true? The word `qodesh, qadesh' occurs 196 times in the OT. It can mean `to be sanctified' or `to be set apart or separated.' Studied by Dr. Gerhard Hasel PhD (1935-1994), he discovered that `qodesh' never means `truth (`emeth')', `altar (`mizbach')', `people (`am')' or `God's people' in the Bible.
    Only the word `sanctuary (miqdash)' remains, but which sanctuary is it? That on earth or in heaven? To decide we look at Daniel chapter 8 and find that in verses 3,4 and 5 to 7 we are on the earthly level. In verse 8, 9-12 we have a movement from earth towards heaven by that `little' horn. In verses 13 and 14 Daniel does not see anything; he only hears since he is now in the heavenly realm. That is why in context the sanctuary referred to is in heaven.
    Another question asked by Dr. Schwital (Bible teacher Seminar Marienhöhe, wrote, `Grosskirche und Sekte,' Saatkorn Verlag; died 1962) is this, `How come that in Daniel 8 we have the end point and what happened at the end point of the 2300 evenings and mornings, without ever learning exactly the beginning point. Why would that be the case?'
    Here is Dr. Hasel's answer: For Hebrews their thinking is different from ours. Frequently God uses the Hebrew mentality to stress certain high points before logical sequence would take place. In Daniel 8 we have this great activity described which takes place in the heavenly sanctuary in 1844 before ever being told when exactly the beginning time is. But we know already from the context that the beginning point must be in the `ram' kingdom, that of Medo-Persia (539-331 BC). But the specific starting point has not yet been revealed, that is why Daniel got sick according to Daniel 8:27. He was puzzled. Everything had been explained except the time element. But then the Lord said something to him which is very important for us today, "And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told [is] true: wherefore shut thou up the vision; for it [shall be] for many days." Dan. 8:26. The word for "vision" in verse 26 is not the same word used for "vision" in verse 13. So, if you want to know what truth is, God is saying that the cleansing of the sanctuary is truth. [Dan. 8:13 `vision' Strong's Conc. #2377 (chazown); 8:26 `vision' #4758 (mareh).] Why did the reformers not understand these prophecies? Because the vision was sealed. Those holding that Antiochus Epiphanes fulfills this prophecy have the intense problem of Daniel 8:17,19 to deal with. There the angel Gabriel tells Daniel that the vision pertains to "the time of the end." In fact verse 19 repeats the same idea slightly different, saying the vision pertains to "for at the time appointed the end shall be." That rules out the era of Antiochus Epiphanes (175-164 BC) entirely. His era was not the time of the end. - Those who argue that there is no verb relationship between Daniel 8:14 and Leviticus 16 are right, but there is a noun relationship. The word `qodesh' used in Daniel 8:14 is the very word used in Leviticus 16 seven times, the perfect number (#4720, qodesh; see Lev. 16:2,3,16,17,20,23,27 - confirmed by CIAS), for the `Day of Atonement' cleansing of the sanctuary. Therefore, when a Hebrew reader read what Daniel wrote, there was one thing that popped into his mind, namely the great day of atonement cleansing of the sanctuary.
    Question: But why did Daniel not use the same word for `cleansing' that is used in Leviticus?
    Answer: Because the cleansing of the heavenly sanctuary is much more momentous than any cleansing of an earthly sanctuary and, therefore, required a dedicated, special word, i.e. , `tsadaq'. The cleansing of the sanctuary in 1844 is the cleansing that brings into view a cosmic scale, the wrapping up of the plan of redemption. That is good news.
    Question: Why was the sacrifice in the sanctuary not the end but the beginning of the sanctuary service?
    Answer (important): After the sacrifice there was the ceremony, placing the blood upon the horns of the altar, not only in the outer court, but in the holy place; recorded as with an iron pen and with the point of a diamond, Jer. 17:1. Of a certainty the cross is central. Without the sacrifice NOTHING else is possible. But the cross BEGINS the process of atonement. After all that is what this whole thing is about -- atonement. All aspects of the services do not stop at the cross for if they did, why and where is there our advocate before the Father? (1.John 2:1; Rom. 8:34; Hebr. 7:25) Why does the Book of Hebrews talk in so much detail about what happens AFTER the cross? Why, if the cross is all there is, does Jesus become our High Priest, after the order of Melchizidek? Why do we need a High Priest, AFTER the cross?
    This is why. The cross begins a process, that does not end until the final destruction of evil AFTER the 1000 years, the Millennium. [The judgment of the wicked, Rev. 20:4-6; Luke 22:30; 1.Cor. 6:2.]
    But it is Christ's supreme sacrifice along with the fact that He lived in the flesh without spot or blemish that gave Him the right to confer upon all who would accept--that same perfection. To be clothed in His righteousness.
    But just HOW is this accomplished? As in the OT sanctuary service, we need a high priest. We cannot plead our own case. Of course the difference now is that Christ is all at once, our sacrifice, our High Priest and our Intercessor (Eph. 5:2; Hebr. 2:17; Isa. 59:16). The one who pleads our hopeless case before the throne of God.
    Question: Why is this still necessary, even after the perfect sacrifice has been accomplished?
    Answer: Because we have an adversary who accuses us before the Father day and night (1.Peter 5:8). Satan claims that we have no right to live with the Father, because we are sinners, 2.Cor. 5:17-19; Isa. 42:21. And Satan goes through the litany of our sins, (Rev. 12:10). And there we are, standing before the throne (not literally but by our records). But as the Father looks upon us He sees only the perfect virtue of His only Son. We are arrayed in His fine linen, clean and white without spot or wrinkle, Eph. 5:27; Hebr. 9:14; 1.Peter 1:19. When this work shall have been accomplished in (it is possible only in cooperation with God), then Christ's followers will be ready for His appearing, "Then shall the offering of Judah and Jerusalem (God's OT church) be pleasant unto the Lord, as in the days of old, and as in the former years (looking forward to God's NT church at the end)." Mal. 3:4; Rev. 19:7. If Jesus stopped at the cross we would all be lost trying to present our case before the Father.{EW, 268,269}
    And looking upon this scene is the whole of the unfallen worlds. They are looking to see the vindication of God's decision to expel Satan from heaven and doom him to eternal destruction (Jer. 29:23; 42:5; Mt. 24:14). Not until the "accuser of our brothers . . .has been thrown out of heaven" will the "throne of God and of the Lamb" be restored again. (Rev. 12:10 ESV, GNB; 22:3 KJV).
    There is much that happens beyond the cross, but the cross made it all possible. Except the cross would have been meaningless without Christ's perfect life. For He could have been crucified, but not resurrected. So beyond the cross is the resurrection. And beyond the resurrection is the trial and final judgment. God in His loving kindness lets us know these truths so we will realize what it takes to become ready for Christ's Second Coming. Hopefully it will lead us to speak words of kindness to those around us. I pastors and church members would show how to carry out 1.Corintians 13, many problems would disappear.

    [1500] We believe that Paul wrote the Book of Hebrews as also testified to by Ellen White. She wrote, "Paul wrote to these brethren as "saints in Christ Jesus;" but he was not writing to those who were perfect in character. He wrote to them as men and women who were striving against temptation and who were in danger of falling. He pointed them to "the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that Great Shepherd of the sheep." He assured them that "through the blood of the everlasting covenant" He will "make you perfect in every good work to do His will, working in you that which is well pleasing in His sight, through Jesus Christ." Phil. 1:1; Hebrews 13:20, 21. {MH 167.2; See also MB 71.2}

    [1510] It may help the reader to better understand that phrase "By the which will we are . . ." of Hebr. 10:10, as it is given in the KJV, to point out what it sounds like in other translations. Sometimes, when reading it, it is not quite like we talk today. The word "will" has nothing to do with: `I, you, he, she will,' it is a noun. It means our will where our willpower resides, by whose "will", namely Christ's. [Hebr. 10:26-30 is a warning against future apostasy.]

    [1600] On the Material World and Rationalism. The material world is under God's control. The laws of nature are obeyed by nature. Everything speaks and acts the will of the Creator. Cloud and sunshine, dew and rain, wind and storm, all are under the supervision of God, and yield implicit obedience to His command. It is in obedience to the law of God that the spire of grain bursts through the ground, "first the blade, then the ear, after that the full corn in the ear." Mark 4:28. These the Lord develops in their proper season because they do not resist His working. And can it be that man, made in the image of God, endowed with reason and speech, shall alone be unappreciative of His gifts and disobedient to His will? Shall rational beings alone cause confusion in our world?
    In everything that tends to the sustenance of man is seen the concurrence of divine and human effort. There can be no reaping unless the human hand acts its part in the sowing of the seed. But without the agencies which God provides in giving sunshine and showers, dew and clouds, there would be no increase. Thus it is in every business pursuit, in every department of study and science. Thus it is in spiritual things, in the formation of the character, and in every line of Christian work. We have a part to act, but we must have the power of divinity to unite with us, or our efforts will be in vain.
    Whenever man accomplishes anything, whether in spiritual or in temporal lines, he should bear in mind that he does it through co-operation with his Maker. There is great necessity for us to realize our dependence on God. Too much confidence is placed in man, too much reliance on human inventions. There is too little confidence in the power which God stands ready to give. "We are laborers together with God." 1 Corinthians 3:9. Immeasurably inferior is the part which the human agent sustains; but if he is linked with the divinity of Christ, he can do all things through the strength that Christ imparts.

    [1710] The time of trouble commences when probation closes. We read, "And the angel took the censer, and filled it with fire of the altar, and cast it into the earth: and there were voices, and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquake. And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense (since people sin much), that he should offer it with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne. And the smoke of the incense, which came with the prayers of the saints, ascended up before God out of the angel's hand. And the angel took the censer, and filled it with fire of the altar, and cast it into the earth: and there were voices, and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquake." Rev. 8:3-5.
    These verses describe the work of angels that excel in strength in bringing our prayers for forgiveness to the attention of God, Ps. 103:20. Here we learn that at some point, no more prayers and incense will be offered upon the golden altar, because the censer will be cast into the earth, which will cause much trouble on earth. This period corresponds to the close of probation and the period of the seven plagues. Shortly before Jesus returns, there will be a time when no more prayers for forgiveness will be accepted by God, and there will be no more changing of loyalties from one side to the other. All decisions will be made, and they will be final. Surely this is the most serious time that has ever been known in all of earth's history. It is the time when we have learned not to rely on our feelings at all, just on faith. Right now we may know that God is not waiting for more evil to occur, more papal announcements, He is waiting for His special people to be sealed to claim them as His own.

    [1714] The Bible on: `Taken' or `Left Behind'. We are not saved in groups; that could be seen as wholesale acquittal which is not in the provision of God. The purity and devotion of one will not offset the want of these qualities in another. . . . Every one must be tested, and found without spot or wrinkle or any such thing, Job 10:14; Nahum 1:3. All who have truly repented of sin, and by faith claimed the blood of Christ as their atoning sacrifice, have had pardon entered against their names in the books of heaven; as they have become partakers of the righteousness of Christ, and their characters are found to be in harmony with the law of God, the standard of righteousness; the sins of these will be blotted out, and they themselves will be accounted worthy of eternal life. The Lord declares, . . . "I, even I, am he that blotteth out thy transgressions for mine own sake, and will not remember thy sins." Isa. 43:25. Basically that means, those who decided not to bather to uphold God's principles, their sins will not be blotted out and they loose out on salvation.
    But what about those who are taken and those who are left behind?
    We read, "The one shall be taken, and the other left" there are two schools of interpretation among commentators. Some feel that those "taken" are taken in destruction; others, that they are taken to be with the Lord. To determine the correct interpretation, let us study the source of these sayings of Jesus in context.
    We read in Matthew and in Genesis and note the brown colored phrase and the underlined words:


    "But as the days of Noe were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. Then shall two be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left." Matthew 24:37-40. "All in whose nostrils was the breath of life, of all that was in the dry land, died. And every living substance was destroyed which was upon the face of the ground, both man, and cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of the heaven; and they were destroyed from the earth: and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in the ark." Genesis 7:22,23.
    In the English, the important correlation may not be quite as evident as in the Hebrew, but the brown colored phrase in both scriptures states essentially the same when talking about those who did not survive the Flood. Before we are going to the next point, let us examine the word "then" from Matthew 24:23. We remember that the word "Then" points to a time frame of events. Then what (occurred)? The `kataklusmos', the `cataclysm', the flood" occurred, Luke 17:26, 27.
    The last two points underscore how these two scriptures parallel each other.
    Where one has . . . `the field' the other has . . . `the earth'
    Where one has . . . `taken' the other has . . . `destroyed'
    Where one has . . . `left' the other has . . . `remained alive'

    This way we let the Bible carefully explain itself. In the mind of the ancients and in those of Jesus' days, there was no confusion on this point.
    Question: According to Genesis 7, who died and who remained alive? What do we read?
    Answer: We read that all air breathing living things, including people, died except for Noah and his family. The exact wording is, "... and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in the ark." Gen. 7:23b KJV.
    Other Bible versions say it as follows,
    1. "Only Noah was left ...." NIV.
    2. "The only ones left were Noah . . ." Good News Bible (TEV).
    3. "all wicked blotted out" American Standard Bible (ASB).
    4. "all wicked were destroyed" Jerusalem Bible.
    5. "all wicked were wiped out" New English Bible (NEB).
    The Hebrew word of interest is , pronounced `shawar'. (See Strong's Concordance #7604). `Shawar' has the meaning of `surviving after a process of elimination' and is translated as `remained' and `left.' We find this word also in Exodus 10:19 (remained); 14:28 (remained); Judges 4:16 (left); 1.Samuel 9:24 (left) and Ruth 1:3 (left). Each time the word means someone or something that survived a process of elimination.
    That is why Noah `shawar-survived' the Flood, while the wicked were what?
    The wicked were "taken", that is, they were destroyed, they were overtaken by death, as we read above.
    That means the often heard idea that Jesus meant to say that those who were taken, were taken up into heaven and those `left', are the wicked is flawed. It is exactly the other way around. The righteous were `left', they survived to be with Jesus, while the wicked were `taken' by death as we read above. However there may be other instances where we say it the other way around. The Bible rule applies only to the scriptures which compare the Second Coming with the Flood.
    We may say, that the commandments are not ten prohibitions. The Ten Commandments are not an arbitrary decree which God issues leaving the entire responsibility of performance with us, but how they are rather the statement of what will be the result if we allow Him to have His way with us. God has charged Himself with our salvation, and even as He is in Christ, reconciling the world to Himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them, so He Himself becomes responsible for the obedience of every one who sees and acknowledges Him. - - Therefore,
    The First Commandment proclaims God as the only Saviour from bondage to sin;
    The Second commandment preserved men from setting up false idols which cannot save.;
    The Third commandment proclaimed the name and character of the true God who alone can save. Anyone taking that name unto himself would benefit from it.;
    The Fourth commandment means, the God whose name meant salvation has worked through creation and redemption in order that He might offer us His Sabbath rest.;
    The Fifth commandment means, knowing God as Creator progressed to the contemplation of Him as Father. Human parenthood was modeled after the Fatherhood of God. By rendering honor to human parents man learns the proper honor due to God.
    The Sixth commandment shows God upholding the sanctity of life originating with Him.;
    The Seventh commandment upholds the sanctity of life by keeping it pure and unadulterated, Rom. 1:24; 6:12. And so, through a natural order and progression God adapted the heavenly law of His character to the sinner's need.
    The Eighth commandment lets us know not to desire what is not ours.
    The Ninth commandment tells us not to lie.
    The Tenth commandment tells us not to desire or covet what is not ours. The breaking of this commandment can quickly lead to break all others.

    [1720] Please notice that we are talking about sinless (blameless) living, not sinlessness or perfectionism. Sinless living has to do with reproducing Christ's character of selfless love in sinful flesh, our disordered human organism. This `holy living' (mentally and practically) or process produces no change in our inherited nature; that nature will not be changed until the Second Coming. But it is also true, that no one can force us to sin. But we are forgetful, and creatures of habits which have not yet come under control, and so we realize that it is an uphill battle (Eph. 6:10-18). Our only hope is the grace of God and that He knows our heart. So we read these words, "But those who are waiting to behold a magical change in their characters without determined effort on their part to overcome sin, will be disappointed. We have no reason to fear while looking to Jesus, no reason to doubt but that He is able to save to the uttermost all that come unto Him (Hebr. 7:25); but we may constantly fear lest our old nature will again obtain the supremacy, that the enemy shall devise some snare whereby we shall again become his captives (2.Tim. 2:26). We are to work out our own salvation with fear and trembling, for it is God that worketh in you to will and to do of His good pleasure (Phil. 2:12,13).
    We are to grow daily in spiritual loveliness (Hebr. 3:13). We shall fail often in our efforts to copy the divine pattern. We shall often have to bow down to weep at the feet of Jesus, because of our shortcomings and mistakes; but we are not to be discouraged; we are to pray more fervently, believe more fully, and try again with more steadfastness to grow into the likeness of our Lord. As we distrust our own power, we shall trust the power of our Redeemer, and render praise to God, who is the health of our countenance, and our God.
    By beholding we are to become changed (2.Cor. 3:18); and as we meditate upon the perfections of the divine Model, we shall desire to become wholly transformed, and renewed in the image of His purity. It is by faith in the Son of God that transformation takes place in the character, and the child of wrath becomes the child of God."
    {AG 302.3-5; Ephesians chapter 1.}

    [1844] Please pardon me when this sounds redundant; however, it is close to what we experience in our world today every day and may serve as a good example of dying daily to self. The example I like to use is how to handle traffic because in those minutes or hours people's patience is taxed extremely often and we must guard to let the Holy Spirit not leave our side as we move about. It may help to think of the people around you as your loved family members and when things happen, always follow the golden rule for all 10 commandments are easily trespassed in those situations.

    [2000] German Theologian Ernst Troeltsch (1865-1923), `The Social Teaching of the Christian Church', coined the word "cult", defining it as `Any spiritual oriented group or movement that was neither a church nor a sect', later to be altered into any group advocating `curious and unconventional belief and behavior.' Probably the closest Bible term may be the word `heathen'. A `heathen' was anyone not believing in the Creator God. The Bible recognizes only two religions, churches or world views, true and false, faith in God or adherence to Satan; it does not recognize a middle ground. Thus, the above definitions on cult are misleading and apparently tailored to please large religious systems as the RCC, Islam, Hindhus, Buddhists and the like. `Doomsday' religions are frequently considered in the above referenced concept of `cult', however, what is not being said is, that all Christian religions have a doomsday in their theology. Some just preach it more than others. Why? Because the Bible teaches a definite end of all civilizations in this world at the Appearing of the Lord God of Heaven. That is a non-negotiable event still in the not too distant future. The latest doomsday time setter appears to be Harold Camping who teaches that Jesus will return on May 21, 2011, on the basis of ill conceived and complicated mathematics only he really understands. One might conclude, well, as long as someone sets a date, and the Bible says it is futile, Jesus will never be able to come, for then some date will be correct. ... When Jesus comes no one will think of the date setters, all eyes will be riveted to the sky.

    [2005] So they say, `Oh you Adventists, you made this up, this teaching of yours on the sanctuary to hide your embarassment when Christ did not come in 1844.' What is our answer? Well, thousands and thousands of all Protestant denominations followed the call and were waiting for Jesus to come in October 1844. None of them were Seventh day Adventists. They were of all Protestant denominations of the time. God, having given the signs of the great earthquake, the moon turning its color as if it was blood and the meteroite shower of 1833, were certainly very impressive and undeniable. It caused everybody to look up to the sky. They heard what Miller and his fellow clerics preached and they believed. Their time of studying the prophecies of the Bible on the subject of Christ's Second Coming was the second watch, and yes, there may be some overlapping with the first watch (see encyclo `watch'). But then 1844 passed and Christ had not come. That is called a test of who really is a part of God's people. Thousands abandoned ship. It was now evident that they had only joined for the heavenly journey, because of the promised blessings and because of fear. They did not truly love the Lord with all their heart. Merely some 50 people clung to their faith and followed through. So it is today. There may perhaps be a handful compared to the billions on earth who will follow through and be counted among God's people when the time of trouble comes. Why? Because churches preach falsehoods today. They preach they will be raptured out of this world before the time of trouble. Daniel knew that God's people will not be raptured from the world, its problems and persecutions, but out of it. Out of the middle of it, when they are happening, Daniel 12:1. - Lesson to learn, beware of sermonizers who do not substantiate each doctrine and viewpoint with scripture and let it decide the truth.

    [2200] "By His obedience to all the commandments of God, Christ wrought out a redemption for men. This was not done by going out of Himself to another, but by taking humanity unto Himself. Thus Christ gave to humanity an existence out of Himself. To bring humanity into Christ, to bring the fallen race into oneness with divinity, is the work of redemption. Christ took human nature that men might be one with Him as He is one with the Father, that God may love man as He loves His only-begotten Son, that men may be partakers of the divine nature, and be complete in Him." Christ taught that man in his own strength cannot keep the commandments faithfully but he demonstrated that humanity and divinity combined can keep His law. {1SM 250.3}

    [2205] "Jesus, our precious Saviour, should be first in our thoughts and affections, and we should trust him with entire confidence. He has removed the barrier that separated us from God, that prevented us from grasping the hand of our heavenly Father. He has taken upon himself our guilt, and stands ready, through his own merits, to accept our penitence, and pardon our transgressions. "The chastisement of our peace was upon him, and with his stripes we are healed." And the Father himself loves us, or he could never have consented to this great sacrifice. John exclaimed, as he contemplated the amazing love and condescension of God: "Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not. Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be; but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is." {John 16:27; RH, February 3, 1885 par. 11}

    [2300] When it comes to food, this is true, `You are what you digest.' God, who created man in His image, created our organs and how they are to work together and keep us in a healthy state. God also created foods for us, and no, everything we see or take an interest in is not good for food. Violating God's health laws causes disease. "... in vain shalt thou use many medicines; for thou shalt not be cured." Jer. 46:11. Eating unhealthily upsets the fine balance of a healthy human organism. Disease is the body's way of trying to go back to a healthy state. First of all we must allow for the 8 laws of health to be allowed to do their work. They are: 1) pure air, 2) sunlight, 3) temperance, 4) rest, 5) exercise, 6) proper diet, 7) use of water, 8) trust in divine power. We must educate ourselves on healthy foods. According to medical information, the main disease causing items include cholesterol, various poisons introduced in the body in the guise of drinks or foods, to name a few. We must know that cholesterol comes only from animal sources. If it has a liver or is a mushroom, it has cholesterol. Is that true? Yes! Plants do not contain any cholesterol. (Mushrooms are not plants). Question: Does avocado contain good cholesterol? No! Does coconut contain good cholesterol? No! However, when it comes to food intake, moderation is always the guide to live by. Too much of anything is too much. Walk, not run or jump, every day for one hour will take care of your health needs with respect to many ailments - hypertension, cholesterol, diabetes, etc. Abstain from flesh foods of any kind and enrich your diet with high fiber content foods. Any type of tea is poisonous. It contains many poisons. Do not drink tea. One time a man showed his hands. All his finger nails were gone. He did not realize that his tea drinking was the cause. The same is true for ridges in finger nails. Tea causes iron and/or mineral deficiencies. Diet influences Type I and II diabetes from birth on up. Man is the only being which drinks the milk of another species. No animal will drink the milk of another specie in nature. We ought not to maintain a culture of milk drinking. May this be enough for now.

    [2340] Being a true disciple, true follower of Jesus Christ is the highest calling. Being a follower of Christ implies imitating Him in all our living, thinking, wishing and aspirations. Many have a mistaken idea what a Christian really is and how a firm religious experience is obtained; much less do they understand the qualifications that God requires his preachers, teachers and dedicated followers to posses. What are the dangers we encounter? They are the wiles of Satan. Many have occasionally a flight of feeling, which gives them the impression that they are indeed the children of God. This dependence upon impressions is one of the special deceptions of Satan. Those who are used to that sensation make their religion a matter of circumstances. What is needed is `living by principle.' We are to seek a daily experience in the things of God, advance daily, in practicing self-denial, cheerfully bearing the cross and following Christ. Thinking through what we read in God's Word, pleading with him, that is what elevates our living and motivates our affections. Neglecting to pattern our life like this will surely result in a lessening in religious interests. It will lead to carelessness and laziness in matters which should be our principles. We must take the words of Jesus to heart where He says, "Woe unto you lawyers! for you have taken away the key of knowledge: you entered not in yourselves, and them that were entering in you hindered." (Lk. 11:52) It is contrition and faith and love that enable the soul to receive wisdom, evidence, from heaven. Faith working by love is the key of knowledge, and everyone that loveth "knoweth God." 1 John 4:7. To retain a pure and undefiled religion makes it necessary that we become workers, persevering in our efforts. We must do the work around us which no one else can do. None but ourselves can work out our salvation which the Lord has left for us to do. We are to experience conversion to God every day. This conversion is not completed until we attain to perfection of Christian character. A full preparation for the finishing touch of immortality when Christ comes.

    [2400] The theologically loaded Hebrews 9:11-12 reads as follows showing the Greek:
    " Christos [Christ] de paragenomenos [but, (in the past before 65 AD) having-come (or) having-appeared] archiereus [highpriest] ton genomenon agathon [of-the to-come (or) that-are-to-come good things], dia tes meizonos [through the greater] kai teleioteras skenes [and more-perfect tent] ou cheiropoietou [not hand-made], tout estin ou tautes tes ktiseos [this is not of-this the creation],"

    A Translation of 9:11: "But Christ, having appeared (or) become a high priest of the good things that are yet to come, because of the greater and still more perfect tent [Paul did not want to insult the Jew's respect for their temple], not made by men's hands nor of this present world,"

    The Greek of 9:12:

    "Oude di haimatos [Nor through blood] tragon kai moschon [of-goats and of-calves], dia de tou idiou haimatos [through but the (His) own blood] eisetthen ephapax [entered once] eis to hagia [into the first apartment], aionian lutrosin heuramenos [eternal redemption having-found]."

    A Translation of 9:12

    "nor by means of blood of goats and calves, but through His own blood, He entered once into the first apartment, having found eternal redemption."

    Studying the key words - Explaining why Prof. Martin differed with SdAs and the Solution.

    I) Past tense: In the past (before Paul wrote this in 65 AD) ("paragenomenos") Christ became (`paragenomenos') our high priest, and now ("ton genomenon agathon"), in our present and future great things are coming to you and me as a result! Part of it is the present mediation of Christ (4:14-16, 7:25-26, 8:1-2, 9:24) on our behalf, another part is the fact that we may in faith come to Him and receive its benefits right now (4:14-16, 10:19-22). Yet another part is the promise that it can remove our sins (8:10, 9:14, 10:16), and then there is the final blessing that He will soon return as a result and take us unto Himself (9:28, 10:35-37, 10:35-37, 11:39-40). The consistent message of Hebrews is a PRESENT mediation and PRESENT victories over sin, not a past or a future mediation and victory over sin as the Evangelicals teach.
    II) "Tragenkai moschon" - In 9:12,13, and 19, Paul writes about the blood of bulls or calves and goats. Desmond Ford made a big issue of that one [*], since goat and bull blood is used on the Day of Atonement (Lev 16:3,5-6,11), therefore he claims that Hebrews 9 is speaking about the second apartment. But if you will check, you will find that bull, calf, and goat blood (bull: Lev 4:3.8:2, 9:2-3; bull and goat blood: Lev 4 and 9) was regularly used in the daily service as well (goat, kid, or ram blood was the preferred offering for the people in the daily services: Lev 1:2-3,10; 3:6-7,12; 4:2-3,13-14,22-23,27-28; 5:6-7; 6:6; 8:2,14,18,22; 9:2-4), and bull blood was only used in the Day of Atonement for the sins of the priest himself (Lev 16:3,6,11).
    III) "Eis ta Hagia" - In 9:12, Paul declares triumphantly that Jesus had entered the first apartment of the heavenly Sanctuary, NOT as Drs. Canon and Martin claimed, "into heaven". The Greek word for heaven is `ouranoi', which can hardly be confused with `hagia.' Therefore, Christ entered into the heavenly sanctuary - the only place where there was a sanctuary after the destruction of Jerusalem.
    IV) "Ephapax" - This word means 'once" or "one time." It can also mean "once for all." Prof. Walter Martin made an issue of this point, as does Desmond Ford. We were told, "Jesus entered once into the most holy place, according to Hebrews 9:12 in the NIV! He never did go into the first apartment!" Lesson to learn: On these issues we need to follow the received Greek text, not the various English translations or versions some of which follow the Greek text accurately (we mentioned a few above) on this subject but not all.
    But let us take the passage and examine patiently what it says in the Greek: "He entered once into the first apartment." (Hebr. 9:12) There is no threat in those words to our historic teachings. In 31 AD Christ did indeed ONCE enter the first apartment (the `hagia') as we just read (III), there to begin His 18-century ministry on our behalf (since Christ is both, the sacrifice that was slain and the priest). (And we recall that `ta hagia' is the first apartment according to the definitions). Later, in 1844, He would enter once into the second apartment (the `hagia hagiomegan'), there to complete His work in the heavenly Sanctuary. Paul likes to compare Christ's perfect, better, greaterness with that of the earthly type. The earthly priests had to continually go into the first apartment, but Christ only went in ONCE. We heartily agree.
    V) "Aionian lutrosin" - "Eternal redemption" is ours through Jesus Christi. We say "Praise the Lord!" Through the work of Christ, we can have eternal redemption. On this point, we can all agree. "Lutrosin" comes from "lutroo" - to redeem, which comes from "lutron," or "ransom." There is no problem here.
    VI) "Heuramenos" - (A) Here is the last key word in these two verses, and it is an important one. "Heurisko" means "to find." Luke 9:12- KJV says: "Send the multitudes away, that they may go into the towns and country. . and get victuals." - The Greek word for "get" here is from "heurisko," "to find." The disciples were saying, "Send the people away, that they may go look for food, and after searching find some."
    "To find" in the Greek means to obtain as a result of a search. Jesus came to earth and then to heaven on our behalf, - and He has found the means or pathway to eternal life for every one of us! But this does not mean we automatically POSSESS that eternal life as soon as He found it, nor does It mean that He automatically GAVE it to us at that time, or that we have NO PART to do in receiving it.
    (B) "Heuramenos" is the first aorist middle (indirect) participle of "Heurtsko," and, in the middle voice it means to `procure, get, obtain.' The Atonement is the means by which you and I can inherit eternal life. On Calvary, Christ obtained that means; in the Sanctuary above. He gives it to us individually. It is as simple as that. Let no one presume that Hebrews 9:12 teaches an automatic Calvinistic giving of eternal life to beings who have not already been born and do not want it, or a once-saved-always-saved person, such as Martin's own Southern Baptist Church believed in. Christ obtained it; He offers to share it with you and me. By His grace He enables us to cling to Him, so we may obey Him and become like Him. Never, never should we imagine that sinners who cling to their sins automatically have the eternal redemption that Christ will share with His faithful ones.

    The Five Promises
    And that completes our study of Hebrews 9:11-12. Notice that the great announcement of Christ's entrance into the first apartment, as given in 9:12 was earlier stated in 8:2, promised in 9:8, and repeated again in 9:24 and 10:19: So 5 times in the Book of Hebrews we are told that Christ had, prior to 65 AD, entered the First Apartment of the heavenly Sanctuary for us! That is a great truth to share widely! "Hagia" is in every one of those five passages and that is why we read repeatedly the message in the Book of Hebrews which says, `something ... greater' or `something ... better'.

    And the purpose of it all is to put away our sins from us and perfect our characters (10:1-17; 11:39-40). Like for Israel of old, so for us too today are God's promises based on our perpetual obedience to all of His commands (Gen. 9:11,12; Jer. 8:5; Rom. 1:3-6). Then, at His Second Advent, He will return for His own-who have no sin (9:28).
    * A letter from the late 1970's says, "Continue the all important work of selectivisation which has given in many of our church boards the `teeth' to support their Pastors in their work of reform. Where the `old school' retains control, every effort should be made to exploit weakness and cause discouragement. Snap meetings of the board may often be called at times made favorable by the absence of certain members. It is essential that when the change-over comes that we have sympathetic church boards to deal with objectors. [CIAS: to get them to switch over to the new theology.] 4. Lastly, and I cannot over stress the importance of this part of your ministry, get the young people on (our) side. It is the youth that will carry the day for us. Get them away on camp-outs and Sabbath outings." This letter was written by someone following Jesuit tactics to undermine and subvert a faithful church to become more like Babylon. It demonstrates, we the members need to be more vigilant and informed to recognize danger signs, therefore this letter is posted. If you notice trends like this in your church, know something may be afoot. Let us be more faithful and not fall for new theology.

    [2430] So we ask again, `Briefly stated, what qualifies a sinner for salvation?' A good Bible answer is this one, "But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many." Rom. 5:15 or in this rendition, "But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man's trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many." Rom. 5:15, ESV. We may know that as long as Satan accuses us (Rev. 12:10), Christ our mediator is accomplishing His work in behalf of sinners in the sanctuary (Rev. 1:5,6) so we may be "in Christ". In fact, Father, Son and the Holy Spirit are on our side, the side of believers in the controversy. With such a defense our daily accuser Satan has no chance to win any cases. Divinity saves us from a life of sin, to a life of doing good works, Mt. 25:31-36. If that was not the case, or if we would not care to present ourselves before the Cross to accept His sacrifice His great salvation for us, those sins we committed in ignorance would still sear our conscience (2.Tim. 4:2b) for we cannot stand before God without a mediator and because the work of atonement cleanses our conscience of sin, from guilt and condemnation. That is the message we learn from Hebrews 10:1,4,11,12. Therefore, when we accept Christ as our Saviour who sought us all our life, when He then comes in the clouds on that last day of this old world's history we will not react by running away from Him because we think He is coming to punish us. No, we will be able to stand and welcome Him with open arms.

    [2455] For an answer to the often asked question, "how can one reconcile the work of Jesus as the gentle high priest in the Epistle to the Hebrews and as the conquering judge and general in the Book of Revelation".

    [2472] That was the Samaritan's gospel before the activities of Simon Magus.

    [2490] `"In the midst of the week He shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease." In A.D. 31, three and a half years after His baptism, our Lord was crucified. With the great sacrifice offered upon Calvary, ended that system of offerings which for four thousand years had pointed forward to the Lamb of God. Type had met antitype, and all the sacrifices and oblations of the ceremonial system were there to cease.' {DA 759.3; GC, p. 327.3.}

    [2540] How is the year 1844 as the year of the beginning of a judgment derived? The Bible makes it clear that God has appointed a day. We read, "Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness according to the law of liberty (James 2:12; Hebr. 9:27) by that man whom he hath ordained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead." Acts 17:31. On that future day, Paul preached, would Jesus Christ judge the world in complete objective righteousness based on the heavenly records (Job 16:19), he means to say. How that specific date is actually calculated we present here and here.

    [2545] Those who follow Christ by faith in the change of His High Priestly ministry appreciate these distinct and unique truths:

    The "Landmarks", the "Pillars" of our Faith

    1. The cleansing of the heavenly sanctuary; [See here]
    2. The Sanctuary and its relation to God's people on earth; [See here]
    3. The temple of God in heaven and the ark containing the law of God; [See here]
    4. The first, second and third angel's messages; [See here]
    5. The commandments of God and the faith of Jesus; [See here]
    6. The Sabbath of the fourth commandment; [See here]
    7. The non-immortality of the soul. [See here]

    In harmony with these distinguishing truths [combined as: (1) Christ in His sanctuary, (2) keeping God's holy Sabbath law, (3) mortality of man, (4) healthful living.

    (1) The perpetuity of the law of God, including the holy sabbath. The true "fulfillment of the law" is agape (Romans 13:10) because it produces heart-obedience through the atonement. This is the unique aspect of `righteousness by faith' that is ministered only in the Most Holy Apartment ministry.
    (2) The mortality of the soul, or if you prefer, the non-immortality of the soul. When you believe in the immortality, apart from clearly comprehending the truth of the nature of man it becomes impossible to appreciate what happened on the cross of Calvary, for if the soul goes to heaven at death, what is put in the grave? Merely an empty shell? For how long then was Jesus dead before His soul went to heaven? Thus the true motivation to holy living is weakened, and `righteousness by faith' is nullified.
    (3) The cleansing of the heavenly sanctuary is the final Day of Atonement ministry (Hebr. 9:22,23). We should learn from this that the cleansing of the soul temple and the cleansing of the sanctuary in heaven are not a simultaneous experience. The judgment and the cleansing of the sanctuary of Daniel 8:14 clearly take place in heaven, but the cleansing of the soul temple of the heart and mind takes place on earth in the human life through the work of the Holy Spirit in the new birth experience and then through the work of sanctification. This ensures the ultimate demonstration of `righteousness by faith in what Christ accomplished' in the hearts and lives of those who believe the truth.
    These three "pillars" of truth support the SdA Church (CWE pp. 30,31). They embrace a complete message that can prepare a people for the return of Christ.

    [2590] This `cosmic' scope, I believe, is hinted at in this quote, "In the midst of the week He shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease." In A.D. 31, three and a half years after His baptism, our Lord was crucified. With the great sacrifice offered upon Calvary, ended that system of offerings which for four thousand years had pointed forward to the Lamb of God. Type had met antitype, and all the sacrifices and oblations of the ceremonial system were there to cease." {GC 327.3} For many years I believed the 4000 years were just an approximation. Only recently I was led to see this as not something given in vagueness but as something certain. It appears God gave Satan at the time of the Fall a thousand years for a day, letting him show the universe what it would be like when sin reigns. He has 6000 years to show that. In the middle, in 31 AD, after more than half of the time was up, Christ offered himself. Today we have almost reached the end of those 6000 years, by 2031, at which time it very well may mean that the reign of sin will cease to exist to usher in the Millennium, a thousand years of rest from Satan's attacks for the redeemed in heaven - a sabbatical Millennium. And so we remember that God will cut things short in righteousness (Rom. 9:28) for affairs on earth are quickly going out of hand today, but we do not know the hour, we may only know that it is near. Man's wickedness is running in high gear and life on this planet is not survivable. There are multiple threats. We must come to terms and give God's will all of our attention now. - It appears the rulers of this world know that man poisons and murders himself out of existence. Satan drives them on to accelerate it and have just a few million left. Oh, if they only knew the hope they could have. But God will intervene, and bring sin to its end but not the repentend sinner who accepted His free salvation. [Jesus said, "Watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man cometh." Matth. 25:13. Is that prophetic time? A day for a year? If so we don't know the exact year or hour (month), it means short time. But we may have a guess of when it is near, even at the door, Matth. 24:33; but not as a result of some involved calculation but just by the fulfilling of the signs of the time.]

    [2597] "All have sufficient light to see their sins and errors, if they desired to do so, and earnestly wished to put them away, and to perfect holiness in the fear of the Lord. God is too pure to behold iniquity. A sin is just as grievous in his sight in one case as in another. No exception will be made by an impartial God. If individuals pass over and cover up their sins, they will not be prospered of God. They cannot advance in the divine life, but will become darker and darker until the light of heaven will be entirely withdrawn." {RH, May 5, 1885 par. 7}
    We should realize that secret sins are known sins. They are known to the person whose secret they are. They are not unconscious sins. It is Satan who spreads ideas around that are contrary to what the sanctuary teaches. He is leading people to think that their sin will be winked at by God, or will not be discovered till Jesus comes. They forget that the Bible teaches, "Behold, ye have sinned against the Lord: and be sure your sin will find you out." Num. 32:23. When Jesus comes he will make atonement for all sins of ignorance, things, that you did not know. But known sins must be confessed and forgiven before him and let go. God is very careful in the way he deals with his people. He is very loving and very kind, but he cannot save us in sins. "I pray to God that this may be the experience of each one of us, and that in the great day of God we all may be glorified together."--MS 49, 1909. {6BIO 197.4}
    There are three levels of sins:

    1. sin; is like missing the mark
    2. transgression; is like rebellion against God
    3. iniquity; is like our perverted sin nature (Ps. 51:5), the DNA and RNA is not like the Lord gave it to you at birth anymore; your iniquities control you, like an addiction.
    We must with all our faith, cooperation and will power, and ceaseless praying return unto God, consider Hosea 4:6; Numbers 14:8; Gen 18:19.

    [2600] Some take comfort in what Paul wrote, "And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement." (Rom. 5:11), understanding that to mean that the atonement is all finished, finished at the cross. But what does it really mean? When did Paul write this? Well he wrote this between 57-58 A.D. Jesus had already ascended up to heaven many years before and, according to the big picture, entered the heavenly Sanctuary and begun applying the benefits of the atonement individually, which included reconciliation with God and forgiving, enabling grace; it is not salvation; we are saved by His (Christ's) life, Rom. 5:10. This paragraph continued at ** just below. Reconciliation puts us in a neutral position before God, a clean place, but it does not save us yet, 1.Cor. 15:22; "... shall all be made alive." Reconciliation brings us back into a friendly attitude, but we still can stop choosing God's ways for our life. Forgiveness means then, God does away with my record of sin, for there is a difference between sin = reconciliation, being in neutral vs. sin = acknowledging our sin(s), claim His blood to find forgiveness. Christ gave Himself for our sins, but that is not necessarily for me; unless I implicitly follow Him like Henoch. We read, "Said the angel: `If light come, and that light is set aside or rejected, then comes condemnation and the frown of God; but before the light comes, there is no sin, for there is no light for them to reject.' I saw that it was in the minds of some that the Lord had shown that the Sabbath commenced at six o'clock, when I had only seen that it commenced at `even,' and it was inferred that even was at six. I saw that the servants of God must draw together, press together." [1T 116.1] - And "God makes abundant provision for sins of ignorance, but He makes no provision for willful sins. The unpardonable sin is the sin that refuses to be pardoned; it is the refusal to hear Him concerning a sin, and to turn from that sin; it is the sin of refusing His instruction; it is the sin of unbelief concerning His warnings; it is the stubborness of the heart that will not turn from sin, which seals the fate of any people or any individual." [R&H, May 19, 1903, par. 2]
    **But reconciliation's concluding benefits could not be made available until the investigative judgment or pre-advent judgment, which began in 1844, is completed. The 1844 event was prefigured by Israel, when they left the land of their 70 year captivity (Dan. 9:25), "a very great congregation" (Ezra 10:1; 2:64,65; 8:3-14, 18-20), to return to Zion. These made up the citizens of the earthly Jerusalem; in the end, after the 2300 year period, when God's people prepare to meet the Lord (Amos 4:20), they prepare to leave the land (earth) of their captivity. Those who respond to this call will be numbered with the citizens of the new, heavenly Jerusalem, since they passed judgment. We also ought to know that the word "atonement" in Rom. 5:11 is derived from the Greek word "katallage", which means `reconciliation.' - And so we should remember that the person who is "in Christ" has grace and active works because of that grace. Through the merits of Christ, both are available to us today. Moment by moment a Christian can (1) receive the forgiving, enabling grace of Christ, and (2) hand-in-hand with Christ, he can actively work to do good and defend the right - for the second part is half the reason the grace was given him "in Christ." Our God wants to empower us to live right, think right, be right!
    Soon Jesus Christ comes again as Lord of Lords and King of Kings. All those who ever professed His name will have been judged and His reward assigned to each case during the judgment, 1.Peter 4:17. When Christ was on earth in His prophetic phase as the Messiah, He entered after that on his priestly phase in the sanctuary in heaven, and will come again in His Kingly phase. The prophet Daniel teaches the pre-Advent judgment as follows:

    "I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire.
    A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened." Dan. 7:9,10.
    Who are those written in blue? The angelic hosts, the record keepers, officiating during this judgment taking place in heaven. Who are those written in brown? They are God's people who will be judged (1.Peter 4:17) and found to be part of God's kingdom.
    The Verdict:
    "Until the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the most High; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom." Dan. 7:22.
    The Execution:
    "But the judgment shall sit, and they shall take away his dominion (the little horn power), to consume and to destroy it unto the end. But the ancient, apostate church divorced itself from God and married the Horn power. That needs to be reversed.
    And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him."
    Dan. 7:26,27.
    At last the hope of the ages has arrived and Satan's rule cut short. False teachings like the rapture and immortality of the soul (here) has caused untold numbers of people to not have been ready, for they believed they could sin till Christ comes, and that He comes again was not a strong doctrine among them, for they thought the dead are already with God in heaven all along. How tragic for those caught up in these doctrines which causes them not to be ready when Christ comes again for they believed not in Christ's ministry in the Most Holy and the pre-Advent Judgment taught in Daniel 7 and its placement in the time prophecies of Daniel 8 and 9.

    [2650] When it comes to being saved out of this world of sin, what part does profession of faith play? Basically the Bible lets us know that, in order to be saved, we must experience true conversion. Profession of faith is not enough if the life is not in harmony with God's precepts. This world has many who suppose they are converted, these truly are converted if they bear the test of character presented in God's Word. - - That is why God's true church is far larger, far older, and far holier than most people can imagine for God's criteria are not of based on rigid human understanding but on the heart of each who has confessed Christ. Those who never heard of Christ, are measured by a different standard administered by the wooing of the Holy Spirit. Those who heed the pleading of the Holy Spirit to live a righteous life by faith in Jesus, paying attention to the still, small voice to live in harmony with fellow man will be counted as heirs to the kingdom and have their hope and joy for the better life fulfilled for we read,

    "Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference." Rom. 3:22.

    "For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him." Rom. 10:12.
    How about a person who is harassed by doubt and despair, how could he or she know there was hope for him through the love of Jesus? The very agony of mind such suffer are positive evidence that the Spirit of the Lord is striving with them. When a sinner becomes hardened in guilt, he does not realize the enormity of his transgression, but flatters himself that he is about right, and in no particular danger; then the Spirit of the Lord leaves him, and he becomes careless and indifferent or recklessly defiant. But the love of God for His erring children, instead of rejoicing in their destruction, He longs to draw them to Himself in simple faith and trust.

    God's afflicted and searching people, those who wonder or know, can be confident in the Lord ". . . for the joy of the Lord is your strength." Nehemiah 8:10b.


    The Day of Atonement Bible Study (22)

    The sacrificial services in Israel were designed by God to remind man of the Creator and to keep the hope of redemption alive. According to the Sanctuary model, God's Show and Tell, the daily services concluded every year on the Day of Atonement. This was, and still is, the most solemn feast day in the Jewish calendar, Yom Kippur. It represented the culmination of the plan of redemption, pointing to the time when sin would be totally eradicated and everlasting righteousness would be ushered in.

    The Day of Atonement therefore pointed to the consummation of the ages. It was the only time of the year God required His people to keep a solemn day of fasting and prayer. We are to fast, be willing to die, rather than forget God, for four reasons: Is not this the fast that I have chosen? (1) to loose the bands of wickedness, (2) to undo the heavy burdens, and (3) to let the oppressed go free, and (4) that ye break every yoke?" Isa. 58:6. No strong drink was allowed to be consumed and the women were required to remove all their jewelry. This feast day pointed to the moment in time when the great controversy between Christ and Satan would finally be brought to an end.

    Besides the vindication of the saints in the Pre-Advent Judgment, the purpose of the Day of Atonement is to vindicate God's holy and righteous name and eradicate the sin problem before they can see God face to face, Ez. 20:35.[02] When the Day of Atonement is accomplished in reality, Satan and his angels, along with all who refused the gift of salvation in Christ, will be destroyed forever. God will then create a new heaven and a new earth for the saints.

    In this study, we will examine the significance of the two goats in the main ceremony that took place on the Day of Atonement. These two goats - one representing Christ and the other Lucifer - pointed to the end of the great controversy between Christ and Satan. This controversy began in heaven when Lucifer rebelled against God and became Satan (see Rev. 12:7-9).[05]

    Back: Sabbath
    Perfecting of Saints
    1. When did the Day of Atonement take place in the Jewish calendar? Lev. 23:27 Answer: "Also on the _____________ of this ______________ there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord."
    Note: The word "atonement" is a combination of three separate words joined together: `At - One - Ment'. Its meaning is synonymous with the word "reconcile." This solemn feast day pointed to the endtime event when the whole universe will again be At-One-Ment with God.
    2. What did the high priest cleanse on the Day of Atonement? Leviticus 16:30 Answer: "For on that day shall the priest make an atonement for you, to cleanse ______, that _____ may be clean from all _________ sins before the Lord."
    Note: This cleansing of God's people prefigured the Pre-Advent Judgment when Christ (2. Cor. 6:16), our great and faithful High Priest, will vindicate the saints from all the accusations Satan has been making against them, Rev. 12:10. [In the KJV the word `avenge' may be used in the sense of getting satisfaction for something (Lk. 18:3; Eccl. 8:11) while the word `vindicate', in the sense of `to sustain,' `to justify,' is not used. But in the sense described `avenge' might have a parallel sense to `vindicate.'] So we ought to remember, God cannot vindicate a work that has not His stamp upon it, for it is leading others in a way that does not bear the signature of heaven.
    3. What else did the high priest cleanse on the Day of Atonement? Leviticus 16:33 Answer: "And he shall make an atonement for _____________________, and he shall make an atonement for ________________________________, and _______________, and he shall make an atonement _____________, and ________________________________."
    Note: Besides the saints, God's sanctuary will also be cleansed or vindicated on the Day of Atonement. How can heaven need cleansing? Has the blood of Christ defiled heaven? No, on the contrary, God's sanctuary will be cleansed of all the blame [10] that has been heaped against God for the sin problem. When this is accomplished one pulse of harmony will exist and the whole universe will again be At-One-Ment.
    4. What will the saints sing at this time? Revelation 15:3 Answer: "And they sing the __________________ the servant of God, and the song of ______________, saying, Great and marvelous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints."
    Notes: When all that the Day of Atonement pointed to is fulfilled, all doubt about God and the way He has dealt with the sin problem will be removed. Then, and then only, will we see things clearly. As the apostle Paul stated to the Corinthian believers, "Now we see in part" (1.Cor. 13:12), but in heaven we shall see God as He truly is, a God of love, mercy and justice.
    5. What were the believers required to do on the Day of Atonement? Leviticus 16:29; 23:27-32 Answer: "And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall ____________________, and do ______________ at all, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger that sojourneth among you."

    23:27 "Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall _________________, and __________________ made by fire unto the Lord.
    23:28 And ye shall do __________ in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the Lord your God.
    23:29 For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.
    23:30 And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people.
    23:31 Ye shall do _____________________: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
    23:32 It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall _________________: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath."

    Note: These two requirements represent negative and positive demands of the gospel - Not I, but Christ.
    To afflict the soul (Lev. 23:27) means to deny self ("Not I"). It is saying with Christ, "I can of Myself do nothing" (John 5:30), that the works we do may be God's (John 14:10). It is admitting that in us nothing good dwells (Romans 7:18). It is acknowledging that despite our faith, we are sinners in need of a Savior (1.Jh. 1:8). This is the negative requirement of the gospel (Luke 9:23), but it is not a hateful thing to say that we are sinners, even great sinners. Why? Because what if you are very sick and go to your doctor, would it be hateful of the doctor to tell you your true condition? Would you rather hear a watered down prognosis to make you think everything is good enough or fine? No! Only the true diagnosis will get you motivated to seek the help you need to try and cure it.
    Doing no work (Lev. 23:28) was referred to as a sabbath of rest (Lev. 23:32). The sabbath of rest signifies that the believers are resting entirely in the Lord of the Sabbath ("But Christ"), Jesus Christ, for salvation (see Hebrews 4:3,4). The Day of Atonement, like a birthday, could fall on any day of the week. However, when that Day fell on a Sabbath, it was called a `High Sabbath.' In the providence of God, when Jesus died on the cross, the next day was such a `High Sabbath,' in 31 A.D.
    Conclusion: In the Pre-Advent Judgment, Christ can only vindicate those who meet these two requirements: to die to self but live in Christ, and to rest in Christ on His holy Sabbath - Christ does it all.
    Perfecting of Saints
    6. What were presented before the Lord on the Day of Atonement? Leviticus 16:7 Answer: "And he shall take the two goats, and present them before the Lord at the tabernacle of the congregation."
    Notes: As we shall see, "goats" in the Bible represent sin. According to the directions given by God, both goats had to be spotless or without blemish, the reason for that is that Christ was without spot or blame. As for the second goat, Lucifer too, before sin was found in him, was without spot and blame. He was once called, "son of the morning" and "covering cherub." Isa. 14:12; Ez. 28:16.
    7. By casting lots, whom did these two goats represent? Leviticus 16:8 Answer: "And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the Lord, and the other lot for the scapegoat."
    Note: The goat selected for the Lord represented Jesus Christ. He was sinless, but on the cross, He bore the guilt and punishment of the sins of the world.[15]
    The second goat (scapegoat) represented Lucifer. He was created sinless until he chose to sin (see Ezekiel 28:25). Ultimately Satan is to blame for the sin problem, Lev. 16:21; Isa. 24:1-6.
    8. Whom do you think the sheep and the goats represent in this passage, Matthew 25:31-34,41? Answer:
    Sheep: _________________________

    Goats: _________________________
    Note: The sheep represent believers and the goats, unbelievers. In Matthew 25:41, Jesus said that the fire, which will consume and destroy unbelievers, was not prepared for them, but "for the devil and his angels."
    9. What did God do to the entire human race in Jesus Christ, 2.Corinthians 5:19? Answer: "To wit, that God was in Christ, ______________ the world unto himself, not ____________________ unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of ___________________."
    Note: At the cross the whole human race ( "all nations", Rm. 1:5) was reconciled to God (see Romans 5:10). Therefore, there is no excuse for anyone to be lost. But Satan tries to hide from us our disobedience so we will be lost. It boils down to the decision everyone needs to make if he wants to get to heaven on God's terms or his own. Those who will be lost are those who have deliberately, persistently and ultimately rejected the gift of salvation in Christ. Deliberate sinning is dangerous. While God will forgive sins, deliberate sinning destroys a person's sense of being convicted of sin to seek humbly forgiveness.
    10. In order to save mankind from sin, what did God make Christ to be, 2.Cor. 5:21a? Answer: "For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin"
    Note: When we also read 2.Cor. 5:16 where Paul means to say, From his time of the knowledge, and in faith as to what Christ did, from that time forward we are not to live for the flesh, look at people the way we did in our old life, but we look at Christ, how He has left humanity in the grave and was glorified. In that sense His followers are to look at each other as new creatures and not pigeon hole this and that person into categories, but see our fellow believers and ourselves as Christ would see us all, for we are to use our gifts as not to sin but live a consecrated life henceforth Num. 18:32, from this time forward.
    11. In exchange, what did God make mankind to be in Christ, 2.Cor. 5:21b? Answer: "that we might be made the righteousness of God in him."
    Notes: Since all mankind is born in a state of sin, the only way we can stand righteous before God is by faith in Christ. In Him all humanity was made into something they were not before. What is that? That He might be made the righteousness of God that is in Christ. He elevates you that high that through Jesus. That is something we do not yet understand fully. It is the science of salvation we shall be able to learn more of later, in heaven. And this is the good news of the gospel, made effective by faith in Christ alone. At conversion, we have hope, we breath in the newness of life. It is to be in the footsteps of the life of Christ. We live obedient lives as we follow His example.
    Perfecting of Saints
    12. How many have gone astray and on whom did God lay our iniquity, Isaiah 53:6? [2T, 144 "...come short of everlasting life."] Answer: "All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on ______ the iniquity of us all."
    Note: Christ our Substitute is who the Lord's goat represented on the Day of Atonement. Therefore, all who are resting in Christ for their salvation (symbolized by their Sabbath-keeping) and are denying themselves of their own self-righteousness (signified by afflicting the soul, see Phil. 3:7-9) will be vindicated on the solemn Day of Atonement. This is the good news of the Pre-Advent Judgment. However, once we live the Christian life, we learn that Christ's substitution was for our days of disobedience, but never a substitute for the required obedience of Christians, 2.Cor. 4:10; 1.John 2:6; 3:3, 7; Mt. 5:38.
    13. How complete was Christ's sacrifice on the cross for our sins, Hebrews 10:14? Answer: "For by one offering he hath perfected ______ ________ them that are sanctified."
    Notes: When Jesus cried on the cross, "IT IS FINISHED" (Jh. 19:30), He was declaring to the world that His sacrifice was sufficient for the entire human race. This is God's supreme gift to mankind. All who have accepted this salvation by faith and are sanctified by that sacrifice stand perfect forever in Christ. True faith is aroused by a contemplation of the uplifted Cross, wherein the pride of the human heart is laid low, and a genuine sense of self-abhorrance and conviction of sin grips the conscience. Those will now be found at the feet of Jesus humbly listening to all he teaches and walking in His footsteps as they keep all that God requires.
    14. According to this text, who is the originator of the sin problem, Ezekiel 28:14,15? Answer: "The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying,
    Son of man, say unto the prince of Tyrus (the prince of Tyrus is the role player for Satan), Thus saith the Lord God; Because thine heart is lifted up, and thou hast said, I am a God, I sit in the seat of God, in the midst of the seas; yet thou art a man, and not God, though thou set thine heart as the heart of God:
    Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.
    Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee."
    Eze. 28:11,12, 14,15.
    Notes: How could a perfect being commit sin? This is a mystery that our finite minds cannot comprehend and is why the Bible alludes to Satan's fall as "the mystery of iniquity" (2.Thessalonians 2:7). Only when we go to heaven will our eyes be opened and will we see fully and understand how sin could enter a perfect world.
    15. According to this passage what was Lucifer's heart problem, Isaiah 14:12-14? Answer: "How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
    For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:
    I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High."
    What was the problem? _________________________
    Adventism Vindicated
    Note: Lucifer's heart problem was self. When he decided to exalt himself and take the place of God, he brought about his own downfall. At the core of every sin is the principle of self which completely contradicts God's agape love that "does not seek its own" (1.Cor. 13:5). It is this principle of self with which Satan infected the human race at the Fall and which makes us sinners.
    16. For what bad thing does God assume the blame in this text, Isaiah 45:7? Answer: "I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the Lord do all these things."
    Note: We discussed in this footnote how nothing happens in the universe without God's permission. This also explains verses such as "the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart" (Exodus 10:20,27; 11:10)[20] and "the evil spirit from God came upon Saul" (1.Samuel 16:23; 18:10; 19:9). - God is not causing these events to occur, but He has permitted them. This is why God assumes the blame for all the bad things that have happened (and are happening) in this world. But on the Day of Atonement, the blame will be put on Satan, the one who is really responsible for the sin problem. Thus, the scapegoat represents Satan, the one who truly deserves the blame.
    17. When did David say he will praise God with uprightness of heart, Psalms 119:7? Answer: "I will praise thee with uprightness of heart, when I shall have learned thy ___________________ judgments."
    Notes: On the great Day of Atonement, God will be vindicated. All the blame He has assumed since the Fall will now be placed on the real culprit, Satan! Only then will God be able to eradicate sin and usher in everlasting righteousness. We learned that we cannot see who Satan really is and what sin really is unless the fruits of sin run their course to demonstrate the malignancy of sin. Similarly we cannot really know who Christ is until we look at the cross and His heavenly ministry - how He vindicates God and His people and brings the reign of sin to a conclusion which will destroy sin itself. It seems therefore, that God has chosen that His faithful people, someday, will fill the places which the angels, which heeded the lies of Lucifer, vacated.

    May you be present on that final Day of Atonement!

    18. How will sin and sinners be eradicated on the Day of Atonement, Revelation 20:9? Answer: "And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and _______ came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them."
    Notes: When the lake of fire has consumed all that belongs to the sin problem, only then will the universe be At-One-Ment with God. May you be a part of that vast multitude that will share the privileges of the saved.
    The sanctuary services ended with the Day of Atonement. It represented the consummation, the closing events of the plan of salvation. This will bring to an end the great controversy between Christ and Satan. Do you see now the significance of this doctrine?

    Respond please:



    Notes For the Above Bible Study

    [02] Through Isaiah God had declared of this nation: "Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evil-doers, children that are corrupters; they have forsaken the Lord; they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward." Isa. 1:4 "Forasmuch as this people draw near Me with their mouth, and with their lips do honor Me, but have removed their heart far from Me, and their fear toward Me is taught by the precept of men; therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a marvelous work among this people, even a marvelous work and a wonder; for the wisdom of their wise men shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent men shall be hid. Woe unto them that seek deep to hide their counsel from the Lord, and their works are in the dark, and they say, Who seeth us? and who knoweth us?" Isa. 29:13-15. {ST, January 3, 1900 par. 5}
    The One who had spoken through Isaiah was now speaking to His people face to face. He was seeking to weed out the traditions and the false doctrines which had become mingled with the pure principles of God's Word. The scribes and Pharisees had accused Him and His disciples of transgression because they did not observe the traditions of the elders. Christ now showed them that it is not that which enters into the mouth that defiles the soul, but that which proceeds from the heart, and that by exalting the traditions of men above the law, they were polluting their own souls and the souls of others. Calling the multitude, He said, "Hear, and understand; not that which goeth into the mouth defileth a man; but that which cometh out of the mouth, this defileth a man." {ST, January 3, 1900 par. 6}
    The teachings of Christ were just what the nation needed to save them from eternal ruin. He taught them pure requirements. He showed that no man who has not first offered himself to God as a living sacrifice, who is not a fit temple for the Holy Spirit to dwell in, is fit for the service of God. - Thus on the day of atonement there was a purification offering for the priest, the purification offering of the goat and the elimination ritual with the life goat for Azazel (Dt. 19:16-21). - He taught that purification of life and character could be obtained only through Christ. They could discern heavenly things only by becoming partakers of the divine nature, by laying hold of the light and power and knowledge that He was bringing within their reach. {ST, January 3, 1900 par. 11}
    Were Jesus personally teaching in our world today, we should hear from His lips the same truths. If we will submit to the working of the Holy Spirit, God will make us partakers of the divine nature. Only by walking according to the commandments of God can we be clean.

    [05] How was the name `Lucifer' derived? In the Hebrew text we have the word , pronounced `hey-lel' (Strong's #1966), or if without the letter `yod' (Strong's #1984), it is spoken as `hay-lale'. My Hebrew Bible issued in 1934, has heylel which carries the meaning of, "in the sense of brightness." The Dr. Martin Luther Bible has "beautiful morning star," which seems to be the intended meaning of the Hebrew text. Other translations use approximations to what they perceive what the text is trying to say. Do angels have brightness? Let us consider Matthew 28:2,3. These scriptures speak of the brightness of the angel of the Lord coming down at the time of the resurrection of Christ, causing a platoon of Roman guards to shake and pass out like they were dead men. We also know that Moses reflected some of the glory of the Lord when he came back down from Mt. Sinai. God is a God of bright light, there are plenty of references to that fact. Every being near to God will at least reflect that brightness; but being without sin, they have brightness of their own. Even Adam and Eve had `garments' of light which they lost when they sinned. Some say there are no named angels in the Bible, is that true? God is not alone in the universe and to cast doubt on God's Word using terms like `Cherubim' and `Seraphim' as being terms for certain angel groups, is just an attempt to minimize God's Word and extol one's own wisdom. - It can be that those who teach this also have a false view on the nature of Jesus Christ. So, we shouldn't get all riled up when reading the KJV or such Bibles on how they translate it.

    [10] There are three aspects of sin, which need to be resolved before God can bring an end to the sin problem:

    1. Guilt (James 2:10)
    2. Punishment (Hebr. 10:29; Mt. 25:46), and
    3. Responsibility (explained below)
    Romans 5:10,11 (KJV) clearly indicates that on the cross, "We were reconciled to God, . . . through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received atonement." This completed, historical fact reconciled sinful man to a holy God, thus resolving items (1) and (2) above. However, the cross did not settle item (3). The Day of Atonement, which represents the culmination of the plan of salvation, addresses item (3) regarding who is responsible for the sin problem.
    Since God is sovereign (nothing happens in the universe without His permission), and since He has allowed sin to continue on earth to this present day, He must assume the blame for what happens in His kingdom. This has been true ever since Adam ate the forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden. Adam did not deny what He had done, nor did he take the blame. Rather, he passed the blame to Eve and ultimately to God ("the woman who You gave to be with me..."). Eve in turn blamed the serpent, implying "the serpent that You created..." (Genesis 3:12,13). God did not then ask the serpent, because He knew that Satan blamed Him too. See Question 16 of the Bible Lesson above (including the related note and footnote [20]) for other examples of the blame for sin that God has assumed since the Fall. But Adam did not die right away, his life was extended. Why? Because of the Lamb, 2.Tim. 1:8-10; 2.Cor. 5:15.
    "Jesus knows the circumstances of every soul. The greater the sinner's guilt, the more he needs the Saviour, who promised to remove that sin from us like He did remove from Moses in 40 years all the pagan practices he had learned at Pharaohs house. His heart of divine love and sympathy is drawn out most of all for the one who is the most hopelessly entangled in the snares of the enemy. With His own blood He has signed the emancipation papers of the race." [MH 89.3; Ed. 63]
    When Satan was triumphing as the prince of the world, when he claimed the world as his kingdom, when we were all marred and corrupted with sin, God sent his messenger from heaven, even his only-begotten Son, to proclaim to all the inhabitants of the world: I have found a ransom. I have made a way of escape for all the perishing. I have your emancipation papers provided for you, sealed by the Lord of heaven and earth. You may have freedom upon the condition of faith in Him who is able to save unto the uttermost all who come unto God by Him. A ransom has been provided at infinite cost, and it is not because there is any flaw in the title which has been purchased for lost souls that they do not accept it. It is not because the mercy, the grace, the love of the Father and the Son are not ample, and have not been freely bestowed, that they (sinners) do not rejoice in pardoning love, but it is because of their unbelief, because of their choice of the world, that they are not comforted with the grace of God. It is their love of disobedience, their pleasure in sin, their enjoyment of rebellion, that have blunted their perceptions until they fail to discern the things which make for their peace. If they are lost, it will be because they will not come unto Christ that they might have life. {ST, June 6, 1895 par. 8}
    In fact, God continues to assume the blame for sin even today. People contend that if God is a God of love, why does He allow all the pain and suffering that we see in the world, especially of innocent victims?
    Why then, has God permitted sin to fester all these years? It was the only way to show the universe the reality of sin! When iniquity was found in Lucifer (see Questions 14 and 15), the principle of self-love was introduced as a viable alternative to God's government, which is based upon agape love. So convincing was Lucifer's argument that he actually convinced 1/3 of heaven's angels (Rev. 12:4a, 9b) to pledge their allegiance to him in lieu of God.
    Not even angels had the foreknowledge of God to imagine the insidious affects of sin would have when put into practice. Had God destroyed Lucifer in heaven without allowing his theory to produce its malignant fruit, all creation would have thereafter served God out of fear instead of love. Perhaps they would be the next ones to be blotted out if they made one (supposedly) minor mistake?
    As you can see, if God did not vindicate His name on this issue, sin could never be eradicated. There would always be doubts in the minds of created beings in the universe. Therefore, on the Day of Atonement, the Lord's goat (pointing to the sacrifice of Jesus on the cross) bore the guilt and punishment for sin. The scapegoat (representing Lucifer - turned - Satan), bore the responsibility for sin. Technically speaking, Satan takes the (blame for) sins of repentant sinners, who are part of the first resurrection. In other lessons the events during and after the millennium further fulfill these sanctuary rituals.

    [15] The Scapegoats Discussed: During the Yom Kippur, Day of Atonement Ceremony. Since we know that the antetypical, prophetic Day of Atonement service takes place in heaven during the age of the seventh church of `Laodikeia', the Greek name (Laodicea in English), which means `judging the people', [lao means people and dicea from `dikas' means `judge, right, justice] - thus `judging the people', we must always consider the `judgment' in the account of the two goats to help us understand the role each one of them plays on that day. In the days of Moses and Aaron, the idea of `judgment' is demonstrated in Leviticus 16 more indirectly by letting us know that the people were considered, or judged if you will, if they followed the ceremony closely and repented and confessed their sins, or if they regarded it lightly and were cut off from the efficacy of the sacrifice. In other words, each Israelite was either saved or "cut off", Lev. 23:29. In the Bible "cut off" occurs 189 times and means the first time death, Gen. 9:11. The second time it means to be expunged from the congregation or family of God's people because it constitutes the breaking of the covenant, Gen. 17:14. Being `cut off', therefore, was a serious thing, but in the second instance we are not told directly that it meant death to the sinner. We suppose, a sinner could consider the meaning of the service closer, change his mind, and in the next year be on the right side of the Lord. However, in the time of the end, Christ applies His blood only once. There is no second chance anymore. - On Yom Kippur a substitute (the sacrificed goat) was accepted in the sinner's behalf; but the sin was not canceled by the blood of the victim; but a means was provided by which the sin was transferred to the sanctuary. By the offering of blood the sinner acknowledged the authority of the law, confessed his guilt in transgression, and expressed his desire for pardon through faith in a Redeemer to come; but he was not yet entirely released from the condemnation of the law. That release was typified as follows. On the Day of Atonement the high priest, having taken an offering from the congregation, went into the Most Holy Place with the blood of this (sin) offering, and sprinkled it upon the Mercy Seat, directly over the law, to make satisfaction for the claims of the law. The sin offering pointed to Christ as a sacrifice, and the high priest represented Christ as a mediator. Then, in his character of mediator, the high priest took the sins upon himself and bore them from (out of) the sanctuary; placing his hands upon the head of the scapegoat, he confessed over him all these sins, thus in figure transferring them from himself to the live goat. The goat then bore them away, and they were regarded as forever separated from the people.
    Now, as anciently the sins of the people were by faith placed upon the sin offering and through its blood transferred, in figure, to the earthly sanctuary, so in the new covenant the sins of the repentant are by faith placed upon Christ and transferred, in fact, to the heavenly sanctuary. And as the typical cleansing of the earthly sanctuary was accomplished by the removal of the sins by which it had been polluted, so the actual cleansing of the heavenly is to be accomplished by the removal, or blotting out, of the sins which are there recorded. But before this can be accomplished, there must be an examination of the books of record to determine who, through repentance of sin in faith in Christ, are entitled to the benefits of His atonement. This is the work of the Investigative Judgment.
    On what Biblical basis can we say that the live goat or scapegoat typified Satan, the author of sin, upon whom the sins of the truly penitent will finally be placed?
    Moses wrote, when the high priest, by virtue of the blood of the Lord's goat sin offering, removed the sins from the sanctuary, he placed them upon the scapegoat, Lev. 16:9,10,15,21,22! The scapegoat then was led into the wilderness (not in the presence of God), since Satan and his angels have a part in every sin ever committed in God's universe. As the author and instigator, he carries his part of the responsibility. That is why we read, "his tail drew the third part of the stars (his now evil angel followers) of heaven, and cast them to the earth" (Rev. 12:4).
    The lingering question is, `Who is our sin bearer, Christ or Satan? Did Christ bear our sins only for a while, before they were transferred to Satan? How do we answer such questions?
    Answer: We remember that what was finished at the cross were the oblations and sacrifices, Dan. 9:27. But of the goats we are told that both had to be without blemish, they both qualified for the sin offering (Lev. 16:5), and the only way that one was the Lord's goat and the other not, was, because lots were cast to determine the will of God.
    After the casting of lots the two goats are not interchangeable, if they were, there would be no need to cast lots - one of them died. The services in the sanctuary can represent different aspects of what Christ would do: such as the being the lamb (or Lord's goat) as well as the priest, the bread, etc., but we infer from the casting of lots that two aspects of the imagery - the sacrificial goat (bore no sin for no confession of sins and laying on of hands took place with this goat, it cleansed the entire sanctuary and the people) and the scapegoat (it did not cleanse but it removed all sins)- do not and cannot represent each other. Like in the daily service the sacrificed lamb (young bullock) represented Christ, so too the sacrificed Lord's goat, since forgiveness (aphesis) requires the shedding of blood (Hebr. 9:22), represents Christ. It is plain now that Christ can not be the scapegoat the blood of which was not shed. This imagery is reflected in the sifting or separation of the sheep from the goats metaphor used by Jesus in describing the judgment, Matth. 25:31-34. Thus God gave us this living portrait of His gift, Jesus Christ. And it took two animals (goats) to do it. What are the parallels? (a) The Lord's goat was without blemish, as Jesus was without sin. (b) The Lord's goat was the blood sacrifice, Jesus' blood was shed. (c) The Lord's goat died at the hand of the Priest, Jesus said "Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father." (Joh. 10:17,18). That means, Jesus was himself the victim as well as the priest.

    What are the parallels?

    1. The Lord's goat was without blemish -- Jesus was sinless, he is our, Israel's, sin bearer, Hebr. 4:14; 9:28; 1.John 3:5. That the Lord's goat represents Jesus is demonstrated in Leviticus because the blood of this particular goat is sprinkled on the altar and the mercy seat.
    2. The casting of lots exemplifies our choosing of Christ or Satan in our daily living, Josh. 5:24.
    3. There is nothing in the sanctuary that appeals to unrepentant sinners, therefore, they are already condemned.
    4. The scapegoat without blemish (Lucifer was created perfect) only until sins transferred to its head - - Satan is ultimately to blame, Rev. 20:7-15. Leviticus supplies internal evidence that this goat cannot also represent Christ since its blood was not shed and it was not sprinkled in the sanctuary.
    5. The slaying of the victim did not make the atonement since it was the sinner who slew the victim (Lev. 4:1-6, 13-15). After that the Priest took the blood and made atonement (Lev. 4:5-12, 16-21).
    6. Jesus Christ was the appointed High Priest to make atonement, he certainly could not have acted in that capacity until after his resurrection, and we have no record of his for doing anything on earth after his resurrection, which could be called atonement.
    7. The atonement was made in the sanctuary, calvary was not such a place.
    8. The scapegoat had all sins of Israel confessed on it (Lev. 16:20-22) before it is led into the wilderness - - since the sacrificed goat represents Christ, this confession of sins on the scapegoat must be the final wrath of God upon the devil. The uninhabited wilderness must represent the millennium during which Satan is bound, not able to tempt anyone, and destroyed at the end.
    9. The scapegoat presented before the Lord to make atonement with him - - at last Satan appears in the judgment to receive his sentence for his role to pass sin to everyone, Rev. 20:13,14; 21:8. [Death and hell - synonyms for Satan and his evil angels.]
    We remember that hellfire was originally prepared for Satan and his evil angels (Mt. 25:41), not for man. We also remember that the natural consequence of sin is that it kills. In final analysis, God does not have to do anything at the end, in connection with the second death - sin kills. The mental anguish it causes is deadly, it kills, that is what killed Christ on the cross was (1) separation from His Father, and (2) knowing all the worlds sins were laid upon Him who never sinned, and yet the vast majority will not accept the great salvation provided for free and rather die in their sins. Sinners also will be killed because of the natural consequence of sin, the mental anguish. This type of anguish is not experienced until all the wicked stand before the judgment bar of God and only then see things clearly.

    This is God's chosen way how He deals with the sin problem. Christ died on the cross as the Savior of the world (John 4:42; 1.Peter 2:24; 1.John 3:5), but not all believe that Christ paid the price already and that we are accepted already if we just come home and follow in step with His great salvation. They must bear the punishment themselves.

    [20] In other verses, Pharaoh is said to have hardened his own heart: "Why then do you harden your hearts as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their hearts? When He did mighty things among them, did they not let the people go, that they might depart?" (1.Samuel 6:6).


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